Rose Mofford

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Rose Mofford
Rose Mofford 2012.jpg
18th Governor of Arizona
In office
April 4, 1988 – March 6, 1991
Acting: February 18 – April 4, 1988
Preceded by Evan Mecham
Succeeded by Fife Symington
12th Secretary of State of Arizona
In office
October 20, 1977 – April 4, 1988
Governor Wesley Bolin
Bruce Babbitt
Evan Mecham
Preceded by Wesley Bolin
Succeeded by James Shumway
Personal details
Born Rose Perica
(1922-06-10)June 10, 1922
Globe, Arizona, U.S.
Died September 15, 2016(2016-09-15) (aged 94)
Phoenix, Arizona, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Lefty Mofford (1957–1967)
Signature

Rose Perica Mofford (June 10, 1922 – September 15, 2016) was an American civil servant and politician who led a 51-year career in state government.[1] Beginning her career with the State of Arizona as an office secretary, she worked her way up the ranks to become the state's first female Secretary of State and first female Governor of Arizona.

Early life[edit]

Mofford was born Rose Perica in Globe, Arizona, on June 10, 1922, the youngest of six children. Her parents, Frances (Oberstar) and John Perica,[2] had immigrated to the United States from Croatia, then part of Austria–Hungary. The first female class president in the history of Globe High School, she had great success in both academics and athletics. She played basketball and was an All-American softball player.[3]

She graduated in 1939 as class valedictorian and, based upon her father's advice, turned down an opportunity to play professional basketball with the All American Red Heads.[4]

Civil service career[edit]

Following high school, Mofford began her career as a secretary for State Treasurer Joe Hunt. She was eighteen when she started working for him, and earned a salary of $125 a month.[5] Two years later, when Hunt was promoted to the Arizona Tax Commission, Mofford followed her boss to the new position.[3] In 1945, she left the Tax Commission and became business manager for Arizona Highways. Mofford returned to the Tax Commission in 1947 as executive secretary. Following Hunt's retirement in 1960, new commissioner Thad Moore fired Mofford, saying "we felt it was better to have a man in that job."[4][6] Following her dismissal from the Tax Commission, Mofford was hired as an executive secretary by Secretary of State Wesley Bolin. She remained in the Secretary of State's office until 1975, when she became assistant director of the State Revenue Department (formerly the Tax Commission).[4]

Elected office[edit]

Sign commemorating Rose Mofford outside the State Capitol building in Phoenix, Arizona.

When Governor Raúl Castro announced his resignation to become Ambassador to Argentina, Secretary Bolin ascended to the governorship. Arizona does not have a lieutenant governor; the secretary of state stands first in the line of succession to the governorship if retaining office by election. Bolin in turn appointed Mofford to serve the remainder of his term as Secretary of State.[7][8]

Bolin died in office on March 4, 1978. Although Mofford was Secretary of State, she held that post by appointment, so she could not ascend to the governorship; instead, Attorney General Bruce Babbitt became governor.[9] At the end of the term she ran for a full term as Secretary of State and won. She was reelected in 1982 and 1986.[6] In 1982 she won the election by nearly a 2-1 ratio, and won unopposed in 1986.[10] Mofford became known in the state capital as the friendly woman with a beehive hairdo, and her office gained a reputation as an efficient operation. She herself was noted for her punctuality, answering her own phone, and replying directly to her mail. In addition to her state position, she served from 1982 until 1983 as president of the National Association of Secretaries of State.[11]

Although Arizona is considered a traditionally Republican state, Democrat Mofford was well-liked by members of both parties.[12] She was known for her bipartisanship, and her ability to reach across the political aisle.[10]

Governor Evan Mecham was impeached on February 8, 1988. Per the Arizona Constitution, his powers were suspended and Mofford became acting governor, as she was now Secretary of State by election.[7][13] While most observers complimented her on the job she performed, Mecham objected to Mofford replacing the one state department head that he had appointed.[7][14] Mecham was convicted on two of four articles in the impeachment trial and removed from office on April 4, 1988, and Mofford was sworn in as Governor for the balance of Mecham's term.[15]

She was known for working with twelve different Arizona governors before she herself became governor, a fact that Mofford was proud of.[16]  

During her time in office, Mofford was only one out of three female governors in the country.[17]

Mofford was thought to have rocky transition to the governorship at first,[18] as she faced a collapse of the real-estate market and a high deficit left over from the previous administration.[18]

Mofford's primary goal as governor was to return stability to Arizona. She was called "the healing governor", and some thought it was her duty as governor to repair the state.[17] Mofford also received this nickname due to her ability to ease racial division in Arizona, which some considered a problem under Mecham.[10] Her efforts were widely held as providing a calming effect following the tumultuous impeachment and recall proceedings of her predecessor.[19] State Senate Democratic leader Alfredo Gutierrez said of her actions, "What she did was reinvest the system with dignity and honor."[3]

