Rosehill, New South Wales

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Rosehill
SydneyNew South Wales
Rosehill Racecourse 1.JPG
Rosehill Racecourse
Map
Population3,806 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density1,029/km2 (2,660/sq mi)
Postcode(s)2142
Area3.7 km2 (1.4 sq mi)
Location21 km (13 mi) west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s)City of Parramatta
Federal Division(s)Parramatta
Suburbs around Rosehill:
Parramatta Camellia Rydalmere
Harris Park Rosehill Silverwater
Granville Granville Auburn

Rosehill is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Rosehill is located 23 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district in the local government area of the City of Parramatta and is part of the Greater Western Sydney region.

Rosehill contains a mixture of residential, commercial, industrial and recreational land. However, the redevelopment of this land is imminent.

History[edit]

Industrial land at Rosehill

In the early days of the colony, the hill behind old Government House had been named ‘Rose Hill’ by Governor Arthur Phillip, before the suburb had been named Parramatta.

On 25 March 1789, Henry Dodd took charge of a farm established at Rose Hill.[2] James Ruse came to farm there in November of the same year.[3] In December 1790, a crop of corn (wheat), described as "exceeding good," was harvested at Rose Hill.[4] By 1791, 200 acres of land had been cleared and were in production.[5]

Nearly a hundred years later in 1883, 850 acres (3.4 km2) of John Macarthur’s Elizabeth Farm were subdivided for industrial purposes. Part of the estate was set aside for a recreation area, which became Rosehill Racecourse.

A public school opened here in 1886 and the railway station opened in 1888 on the Carlingford line, which was a private railway line until it was taken over by the state government in 1904.[6]

Heritage listings[edit]

Rosehill has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Landmarks[edit]

Education[edit]

  • Rosehill Public School

Population[edit]

At the 2016 census, Rosehill recorded a population of 3,806. Of these:[1]

  • The age distribution was unusual, with a preponderance of younger adults compared to the country in general, but similar to the neighbouring suburb of Silverwater. The median age was 31 years, compared to the national median of 38 years. There was a large concentration of people between 20–34 years of age; they make up 43.5% of residents (national average is 21.1%). Children aged 0–14 years made up 16.9% of the population (national average is 18.7%) and people aged 65 years and over made up only 4.5% of the population (national average is 15.8%).
  • 28.6% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were India 25.3%, China 6.6%, Lebanon 3.3% and Philippines 2.8%. About three-quarters (74.8%) of residents had both parents born overseas. 25.3% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Gujarati 9.5%, Arabic 7.6%, Mandarin 7.0%, Hindi 7.0% and Punjabi 4.9%.
  • The most common responses for religion were Hinduism 24.0%, Catholic 18.9% and No Religion 16.0%.
  • 8.4% of the work-force was unemployed, above the national average of 6.9%.
  • Almost two-thirds (66.5%) of households were family households and 26.3% were single person households. 71.4% of occupied private residences were flats, units or apartments, 16.7% were separate houses and 9.6% were semi-detached. 62.5% were rented, 23.9% were owned with a mortgage and 9.7% were owned outright.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Rosehill(NSW)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 21 December 2017. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Barker, Anthony (2000) What happened when; A chronology of Australasia from 1788, Sydney, Allen & Unwin, p.2. ISBN 1865084263
  3. ^ Barker,mp.3
  4. ^ Historical Records of Australia (HRA) Series I, Vol I, Commonwealth of Australia, Sydney, 1914, p.146.
  5. ^ HRA I (I) p.734
  6. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8, page 228
  7. ^ "Camden". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00250. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Comfort Lodge". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00283. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  9. ^ "Elizabeth Farm". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00001. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  10. ^ "Public Reserve associated with Elizabeth Farm". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00285. Retrieved 18 May 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°49′37″S 151°01′48″E / 33.827°S 151.030°E / -33.827; 151.030