Roselyne Bachelot

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Roselyne Bachelot
Roselyne Bachelot - Narquin.jpg
Minister of Culture
In office
6 July 2020 – 20 May 2022
Prime MinisterJean Castex
Preceded byFranck Riester
Succeeded byRima Abdul Malak
Minister of Social Affairs
In office
14 November 2010 – 16 May 2012
Prime MinisterFrançois Fillon
Preceded byEric Woerth
Succeeded byMarisol Touraine
Minister for Health and Sports
In office
18 May 2007 – 13 November 2010
Prime MinisterFrançois Fillon
Preceded byPhilippe Bas
Succeeded byXavier Bertrand
Minister for the Environment
In office
6 May 2002 – 31 March 2004
Prime MinisterJean-Pierre Raffarin
Preceded byYves Cochet
Succeeded bySerge Lepeltier
Member of the National Assembly
for Maine-et-Loire's 1st constituency
In office
1988–2002
Preceded byJean Narquin
Succeeded byRené Bouin
Personal details
Born
Roselyne Narquin

(1946-12-24) 24 December 1946 (age 75)
Nevers, France
NationalityFrench
Political partyRPR (1982-2002)
UMP (2002-2012)
Spouse(s)Jacques Bachelot
EducationUniversity of Angers

Roselyne Bachelot-Narquin, generally known as Roselyne Bachelot (née Narquin; born 24 December 1946) is a French politician who served as Minister of Culture in the government of Prime Minister Jean Castex (2020–2022)[1] and as Minister of Solidarity and Social Cohesion (2010–2012) in the government of Prime Minister François Fillon. She was a member of the Union for a Popular Movement, which was part of the European People's Party.

Early life and education[edit]

Bachelot was born as Roselyne Narquin on 24 December 1946 in Nevers, France.[2] Her father Jean Narquin, was a résistant and gaullist député, and her mother was Yvette Le Dû, a native from Gourin, both dentists. She has a brother, Jean-Yves Narquin, who ran for the European Parliament as a member of the National Front in 2015.[3]

Bachelot received a Doctorate in Pharmacy.[2]

Political career[edit]

Member of the French Parliament[edit]

From 1988 until 2002 and again in 2007, Bachelot was a member of the National Assembly, representing Maine-et-Loire's 1st constituency. During that time, she served on the Committee on Cultural Affairs.[4]

Member of the European Parliament[edit]

From 2004 until 2007, Bachelot served as a Member of the European Parliament for the west of France. She was a member of the European Parliament's Committee on Employment and Social Affairs. She also was a substitute on the Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, a member of the delegation for relations with the Palestinian Legislative Council, and a substitute for the delegation for relations with Israel.

Career in government[edit]

From 2007 until 2010, Bachelot served as French Minister for Health and Sports. Since French ministers cannot be members of Parliament, she was forced to give up her seat in the European Parliament.

During her time in office, Bachelot implemented the planned prohibition on smoking in restaurants, bars, discos, casinos and other commercial pleasure enterprises in 2008.[5] She notably issued a warning against excessive mobile phone use, especially by children.[6] Also in 2008, she publicly endorsed legislation introduced by Valérie Boyer which would have made the promotion of extreme dieting a crime punishable by up to two years in prison and a fine of some $45,000;[7] it passed the French lower house, but later failed in the Senate.[8] She also encouraged the National Assembly of France to change the legal age to purchase alcohol in France from 16 to 18; the new law took effect in July 2009.[9][10]

In 2009, Bachelot ordered 94 million vaccines from Sanofi Pasteur, GlaxoSmithKline, Novartis and Baxter International for the French Government at a cost of 869 million euros (and an option on 34 million additional vaccines in 2010) to fight against the H1N1 influenza virus; however, less than 10% of French population (about 6 million people) had been vaccinated by the end of the winter. She later canceled over half the flu vaccines ordered to combat the virus, in an effort to head off criticism after reserving too many shots.[11]