Mofford aimed to advocate for children, education, the disabled, the elderly, and an upsurge in transportation funding while governor.[20]

The governor fought for higher bonding limits and aimed for statewide economic development.[18] Mofford additionally raised funding for mental health programs in Arizona.[21]

She strongly opposed English-only instruction in Arizona schools, and considered herself an advocate for civil liberties.[22]

Known for her fondness for athletics, Mofford created a funding mechanism to keep Major League Baseball's Cactus League in the state.[18]

Governor Mofford wanted to prevent drug use in the state;[1] to do so, she created the Governor's Alliance Against Drugs, the Governor's Youth Commission Against Drugs, and managed the formation of the state's first Drug Prevention Resource Center.[1]

Mofford fought to pass a law that established Martin Luther King Day as a paid state holiday,[23] which had been rescinded under her predecessor[24]. It was eventually passed by popular vote in 1992 after she had left office.[24]

The governor formed a task force to combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic statewide, as a response to its rising national concern:[22] during this time, the HIV/AIDS crisis was an issue thought to be ignored by politicians throughout the country.[22]

In 1988, she opposed a bill banning abortions in the state (except in extreme cases), claiming it was unconstitutional.[25] The proposed legislation was rejected by the state legislature by one vote before she could veto it.[25]

She had a high popularity in the state, which decreased when she commutated two murder sentences in 1989;[18] convicted murderers James Hamm and Carl Kummerlowe were able to attain early parole under her commutations, which she later tried to rescind.[26]

During her time as governor, Mofford tried to increase political leadership opportunities for women in the state,[22] appointing more minorities and women to commissions, boards, and courts than any other past Arizona governor.[22]

In early 1990, she announced that she had decided not to run for election to a full four-year term.[27] She was succeeded by Fife Symington.

In a 2010 interview, Mofford said "I attribute my success in life to my roots, religion, and my Rolodex".[18] She created the Rolodex when she first starting working in government in 1940, eventually compiling 4,000 contacts.[5] This was thought to show her value for communication and connections.[5]

After Mofford died in 2016, Governor Doug Ducey said that "rising through the ranks of state government to our state's top office, she [Mofford] shattered a once-thought-unbreakable glass ceiling and served as an unparalleled role model to many".[12]

In 1990, Mofford told reporters "I hope they remember me as a caring governor, because I cared about everybody in Arizona". [10]

Personal life[edit]

In 1957, she married Thorald Robert "Lefty" Mofford, a captain with the Phoenix Police Department. The couple divorced after a decade but remained friends until his death in 1983, and she kept his surname. They did not have any children. She never remarried.[6]

Mofford identified as a devout Catholic [23]. She considered religion to be a driving force in her success both in politics and as a leader[23]. She contributed to the Missionaries of Charity, a foundation created by Mother Theresa[23]. Her commitment to her faith was thought to have made her more popular among Arizonians[23].

After leaving office, Mofford dedicated her time to civic and charitable activities.[3] In 1997, a scholarship fund was established in her name.[28] She was a member of the Arizona Softball Hall of Fame,[8] and municipal softball fields are named in her honor in both Butler and Phoenix.[29][30] She served as chair of the campaign committee of Attorney General Terry Goddard's unsuccessful 2010 election bid for Governor of Arizona.[31] She worked with former lawmaker Leo Corbert to help people in Arizona get organ transplants under the state health insurance[18]. She often frequented residence homes for the elderly, and washed, sorted, and donated clothes to homeless shelters until she was 91[18].

Even after she left office, Mofford was considered a mentor to several Arizona politicians[10]. She would often use her influence in politics to help others rise up in the ranks[5]. Former Senator Dennis DeConcini remembered asking Mofford for advice after taking a job as a gubernatorial staffer[10]. Mofford would make calls for him to help him rise up in the ranks, which "opened a lot of doors" according to DeConcini[10].

In the 2004 US presidential election, Mofford was a Democratic elector for Arizona supporting the presidential campaign of then-US Senator John Kerry. Arizona was won by incumbent President George W. Bush that year.[32]

On August 31, 2016, after falling at her home, Mofford was admitted to a hospice. She died there on September 15, 2016, at the age of 94.[5]

Awards[edit]

Mofford received the Distinguished Public Servant and Dedicated Humanitarian Award from St. Jude's Research Hospital [17]. In 1988, she won Valley Leadership's Outstanding Woman of the Year Award[17]. She was a recipient of the Arizona Heritage Award in 2004[23].

She was honored as an Arizona Historymaker from The Historical League in 1999[17]. Former Phoenix mayor Skip Rimsza established June 10th as "Rose Mofford Day" [17].

Grave marker[edit]

Grave of Governor Mofford before her 2017 grave marker was unveiled.

