Sydney, New South Wales
|Population||13,533 (SAL 2021)|
|• Density||3,909.5/km2 (10,126/sq mi)|
|Area||1.9 km2 (0.7 sq mi)|
|Location||6 km (4 mi) south of Sydney CBD|
Rosebery is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is 6 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district and is part of the local government areas of the City of Sydney and the Bayside Council.
Rosebery was named after Archibald Phillip Primrose, the fifth Earl of Rosebery, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in 1894–95. The suburb was named in his honour after his visit to Australia for two months in 1883–84.
Rosebery was once the site of Rosebery Racecourse, which first opened as a pony track in 1906. Race meetings held by the Associated Racing Clubs became as popular as those at Randwick, especially in the 1920s. The track became an army camp during World War II. After the war, it became a training track used by the Sydney Turf Club.
In 1961, much of the land was purchased by the Rosebery Town Planning Company and developed as an industrial area. The housing commission purchased the remaining acres for high density public housing. The area north of Gardeners Road was developed by Richard Stanton (1862–1943) and the same company that developed Haberfield, with the result that Rosebery is known as a 'garden suburb'. Garden competitions were held in the suburb prior to the 1990s. Houses are predominantly single-storey California bungalows, Federation Bungalows or "standard" suburban detached homes.
The Rosebery tram line opened in 1902 and initially ran via Chalmers and Redfern Streets and south along Elizabeth Street to Zetland. In 1924, the line was extended to Epsom Road in Rosebery. In 1948, to facilitate construction of the Eastern Suburbs Railway, a new line was constructed down Elizabeth Street between Devonshire Street and Redfern Street and the route was deviated to run down this new section. The line was electrified double track throughout. The line was closed in 1957.
In the 2016 census, there were 10,117 people in Rosebery. The most common ancestries in Rosebery (NSW) (State Suburbs) were Chinese 15.8%, English 12.8%, Australian 11.7%, Greek 8.3% and Irish 6.7%. 44.0% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were China 11.0%, Greece 3.7%, Indonesia 3.0%, England 2.5% and New Zealand 2.1%. 44.0% of people spoke English only at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 11.1%, Greek 8.8%, Cantonese 3.4%, Indonesian 3.1% and Russian 2.3%. The most common responses for religion were No Religion 30.0%, Catholic 23.8% and Eastern Orthodox 12.0%.
A small shopping centre is located on Gardeners Road. Commercial and industrial developments are also located on and around Botany Road.
Gardeners Road Primary School is the public school for the area and is located at the junction of Gardeners Road and Botany Road. On Rosebery Avenue is the Sydney International Film School. St Joseph's Catholic primary school is on Rosebery Ave.
There is a large park in the middle of Rosebery called Turruwul Park, which is bounded by Harcourt Parade and Hayes Road. A smaller park is Crete Reserve, situated at the southern end of Rosebery Avenue. Other small parks are located at Lever Street, where there is a scout hall, and at the corner of Harris and Coward Streets. There is also a park in Kimberley Grove. However, the nighttime lighting of Turruwul Park results in a more active night sport situation. Turruwul Park is the home of the Redfern Raiders Soccer Club.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Rosebery (NSW) (Suburb and Locality)". Australian Census 2021 QuickStats. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
- Dunn, Peter. "ROSEBERY ARMY CAMP ROSEBERY RACECOURSE GARDENERS ROAD, ROSEBERY SYDNEY, NSW DURING WWII". ozatwar.com. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
- The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, ISBN 0-207-14495-8, p. 227
- "2021 Rosebery (NSW), Census All persons QuickStats". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Rosebery (NSW) (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
- Gardeners Road Public School
- "Call for defibrillators to be installed at all sporting fields". Retrieved 8 February 2017.