In June 2010, Bachelot made headlines when she reduced some players of the France national football team to tears after the French players protested by refusing to practice in the 2010 FIFA World Cup. Domenech, head coach at the time, called the strike "an aberration, an imbecility, a stupidity without name" Monday. During a following meeting, Roselyne Bachelot said "It's your kids, our children, for whom perhaps you will no longer be heroes. It is the dreams of your partners, your friends, your fans that you have perhaps broken. You have tarnished the image of France."[12]

In November 2010, Bachelot was appointed Minister of Social Affairs alongside Marie-Anne Montchamp and Claude Greff in the third François Fillon government. She was supposed to reform the public healthcare system for elderly people, but, due to the budgetary restrictions made necessary by the 2008-2012 global recession, she had to abandon any reform project. After the victory of François Hollande at the French presidential election in 2012, she was replaced by Marisol Touraine. She announced that she would support former Prime Minister François Fillon for the Presidency of the Union for a Popular Movement.

Later career[edit]

From 2012, Bachelot was a contributor in the French adaptation of The View alongside to former evening news anchor Laurence Ferrari and others.

In March 2016, Bachelot commented on Rafael Nadal's 2012–2013 injury stating: "On sait à peu près que la fameuse blessure de Rafael Nadal qui a entraîné sept mois d’arrêt de compétition est très certainement due à un contrôle positif."[13][14] In response Nadal sued Bachelot over her comments in April 2016.[15] The case was won by Nadal in November 2017 with Bachelot ordered to pay him 12,000 Euros.[16]

In a 2016 op-ed published by Sunday newspaper Le Journal du Dimanche, Bachelot joined sixteen other high-profile women from across the political spectrum – , including Élisabeth Guigou, Christine Lagarde, and Valérie Pécresse – in making a public vow to expose “all sexist remarks, inappropriate gestures and behaviour.”[17]

On the eve of International Women's Day in 2018, Bachelot – alongside Marlène Schiappa and others – appeared in a performance of Eve Ensler's Vagina Monologues at the Bobino theater in Paris.[18]

Return to politics[edit]

On July 6, 2020, Bachelot was appointed Minister of Culture in the government of Prime Minister Jean Castex, under the Presidency of Emmanuel Macron.

During her time in office, Bachelot oversaw efforts to stabilize the financial situation of museums, cinemas and theatres affected by public health measures amid the COVID-19 pandemic in France.[19] She also worked on a 2021 agreement with Benin's President Patrice Talon on the return of 26 artworks seized by France in the 19th century from the Royal Palaces of Abomey.[20][21] His ministry applies from 2022 massive cuts in funding for archaeology, in the order of -25% to -50% depending on the region.[22]

Other activities[edit]

  • French Institute for International and Strategic Affairs (IRIS), Vice-President of the Board of Directors[23]

Political positions[edit]

Bachelot is a long-time supporter of same-sex marriage, and defied her party by speaking on the Assembly floor in favor of passing the PACs in 1999.[24]

In 2005, Bachelot was one of the few prominent politicians who early and publicly defended Ségolène Royal's presidential bid – the first made by a woman in French history – ahead of the 2007 elections[25] and denounced the sexist comments aimed at Royal.[26]

In 2012, Bachelot successfully pleaded the case of two French feminist organizations – "Osez le féminisme!" ("Dare to be feminist!") and Les Chiennes de Garde (The Watchdogs) – with Prime Minister François Fillon who subsequently ordered the honorific "mademoiselle" – akin to "damsel" and the equivalent of "miss" – banished from official forms and registries across France.[27]

Personal life[edit]

Bachelot is married to Jacques Bachelot.[3] Her brother-in-law, François Bachelot, served in the National Assembly from 1986 to 1988 as a member of the National Front.[3]

On March 20, 2021, Roselyne Bachelot tested positive for COVID-19.[28] On March 24, 2021, she was hospitalized but her condition was determined as "stable and not worrisome."[29]

Political career[edit]

Governmental functions

  • Minister for Solidarity and Social Cohesion: 2010–2012.
  • Minister of Health, Youth Affairs and Sports: 2007–2010.
  • Minister of Environment, Ecology and Sustainable Development: 2002–2004.

