Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation

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Roseau River No. 2
Roseau River No. 2 is located in Manitoba
Roseau River No. 2
Roseau River No. 2
Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation
Coordinates: 49°10′04″N 97°15′58″W / 49.16778°N 97.26611°W / 49.16778; -97.26611Coordinates: 49°10′04″N 97°15′58″W / 49.16778°N 97.26611°W / 49.16778; -97.26611
Country Canada
Province Manitoba
Area
 • Total21.99 km2 (8.49 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total558
Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation
Okwewanashko-ziibiing
TreatyTreaty 1[2]
HeadquartersGinew, Manitoba
Government
ChiefCraig Alexander[3]

Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation (Ojibwe: Okwewanashko-ziibiing, meaning: "Rag Weed River")[4] is a First Nation in southern Manitoba, Canada, situated around the Roseau River.

Its main reserve is Roseau River No. 2.

History[edit]

The people of Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation have a long history in the area of the Pembina and Red River Valleys in Manitoba, Minnesota, and North Dakota. The Roseau River people had a long history with a clan system which assigned different responsibilities to various clans and societies. Collectively, the Anishinabe (Ojibway) of Manitoba, Western Ontario, North Dakota and Northern Minnesota were known in Ojibwe as the Zoong-gi-dah Anishinabe.[5]

With the arrival of Europeans in the area, they were first called the Pembina Band due to their location in the Pembina Valley.[5] However, as more and more settlers arrived and pushed the people away from their original lands to hunt they gradually abandoned these lands.[5] Eventually with the signing of Treaty 1 on 3 August 1871, a grouping was given the peoples around the Roseau River where the community is now located.[5]

The community had to be evacuated in 1997, 2009, and 2011 as a result of flooding which cut off road access to the community.[5] The community is protected by a ring dike which has prevented large inundation of the community during these floods.[5]

Reserve lands[edit]

It has a registered population of 2,152 individuals.

The First Nation has three reserves:

Roseau River No. 2 & 2A are located approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) apart, and about approximately 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Winnipeg.

Leadership[edit]

Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation is a member of the Dakota Ojibway Tribal Council. The current Chief and Council are: Chief Craig Alexander; Councillor Alfred Hayden, Councillor Terrance Nelson, Councillor June Thomas and Councillor Max Seenie.[3]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2021-07-15.
  2. ^ "Roseau River Anishinaabe First Nation » Treaty One Development Corporation".
  3. ^ a b "Roseau River Anishinabe First Nation". Treaty 1 Development Corporation. Retrieved 2021-07-15.
  4. ^ Ross, Jordan. “Aug 2021: Roseau River First Nation Organizes Honour Walk.” The Carillon, August 7, 2021. https://www.winnipegfreepress.com/the-carillon/local/2021/08/07/roseau-river-first-nation-organizes-honour-walk.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Ginew Wellness Centre: Our Community". Ginew Wellness Centre. Retrieved 2021-07-15.