Roseburia

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Roseburia
Scientific classification
Domain:
Phylum:
Class:
Order:
Family:
Genus:
Roseburia
Binomial name
Roseburia
Type species
Roseburia cecicola[1]
Species

R. cecicola[1]
R. faecis[1]
R. hominis[1]
R. intestinalis[1]
R. inulinivorans[1]

A genus of butyrate-producing, Gram-positive anaerobic bacteria that inhabit the human colon. Named in honor of Theodor Rosebury, they are members of the phylum firmicutes.[2][3]

Increased abundance of Roseburia is associated with weight loss and reduced glucose intolerance in mice.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f LPSN bacterio.net
  2. ^ Scott, K. P.; Martin, J. C.; Mrazek, J.; Flint, H. J. (2 May 2008). "Transfer of Conjugative Elements from Rumen and Human Firmicutes Bacteria to Roseburia inulinivorans". Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 74 (12): 3915–3917. doi:10.1128/AEM.02807-07. PMC 2446557. PMID 18456856.
  3. ^ Machiels, K; Joossens, M; Sabino, J; De Preter, V; Arijs, I; Eeckhaut, V; Ballet, V; Claes, K; Van Immerseel, F; Verbeke, K; Ferrante, M; Verhaegen, J; Rutgeerts, P; Vermeire, S (August 2014). "A decrease of the butyrate-producing species Roseburia hominis and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii defines dysbiosis in patients with ulcerative colitis". Gut. 63 (8): 1275–83. doi:10.1136/gutjnl-2013-304833. PMID 24021287.
  4. ^ Ryan, KK; Tremaroli, V; Clemmensen, C; Kovatcheva-Datchary, P; Myronovych, A; Karns, R; Wilson-Pérez, HE; Sandoval, DA; Kohli, R; Bäckhed, F; Seeley, RJ (2014). "FXR is a molecular target for the effects of vertical sleeve gastrectomy". Nature. 509: 183–8. doi:10.1038/nature13135. PMC 4016120. PMID 24670636.