Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation
Roseau River No. 2
|• Total||21.99 km2 (8.49 sq mi)|
|Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation|
Its main reserve is Roseau River No. 2.
The people of Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation have a long history in the area of the Pembina and Red River Valleys in Manitoba, Minnesota, and North Dakota. The Roseau River people had a long history with a clan system which assigned different responsibilities to various clans and societies. As a collective these people were known in Ojibwe as the Zoong-gi-dah Anishinabe.
With the arrival of Europeans in the area, they were first called the Pembina Band due to their location in the Pembina Valley. However, as more and more settlers arrived and pushed the people away from their original lands to hunt they gradually abandoned these lands. Eventually with the signing of Treaty 1 on 3 August 1971, a grouping was given the peoples around the Roseau River where the community is now located.
The community had to be evacuated in 1997, 2009, and 2011 as a result of flooding which cut off road access to the community. The community is protected by a ring dike which has prevented large inundation of the community during these floods.
It has a registered population of 2,152 individuals.
The First Nation has three reserves:
- Roseau River No. 2 — the First Nation's main reserve. With an area of 22.242 km2 (8.588 sq mi), it is bordered by the Municipality of Emerson – Franklin and the Rural Municipality of Montcalm. As of the 2011 Census, this reserve's official population was 588 inhabitants.
- Roseau Rapids No. 2A ( ) — has an area of 3.23 km2 (800 acres) and is entirely surrounded by Emerson – Franklin. As of the 2011 Census, this reserve's official population was 107 inhabitants.
- Roseau River No. 2B (Highway 6 & 236 and the Perimeter Highway on the northwest side of Winnipeg, Manitoba, well over 100 km (62 mi) from the two other reserves. Not having its own Canadian census subdivision, this reserve is enumerated as part of the Rural Municipality of Rosser; as such, this reserve's population is not individually reported. ) — has an area of 305,000 m2 (75.4 acres). It is located at the junctions of
Roseau River No. 2 & 2A are located approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) apart, and about approximately 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Winnipeg.
Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation is a member of the Dakota Ojibway Tribal Council. The current Chief and Council are: Chief Craig Alexander; Councillor Alfred Hayden, Councillor Terrance Nelson, Councillor June Thomas and Councillor Max Seenie.
- "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2021-07-15.
- "Roseau River Anishinaabe First Nation » Treaty One Development Corporation".
- "Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation". Treaty 1 Development Corporation. Retrieved 2021-07-15.
- "Ginew Wellness Centre: Our Community". Ginew Wellness Centre. Retrieved 2021-07-15.