Rosemarie Trockel

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Rosemarie Trockel
Born (1952-11-13) 13 November 1952 (age 69)
Notable workCogito Ergo Sum (1988)
AwardsWolf Prize in Arts (2011)

Rosemarie Trockel (born 13 November 1952) is a German conceptual artist.[1] She has made drawings, paintings, sculptures, videos and installations, and has worked in mixed media.[2] From 1985, she made pictures using knitting-machines.[1] She is a professor at the Kunstakademie Düsseldorf, in Düsseldorf in Nordrhein-Westfalen.[3]


Trockel was born on 13 November 1952 in Schwerte, in Nordrhein-Westfalen in West Germany. Between 1974 and 1978, she studied anthropology, mathematics, sociology and theology while also studying at the Werkkunstschule of Cologne, at a time when the influence of Joseph Beuys was very strong there.[1][2]

In the early 1980s, she met members of the Mülheimer Freiheit artist group founded by Jiří Georg Dokoupil and Walter Dahn, and exhibited at the women-only gallery of Monika Sprüth in Cologne.[1][4]


The Frankfurter Engel, in Klaus Mann Platz, Frankfurt am Main; 1994 cast iron

In 1985, Trockel began to make large-scale paintings produced on industrial knitting machines. These regularly featured geometric motifs or logos such as the Playboy Bunny or a hammer and sickle, and the trademark: Made in West Germany.[4] During the 1980s, she also worked for the magazine Eau de Cologne, which was focused on the work of women artists.[5]: 252  In 1994, she created the Frankfurter Engel monument for the city of Frankfurt.[6] Since the late 1990s, she has worked extensively with clay and has also continued to produce both hand and machine knitted "paintings". Several of these paintings were exhibited in a retrospective, Post-Menopause, at the Museum Ludwig in Cologne in 2005.[5]: 252  In 2011, Trockel won the Wolf Prize for painting.[3] In 2012, an exhibition of her work travelled from the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia in Madrid to the New Museum in New York, the Serpentine Gallery in London and the Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in Bonn.[4]

Trockel's work often criticises the work of other artists, or artistic styles such as minimal art.[5]: 252 



  1. ^ a b c d Nina Lübbren (2006). Trockel, Rosemarie. Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (subscription required).
  2. ^ a b Tröckel, Rosemarie. Benezit Dictionary of Artists. Oxford: Oxford Art Online, Oxford University Press. (subscription required).
  3. ^ a b Rosemarie Trockel Winner of Wolf Prize in Painting / Sculpture – 2011. Wolf Foundation. Accessed September 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d Lynne Cooke (2012). Rosemarie Trockel: A Cosmos (exhibition catalogue). Madrid: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia. ISBN 9781580933469.
  5. ^ a b c d e Mirjam Westen (2009). Rebelle: Art & Feminism 1969–2009 (exhibition catalogue). Arnhem: Museum voor Moderne Kunst Arnhem. ISBN 9789072861450.
  6. ^ Frankfurter Engel oder Mahnmal Homosexuellenverfolgung (in German). Kulturamt Frankfurt am Main: Abteilung Kunst im öffentlichen Raum. Accessed September 2017.
  7. ^ Barbara Engelbach (2005). Rosemarie Trockel: Post-menopause (exhibition catalogue). Köln: Gesellschaft für Moderne Kunst am Museum Ludwig. ISBN 9783865600097.
  8. ^ Jörg Scheller (9 April 2015). Rosemarie Trockel. Frieze. Archived 28 November 2020.
  9. ^ Rosemarie Trockel, Yilmaz Dziewior, Sabine Bürger, Tim Beeby, Volker Ellerbeck (2015). Märzôschnee ûnd Wiebôrweh sand am Môargô niana më (exhibition catalogue). [Bregenz]: Kunsthaus Bregenz. ISBN 9783863356903.
  10. ^ Matthew Rana (31 October 2018). What Is it Like to Be What You Are Not? Rosemarie Trockel's Diverse Practice. Frieze. Archived 2 November 2020.
  11. ^ Iris Müller-Westermann (editor) (2019). Rosemarie Trockel: The Same Different (exhibition catalogue). Malmö: Moderna Museet Malmö; London, Köln: Koenig Books. ISBN 9783960985686.

Further reading[edit]

  • J. Koether (1987). Interview with Rosemarie Trockel. Flash Art (International) 134, pages 40–42
  • Sidra Stich (editor) (1991). Rosemarie Trockel (exhibition catalogue). Boston: The Institute of Contemporary Art; Berkeley: University Art Museum.
  • Birte Frenssen, Rosemarie Trockel (1998). Rosemarie Trockel, Werkgruppen 1986–1998 : Köln, Brüssel, Paris, Wien I, Wien II, Opladen, Schwerte, Düren, Hamburg (exhibition catalogue). Köln: Oktagon.
  • G. Theewen (editor) (1997). Rosemarie Trockel: Herde. Köln: Salon Verlag.