Rosemary M. Collyer

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Rosemary Mayers Collyer
Rosemary Mayers Collyer.jpg
Presiding Judge of the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
Assumed office
May 19, 2016
Appointed byJohn G. Roberts Jr.
Preceded byThomas F. Hogan
Judge of the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
Assumed office
March 8, 2013
Appointed byJohn G. Roberts Jr.
Preceded byJohn D. Bates
Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia
Assumed office
May 18, 2016
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia
In office
November 15, 2002 – May 18, 2016
Appointed byGeorge W. Bush
Preceded byThomas Penfield Jackson
Succeeded byTimothy J. Kelly
Personal details
Born (1945-11-19) November 19, 1945 (age 74)
Port Chester, New York
EducationTrinity Washington University (B.A.)
University of Denver College of Law (J.D.)

Rosemary Mayers Collyer (born November 19, 1945) is a Senior United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia,[1] and currently the Presiding Judge of the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court.[2]

Early life and career[edit]

Born in Port Chester, New York,[3] Collyer received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Trinity College (now Trinity Washington University) in 1968 and a Juris Doctor from the University of Denver College of Law in 1977.

She was in private practice at the law firm of Sherman & Howard in Colorado from 1977 to 1981. She was then Chairman of the Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission from 1981 to 1984 and General Counsel of the National Labor Relations Board from 1984 to 1989. She returned to private practice in Washington, D.C. as a partner in the firm of Crowell & Moring LLP from 1989 to 2002.

Judicial service[edit]

On August 1, 2002, Collyer was nominated by President George W. Bush to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Columbia vacated by Thomas Penfield Jackson.[4] Collyer was confirmed by the United States Senate on November 14, 2002, and received her commission on November 15, 2002. She assumed senior status on May 18, 2016.

In 2013, Collyer was appointed by the Chief Justice of the United States to a seven-year term on the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court.[2] The Court provides a measure of judicial oversight over surveillance activities under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, as amended. Judge Collyer's term on the FIS Court began on March 8, 2013 and will conclude on March 7, 2020. She replaced Judge John D. Bates, whose term ended on February 21, 2013.

Notable cases[edit]

Judge Collyer presided over a number of habeas corpus petitions submitted on behalf of Guantanamo captives.[5]

In United States House of Representatives v. Price (2016), Judge Collyer first found the House had standing to sue the Obama Administration and, then, found that the Administration had unconstitutionally spent billions of Treasury funds on health insurer subsidies without a Congressional appropriation.[6] Judge Collyer enjoined any further insurer reimbursements without a valid appropriation, but stayed her order pending appeal.[7]

Collyer was one of four FISA Court judges who approved a FISA warrant (issued in October 2016 and renewed several times) authorizing the wiretapping of Carter Page.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rosemary M. Collyer". US District Court. Archived from the original on 2008-06-17. Retrieved 2008-06-28.
  2. ^ a b "The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court: 2013 Membership". Federation of American Scientists. Archived from the original on 2013-03-01. Retrieved 2013-07-01.
  3. ^ "Ronald Reagan: Nomination of Rosemary M. Collyer To Be a Member of the Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission, and Designation as Chairman". presidency.ucsb.edu.
  4. ^ Pres. Nom. 2063, 107th Cong. (2002).
  5. ^ "Respondents' response to Court's August 7, 2006 order" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. August 15, 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-06-27. Retrieved 2008-06-23.
  6. ^ Lyle Denniston (12 May 2016). "Judge: Billions spent illegally on ACA benefits". SCOTUSblog. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  7. ^ Hulse, Carl (13 May 2016). "Judge Backs House Challenge to a Key Part of Health Law". The New York Times. p. A15. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  8. ^ Savage, Charlie (July 21, 2018). "Carter Page FISA Documents Are Released by Justice Department". New York Times.

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Thomas Penfield Jackson
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia
2002–2016
Succeeded by
Timothy J. Kelly
Preceded by
John D. Bates
Judge of the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
2013–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Thomas F. Hogan
Presiding Judge of the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
2016–present