Rose Mofford

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Rose Mofford
Rose Mofford.jpg
18th Governor of Arizona
In office
April 4, 1988 – March 6, 1991
Acting: February 8, 1988 – April 4, 1988
Preceded by Evan Mecham
Succeeded by Fife Symington
12th Secretary of State of Arizona
In office
October 20, 1977 – April 4, 1988
Governor Wesley Bolin
Bruce Babbitt
Evan Mecham
Preceded by Wesley Bolin
Succeeded by James Shumway
Personal details
Born (1922-06-10) June 10, 1922 (age 94)
Globe, Arizona, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Lefty Mofford (1957–1967)

Rose Perica Mofford (born June 10, 1922) is a retired American civil servant and politician. Beginning her career with the State of Arizona as an office secretary, she worked her way up through the ranks to become the state's first female Secretary of State and first female and 18th Governor of Arizona.

Early life[edit]

Mofford was born Rose Perica in Globe, Arizona on June 10, 1922. The youngest of six children, her parents, John and Frances Perica, had immigrated to the United States from Austria–Hungary. The first female class president in the history of Globe High School, she had great success in both academics and athletics. She played basketball and was an All-American softball player.[1] She graduated in 1939 as class valedictorian and, based upon her father's advice, turned down an opportunity to play professional basketball with the All American Red Heads.[2]

Perica married Lefty Mofford, a captain with the Phoenix Police Department, in 1957. The couple divorced after a decade but remained friends until his death in 1983. They had no children.[3]

Civil service career[edit]

Following high school, Mofford began her career as a secretary for State Treasurer Joe Hunt. Two years later, when Hunt was promoted to the Arizona Tax Commission, Mofford followed her boss to the new position.[1] In 1945, she left the Tax Commission and became business manager for Arizona Highways. Mofford returned to the Tax Commission in 1947 as executive secretary. Following Hunt's retirement in 1960, new commissioner Thad Moore fired Mofford, saying "we felt it was better to have a man in that job."[2][3]

Following her dismissal from the Tax Commission, Mofford was hired as an executive secretary by Secretary of State Wesley Bolin. She remained in the Secretary of State's office until 1975, when she became assistant director of the State Revenue Department (formerly the Tax Commission).[2]

Elected office[edit]

When Governor Raúl Castro announced his resignation to become Ambassador to Argentina, Secretary Bolin ascended to the governorship. Arizona has no lieutenant governor; the secretary of state stands first in the line of succession to the governorship. Bolin in turn appointed Mofford to serve the remainder of his term as Secretary of State.[4][5] Bolin died in office on March 4, 1978. Although Mofford was Secretary of State, she did not succeed to the office of Governor, because she was not holding her office by election, as required by the Arizona Constitution. At the end of the term she ran for Secretary of State and won election three times in 1978, 1982 and 1986.[3]

Mofford became known in the state capital as the friendly woman with a beehive hairdo, and her office gained a reputation as an efficient operation. She herself was noted for her punctuality, answering her own phone, and replying directly to her mail. In addition to her state position, she served from 1982 until 1983 as president of the National Association of Secretaries of State.[6]

Governor Evan Mecham was impeached on February 8, 1988. Per the Arizona Constitution, Mecham's powers were suspended and Mofford became acting governor, since by that time, she was holding the office of Secretary of State by election.[4][7] While most observers complimented her on the job she performed, Mecham objected to Mofford replacing the one state department head that he had appointed.[4][8] Upon Mecham's removal from office following his impeachment trial, Mofford was sworn in as Governor on April 4, 1988.[9]

Mofford's primary goal as governor was to return stability to Arizona. Her efforts were widely held as providing a calming effect following the tumultuous impeachment and recall proceedings of her predecessor.[10] State Senate Democratic leader Alfredo Gutierrez said of her actions, "What she did was reinvest the system with dignity and honor."[1] In early 1990, she announced that she had decided not to run for election to a full four-year term.[11] She was succeeded by Fife Symington III, who later was involved in similar straits as Mecham, involving improper use of money, and was convicted of a felony in his second term. Symington's conviction, however, was overturned in 1999 by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. Before Symington could be retried, he was pardoned by President Bill Clinton.[12]

After office[edit]

Since leaving office, Mofford has dedicated her time to civic and charitable activities.[1]

In 1997, a scholarship fund was established in her name.[13]

She is a member of the Arizona Softball Hall of Fame,[5] and municipal softball fields are named in her honor in both Butler and Phoenix.[14][15]

She served as chair of the campaign committee of Attorney General Terry Goddard's unsuccessful 2010 election bid for Governor of Arizona.[16][17]

After the death of Raúl Héctor Castro on April 10, 2015, Mofford became the oldest living Governor of Arizona, in addition to being the oldest living Secretary of State of Arizona.


  1. ^ a b c d Kamman, Jon (April 25, 2007). "BIO - Rose Mofford". The Arizona Republic. 
  2. ^ a b c Jennings pp. 177
  3. ^ a b c Gruson, Lindsey (February 7, 1988). "Jokes Aside, She is Acting Governor". New York Times. 
  4. ^ a b c "Mofford is New State Secretary". The Prescott Courier. April 4, 1978. 
  5. ^ a b "Rose Mofford Will Seek Office". Kingman Daily Miner. April 5, 1978. 
  6. ^ Jennings pp. 180
  7. ^ "Replacement for Mecham Says She will be `Healing Governor'". The Spokesman-Review. February 9, 1988. p. A2. 
  8. ^ "Many Give Mofford High Marks So Far". Mohave Daily Miner. February 21, 1988. p. A3. 
  9. ^ "Arizona's Mofford Sworn In". The Milwaukee Sentinel. April 6, 1988. 
  10. ^ Jennings pp. 182
  11. ^ "Arizona Race in Turmoil As Governor Bows Out". New York Times. January 21, 1990. 
  12. ^ Rudin, Ken January 26, 2001, I Beg Your Pardon Washington Post
  13. ^ "Raymond Chavez Wins Scholarship". The Pendleton Record. June 29, 2007. 
  14. ^ "Bagdad Trip Shows How Much Softball has Grown in Arizona". Kingman Daily Miner. September 16, 1982. 
  15. ^ "Park Named for Mofford". Arizona Daily Star. June 11, 1997. 
  16. ^ "Governor's race in sight for Goddard". The Arizona Republic. November 7, 2009. 
  17. ^ "Governor's race in sight for Goddard". The Arizona Republic. November 7, 2009. 
  • Jennings, Marianne M. (1989). "Rose Mofford". In Myers, John L. (ed.). The Arizona governors, 1912-1990. Phoenix: Heritage Publishers. pp. 177–84. ISBN 0-929690-05-2. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Wesley Bolin
Secretary of State of Arizona
Succeeded by
James Shumway
Preceded by
Evan Mecham
Governor of Arizona
Succeeded by
Fife Symington