Electoral mandates

European Parliament

National Assembly of France

  • Member of the National Assembly of France for Maine-et-Loire (1st constituency) : 1988–2002 (Became minister in 2002) / Reelected in 2007, but she became minister. Elected in 1988, reelected in 1993, 1997, 2002, 2007.

Regional Council

  • Vice-president of the Regional Council of Pays de la Loire : 2001–2004.
  • Regional councillor of Pays de la Loire: 1986–2007 (Resignation). Reelected in 1992, 1998, 2004.

General Council

Radio[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sacha Nelken (20 May 2022), Au revoir, au revoir président: Blanquer, Bachelot, Schiappa… Les principaux recalés du gouvernement Borne 1 Libération.
  2. ^ a b National Assembly: Roselyne Bachelot
  3. ^ a b c Alexandre Boudet, Le frère de Roselyne Bachelot candidat FN aux européennes, The Huffington Post, 22 April 2014
  4. ^ Roselyne Bachelot National Assembly.
  5. ^ Elaine Sciolino (3 January 2008), Even France, Haven of Smokers, Is Clearing the Air Financial Times.
  6. ^ Astrid Wendlandt (2 January 2008), France warns against excessive mobile phone use Reuters.
  7. ^ Doreen Carvajal (15 April 2008), French legislators approve law against Web sites encouraging anorexia and bulimia International Herald Tribune.
  8. ^ Steven Erlanger (2 December 2009), Point, Shoot, Retouch and Label? The New York Times.
  9. ^ "France to raise the legal drinking age to 18". AFP. 10 March 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  10. ^ "Détail d'un article de code" (in French). Legifrance.gouv.fr. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  11. ^ Thierry Leveque and Noelle Mennella (4 January 2010) France cancels 50 million flu shot orders Reuters.
  12. ^ Official appeals to France's team, Diario AS, 22 June 2010.
  13. ^ Translation: "One about knows that Rafael Nadal's famous injury, which caused seven months out of competition, was very certainly due to a positive control."
  14. ^ Seckel, Henri (11 March 2016), Quand Roselyne Bachelot agace en accusant Rafael Nadal de se doper, Le Monde.fr.
  15. ^ Briggs, Simon (25 April 2016). "Rafael Nadal sues former French sport minister Roselyne Bachelot over doping claims". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
  16. ^ Nadal: date set for tennis ace's lawsuit against Bachelot, Diario AS, 28 June 2016.
  17. ^ Kim Willsher (May 15, 2016) French former ministers launch attack on sexism in politics The Guardian.
  18. ^ Anne-Sylvaine Chassany (16 March 2018) Agent provocateur: Marlène Schiappa wages France's gender war Financial Times.
  19. ^ Dominique Vidalon (11 December 2020) 'Heartbroken' French minister promises more help for theatres, museums Reuters.
  20. ^ Lucien Libert and Christian Lowe (9 November 2021) France officially signs over artworks taken from ex-colony Benin Reuters.
  21. ^ Victor Mallet (9 November 2021), France returns 26 looted treasures and works of art to Benin Financial Times.
  22. ^ "L'Appel de 1 600 archéologues à Roselyne Bachelot : « Ne coupez pas les vivres à l'archéologie programmée ! »". Le Monde.fr. 19 February 2022.
  23. ^ Board of Directors French Institute for International and Strategic Affairs (IRIS).
  24. ^ Thibaut Le Gal, Roselyne Bachelot sur le Pacs: "Cette bataille des idées, je l’ai finalement gagnée", 20 Minutes, 15 November 2014
  25. ^ Katrin Bennhold (30 September 2005) She thinks a woman's place is in the Elysée New York Times.
  26. ^ Katrin Bennhold and Judy Dempsey (5 March 2007) Upcoming meeting highlights Merkel and Royal's differences International Herald Tribune.
  27. ^ Scott Sayare (22 February 2012) ‘Mademoiselle’ Exits Official France Financial Times.
  28. ^ "France's labour minister hospitalised with Covid-19". The Local. 22 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021 – via www.thelocal.fr.
  29. ^ "French culture minister hospitalised with Covid-19 as labour minister discharged". France24. 24 March 2021. Retrieved 24 March 2021.