In 2017 a new grave marker was unveiled for Mofford's grave, which includes among other things images of her meeting Pope John Paul II in 1987 and Mother Teresa in 1989; those meetings were some of her favorite times as governor.[33]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Berman, David R. (1998). Arizona Politics & Government: The Quest for Autonomy, Democracy, and Development. Arizona: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-6146-4. 
  • Johnson, James W. (2002). Arizona Politicians: The Noble and the Notorious. Arizona: The University of Arizona Press. ISBN 0-8165-2202-2. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Governor Rose Mofford". National Governor's Association (NGA). 
  2. ^ (U.S.), National Association of Secretaries of State (January 1, 1987). "National Association of Secretaries of State Handbook". National Association of Secretaries of State. Retrieved September 15, 2016 – via Google Books. 
  3. ^ a b c d Kamman, Jon (April 25, 2007). "BIO – Rose Mofford". The Arizona Republic. 
  4. ^ a b c Jennings, p. 177.
  5. ^ a b c d e Bland, Karina; Harris, Craig (September 15, 2016). "Rose Mofford, first woman to serve as Arizona governor, has died". The Arizona Republic. Phoenix, Arizona. 
  6. ^ a b c Gruson, Lindsey (February 7, 1988). "Jokes Aside, She is Acting Governor". The New York Times. Retrieved September 15, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c "Mofford is New State Secretary". The Prescott Courier. April 4, 1978. 
  8. ^ a b "Rose Mofford Will Seek Office". Kingman Daily Miner. April 5, 1978. 
  9. ^ "Rose Mofford, First Woman to Serve as Arizona's Governor, Dies at 94". The New York Times. 2016-09-15. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-04-04. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g Pitzl, Mary Jo (October 31, 2016). "Our first lady brings state together again". Arizona Republic (ProQuest). A.7. 
  11. ^ Jennings, p. 180.
  12. ^ a b Associated Press (September 15, 2016). "Rose Mofford, Arizona's first female governor, dies at 94". LA Times. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  13. ^ "Replacement for Mecham Says She will be `Healing Governor'". The Spokesman-Review. February 9, 1988. p. A2. 
  14. ^ "Many Give Mofford High Marks So Far". Mohave Daily Miner. February 21, 1988. p. A3. 
  15. ^ "Arizona's Mofford Sworn In". The Milwaukee Sentinel. April 6, 1988. 
  16. ^ Romano, Lois (February 24, 2018). "Rose Mofford in the Arizona Hot Seat; With Evan Mecham Out of Office, The Acting Governor Takes Charge: [FINAL Edition]". The Washington Post (via ProQuest). Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f "Biography: Rose Perica Mofford". 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h Bland, Karina (September 15, 2016). "Rose Mofford, first woman to serve as Arizona governor, has died". The Republic: AZ Central. Retrieved March 6, 2018. 
  19. ^ Jennings, p. 182.
  20. ^ "Greater Phoenix Chamber mourns the passing of Rose Mofford, Arizona's first female governor". Greater Phoenix Chamber of Commerce. 2016. 
  21. ^ Nichols, Judy (November 16, 2004). "A LEADER, AN ICON: EX-GOV. MOFFORD TO BE HONORED BY STATE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE". Arizona Republic (ProQuest). B.1. 
  22. ^ a b c d e Scates, Karen T. (December 31, 2016). "Remembering Rose Mofford". Politico. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f Bolding, Betsy. "Rose Mofford | Women's Plaza of Honor". 
  24. ^ a b White, Kaila (January 15, 2018). "Martin Luther King Jr. Day: How much do you know about Arizona's civil-rights history?". Arizona Central. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  25. ^ a b Lewin, Tamar (1988). "Arizona Defeats Ban on Abortions". The New York Times. Retrieved April 3, 2018. 
  26. ^ "Gov. Rose Mofford, who commuted the life..." Orlando Sentinel. December 16, 1989. Retrieved March 5, 2018. 
  27. ^ "Arizona Race in Turmoil As Governor Bows Out". The New York Times. January 21, 1990. 
  28. ^ "Raymond Chavez Wins Scholarship". The Pendleton Record. June 29, 2007. 
  29. ^ "Bagdad Trip Shows How Much Softball has Grown in Arizona". Kingman Daily Miner. September 16, 1982. 
  30. ^ "Park Named for Mofford". Arizona Daily Star. June 11, 1997. 
  31. ^ "Governor's race in sight for Goddard". The Arizona Republic. November 7, 2009. 
  32. ^ [1]
  33. ^ "Grave marker unveiled for former Gov. Rose Mofford". Azcentral.com. Retrieved 2017-09-03. 

Sources[edit]

  • Jennings, Marianne M. (1989). "Rose Mofford". In Myers, John L. (ed.). The Arizona governors, 1912–1990. Phoenix, AZ: Heritage Publishers. pp. 177–84. ISBN 0-929690-05-2. 
  • Appearances on C-SPAN
Political offices
Preceded by
Wesley Bolin
Secretary of State of Arizona
1977–1988
Succeeded by
James Shumway
Preceded by
Evan Mecham
Governor of Arizona
1988–1991
Succeeded by
Fife Symington