Rosebank Cemetery

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Rosebank Cemetery
Gretna disaster monument.jpg
Memorial to soldiers killed in the Gretna rail disaster of 1915.
Details
Established1846
Location
CountryScotland, UK
TypePublic
Size4.37 hectares (10.8 acres)
The old western entrance to Rosebank Cemetery (now sealed)
Rosebank Cemetery general view

Rosebank Cemetery is a 19th-century cemetery in Edinburgh. It is located at the junction of Pilrig Street and Broughton Road in the Pilrig area, close to the historical boundary of Leith. The cemetery is protected as a category C listed building.[1]

History[edit]

The cemetery was developed by the Edinburgh and Leith Cemetery Company,[2] with David Cousin as architect, and opened on 20 September 1846.[1] It covers an area of 4.37 hectares (10.8 acres). Originally known as the Edinburgh and Leith Cemetery,[3] the cemetery proved popular and was extended eastwards around 1880.

The main entrance was originally from the north-west (Broughton Road) but this has been sealed. The sole entrance is now from the north-east (Pilrig Street). The latter originally had an entrance lodge above the gate, but this was demolished around 1975.

The cemetery was in independent private ownership until around 1980 when the City of Edinburgh Council then took over the grounds.

Memorials[edit]

A large memorial at the furthest point from the current Pilrig Street entrance, lying against Broughton Road wall near North Pilrig Heights, marks a mass grave and commemorates the Gretna rail disaster of 22 May 1915, in which 215 soldiers of the 1st/7th Battalion The Royal Scots were killed.[2] The men, mostly from Leith, were on their way to board ship at Liverpool in order to travel to the battlefront at Gallipoli. The handful of survivors were sent onwards the following day. The bodies of those killed in the railway disaster were returned to Leith and buried with great aplomb on 24 May with the 15th and 16th battalions Royal Scots serving as guard of honour. These are among 270 First World War casualties and 36 Second World War casualties interred at Rosebank.[4]

The cemetery also houses the main war memorial to the two world wars, serving the Pilrig area, marked by a white cross designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens. Over and above this memorial and the Gretna Memorial there are several war graves scattered through the cemetery for individuals who died of wounds or disease on return from the war.

A number of 19th-century merchants and ship-owners, shipbuilders and ship-masters from Leith are buried at Rosebank. There are also several 20th-century Sikh and Islamic burials. The apparently high number of "pilots" refers to harbour pilots (the original meaning) rather than aircraft pilots. Unusual surnames found include Arcus, Carnie, Combe, Cormack, Eunson, Flucker, Goalen, Junner, Kellock, Ketchen, Spaven, Tilloch and Waldie.

Those who are homeless and die on the street along with several stillborn children (Scots law requires burial not cremation) are buried at the cemetery. The latter are marked by a modern monument giving a place to remember them, in interlocking granite pieces representing mother and child. The inscription reads "to all those children never known but always loved".

An abnormally high number of stones are noted as "drowned" or "lost at sea" (see Notable Interments).

Notable interments[edit]

Christian Salvesen grave
The grave of Ida Bonanomi, Rosebank Cemetery, Edinburgh


At the dead centre of the main=east-west path lie three conterminous graves of servants of Queen Victoria, each residsing at Holyrood Palace: Ida Bonanomi (1818-1854) Queen Victoria's dresser; Owen Gough (1800-1872); and Charles Watty (1814-1889) the Queen's servant for 42 years. The three stones and lairs were paid for by the Queen.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Historic Environment Scotland. "Rosebank Cemetery, Pilrig Street (Category C Listed Building) (LB27935)". Retrieved 18 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Rosebank Cemetery (Edinburgh and Leith Cemetery)". Gazetteer for Scotland.
  3. ^ http://maps.nls.uk/view/102190564
  4. ^ "Rosebank Cemetery". Commonwealth War Graves Commission.
  5. ^ http://200.bellrock.org.uk/biographies.htm
  6. ^ http://www.engineering-timelines.com/scripts/engineeringItem.asp?id=182

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°58′04″N 3°11′06″W / 55.9677°N 3.1850°W / 55.9677; -3.1850