Rose Mary Woods
Rose Mary Woods
|Personal Secretary to the President|
January 20, 1969 – August 9, 1974
|Preceded by||Gerri Whittington|
|Succeeded by||Dorothy E. Downton|
|Born||December 26, 1917|
Sebring, Ohio, U.S.
|Died||January 22, 2005 (aged 87)|
Alliance, Ohio, U.S.
Rose Mary Woods (December 26, 1917 – January 22, 2005) was Richard Nixon's secretary from his days in Congress in 1951 through the end of his political career. Before H. R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman became the operators of Nixon's presidential campaign, Woods was Nixon's gatekeeper.
Early life and connection to Nixon
Rose Mary Woods was born in northeastern Ohio in the small pottery town of Sebring on December 26, 1917. Her brother was Joseph I. Woods, a sheriff of Cook County, Illinois, and longtime member of the Cook County Board.
Following graduation from McKinley High School, Woods worked for Royal China, Inc., the city's largest employer. She had been engaged to marry, but her fiancé died during World War II. To escape the memories of her hometown, she moved to Washington, D.C. in 1943, working in a variety of federal offices until she met Nixon while she was a secretary to the House Select Committee on Foreign Aid. Impressed by his neatness and efficiency, she accepted his job offer in 1951.
Woods developed a very close relationship with the Nixon family, especially with First Lady Pat Nixon. She accompanied Vice President Nixon on his 1958 goodwill tour of South America but was injured by flying glass in the attack on Nixon's motorcade.
Secretary to the President of the United States
Woods was President Nixon's personal secretary, the same position that she held from the time that he hired her until the end of his lengthy political career.
Fiercely loyal to Nixon, Woods claimed responsibility in a 1974 grand jury testimony for inadvertently erasing up to five minutes of the 18 1⁄2 minute gap on a June 20, 1972, audio tape. Her demonstration of how this might have occurred, in which she stretched to simultaneously press controls several feet apart (what the press dubbed the "Rose Mary Stretch"), was met with skepticism from those who believed the erasures to be deliberate.
Woods demonstrates the "Rose Mary Stretch", which purportedly led to the erasure of 18-plus minutes of the Watergate tapes.
An expert analysis of the tapes conducted in January 1974 revealed that there were four or five separate erasures. Later forensic analysis in 2003 determined that the tape had been erased in several segments—at least five, and perhaps as many as nine. The contents of the gap remain unknown.
|Rose Mary Woods, Devoted Nixon Secretary, Dies, 2:20, January 24, 2005, NPR|
Woods died on January 22, 2005, at McCrea Manor, a nursing home in Alliance, Ohio, near her hometown. A memorial service was held at the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum in Yorba Linda, California. She remained unmarried and had no children.
- ^ Wilkinson, Francis (2005-12-25), "Nixon's Real Enforcer", The New York Times, retrieved 2008-10-08
- ^ Rose Mary Woods, Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum, retrieved 2012-04-26
- ^ Mount, Charles (July 12, 1988). "Woods To Leave County Board". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- ^ a b Sullivan, Patricia (2005-01-24), "Rose Mary Woods Dies; Loyal Nixon Secretary", The Washington Post, retrieved 2008-10-08
- ^ Aitken, Jonathan (2015). Nixon: A Life. Regnery Publishing. pp. 296–297. ISBN 978-1621574422.
- ^ The Watergate Files - Battle for the Tapes: July 1973 - November 1973, Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library
- ^ Kopel, David (2014-06-14), "The missing 18 1/2 minutes: Presidential destruction of incriminating evidence", The Washington Post, retrieved 2022-03-29
- ^ Clymer, Adam (May 9, 2003). "National Archives Has Given Up on Filling the Nixon Tape Gap". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 27, 2015. Retrieved January 17, 2007.
- ^ Shenon, Philip (2005-01-24), "Rose Mary Woods, 87, Nixon Loyalist for Decades, Dies", The New York Times, retrieved 2008-10-08
- ^ "Rose Mary Woods, Devoted Nixon Secretary, Dies". NPR. January 24, 2005. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- ^ "Rose Mary Woods (1917-2005) - Find A Grave Memorial".