Rose oxide

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Rose oxide
IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.036.763
EC Number 240-457-5
Molar mass 154.25 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is ☑Y☒N ?)
Infobox references

Rose oxide is a fragrance chemical found in roses and rose oil. It also contributes to the flavor of some fruits, such as lychee, and wines, such as Gewürztraminer.


Rose oxide is an organic compound of the pyran class of monoterpenes. The compound has a cis- and a trans-isomer, each with a (+)- and (−)-stereoisomer, but only the (−)-cis isomer (odor threshold 0.5 ppb) is responsible for the typical rose (floral green) fragrance.[1]

Rose oxide isomers


Rose oxide can be produced industrially beginning with photooxygenation of citronellol to give the allyl hydroperoxide which is then reduced with sodium sulfite to provide the diol. Ring-closure with sulfuric acid forms both the cis- and trans-isomers in equal amounts.[2]

Rose oxide synthesis


  1. ^ Dieter Martinetz und Roland Hartwig: Taschenlehrbuch der Riechstoffe: ein Lexikon von A–Z. Verlag Harri Deutsch 1998; ISBN 3-8171-1539-3; S. 330ff.
  2. ^ Alsters, P. L.; Jary, W. .; Nardello-Rataj, V.; Aubry, J. M. (2010). ""Dark" Singlet Oxygenation of β-Citronellol: A Key Step in the Manufacture of Rose Oxide". Organic Process Research & Development. 14: 259. doi:10.1021/op900076g.