Rosemead, California

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Rosemead, California
City
City of Rosemead
Valley Boulevard in Rosemead
Valley Boulevard in Rosemead
Official seal of Rosemead, California
Seal
Location of Rosemead in Los Angeles County, California
Location of Rosemead in Los Angeles County, California
Coordinates: 34°4′N 118°5′W / 34.067°N 118.083°W / 34.067; -118.083Coordinates: 34°4′N 118°5′W / 34.067°N 118.083°W / 34.067; -118.083
Country  United States of America
State  California
County Los Angeles
Incorporated (city) August 4, 1959[1]
Government
 • Mayor Bill Alarcon[2]
 • City council Sandra Armenta
Polly Low
Margaret Clark, Mayor pro tem
Steven Ly
Area[3]
 • Total 5.176 sq mi (13.406 km2)
 • Land 5.162 sq mi (13.370 km2)
 • Water 0.014 sq mi (0.035 km2)  0.26%
Elevation 318 ft (97 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 53,764
 • Density 10,000/sq mi (4,000/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 91770-91772[4]
Area code(s) 323/626[5]
FIPS code 06-62896
GNIS feature ID 1656611
Website www.cityofrosemead.org
Rosemead, California
Chinese 柔似蜜市
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 罗斯密市
Traditional Chinese 羅斯密市

Rosemead is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 53,764. Rosemead is part of a cluster of cities, along with Arcadia, Temple City, Monterey Park, San Marino, and San Gabriel, in the west San Gabriel Valley with a growing Asian population.[6]

History[edit]

Prior to the arrival of the Spanish, the area around Rosemead was populated by Native Americans of the Tongva, or as the Spaniards renamed them, the Gabrieleños. In 1771, the Spanish founded the first Mission San Gabriel Arcángel in the area that is now known as Whittier Narrows on the border between Montebello and Rosemead. In 1775, the mission moved to avoid the spring floods that ruined the first crops, to its present location in San Gabriel.[7]

During the Spanish Colonial era, the area that is now the City of Rosemead, was part of the land administered by the San Gabriel Mission. As part of the Mexican government's Secularization Act of 1833, the land, formerly held by the Mission, was generously distributed to private citizens, requiring only that they build a house and graze cattle, brought to an end the Mission Era [8] Following the Mexican-American War and the 1848 signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe which transferred sovereignty over the territory now known as the State of California to the United States, Anglo-American immigration began to flow to the area. The southern part of Rosemead was part of Rancho Potrero Grande (Large Pasture) which was originally granted to a Native American man named Manuel Antonio,[9] who was a "mayordomo" (overseer) at the San Gabriel Mission. The 4,431-acre (18 km2) ranch was later transferred to Juan Matias Sánchez.[10]

In 1852, John and Harriet Guess moved cross-country in an ox drawn wagon, to the San Gabriel Valley from Conway County, Arkansas.[11] In 1855, the couple camped where present-day Savannah Elementary School is located on Rio Hondo Avenue. They rented the land until 1867, when John Guess purchased 100 acres (0.4 km2) of a 1,164-acre (5 km2) ranch and named it Savannah. The land stretched from Valley Boulevard to Marshall Street, and from Rosemead Boulevard to the Eaton Wash.

Other pioneers, Frank Forst and Leonard J. Rose, also settled in this valley. Rose and his wife Amanda bought about 600 acres (2.4 km2) of land between what is now Rosemead Boulevard and Walnut Grove Avenue. Rose bred and trained horses for a living. He named his ranch "Rose's Meadow" which was eventually shortened to Rosemeade and gave the city its name.[11] Rosemeade was once again shortened to Rosemead. The peaceful, pastoral community flourished with small truck farms and rabbit and chicken farms. Settlers moved in and also raised vegetables, fruits, grain and feed for the animals. It wasn't until August 4, 1959, the citizens elected to incorporate Rosemead into a city.[11]

Entrance to Rosemead on Garvey Avenue over Rio Hondo Bridge

Rosemead Airport[edit]

Rosemead Airport is one of the vanished former airports which once were spread all throughout the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Western Air College operated the airport. The airport at this location in Rosemead was apparently built at some point between 1940–42, as it was not depicted on a 1940 LA street map. The earliest depiction of this airport was on a 1942 street map, which labeled the field as the Western Air College Airport. At some point between 1942-44 the airport was renamed Rosemead, as that is how it was labeled on the 1944 LA Sectional Aeronautical Chart (courtesy of John Voss). A flying school was also operated at Rosemead Airport.[12]

Fletcher Aviation sold to AJ Industries in the 1960s, AJ immediately sold the portion of the land from Rio Hondo Avenue almost to Rosemead Boulevard to AeroJet Corporation and they built a large facility there. It was named Flair Park and the roadway that parallels I-10 was named Flair Drive. [13]

Recent history[edit]

Demographics in Rosemead changed significantly in the 1990s. Chinese and Vietnamese immigrants in large numbers started moving in and opening businesses: ethnic restaurants and stores. The Whittier Daily News stated "The atmosphere certainly became more urban, in a Hong Kong way." [14] The small town ambience changed dramatically. The formerly conservative government changed when young John Tran was elected to the city council. The more seasoned portion of the city council supported keeping a safe and secure quality in the small town while rejecting some of Tran's more radical ideas such as a five story city hall, high density development and ushering out the Sheriff's Department and establishing a Rosemead Police Department, a move that would have cost the city millions of dollars, especially during the recession that followed during that period.[14] Tran also supported a ballot initiative to change to a Charter city, (like Bell, CA.), which the voters soundly rejected. Tran lost in the next city election by one vote.[14]

Demographics[edit]

Rosemead is part of a cluster of cities (along with Arcadia, Temple City, Monterey Park, San Marino, and San Gabriel) in the west San Gabriel Valley with a growing Asian population. Rosemead has a significant population from Mexico, among other Latino nationalities. Less than 1% of the population is African-American or Native American.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 15,476
1970 40,972 164.7%
1980 42,604 4.0%
1990 51,638 21.2%
2000 53,505 3.6%
2010 53,764 0.5%
source:[15]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[16] reported that Rosemead had a population of 53,764. The population density was 10,387 people per square mile (4,011/km²). The racial makeup of Rosemead was 11,348 (21.1%) White (4.7% Non-Hispanic White),[17] 273 (0.5%) African American, 396 (0.7%) Native American, 32,617 (60.7%) Asian, 32 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 7,940 (14.8%) from other races, and 1,158 (2.2%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18,147 persons (33.8%).

The Census reported that 53,351 people (99.2% of the population) lived in households, 135 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 278 (0.5%) were institutionalized.

There were 14,247 households, out of which 6,267 (44.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 8,028 (56.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,502 (17.6%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,373 (9.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 571 (4.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 74 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,739 households (12.2%) were made up of individuals and 844 (5.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.74. There were 11,903 families (83.5% of all households); the average family size was 3.99.

The population was spread out with 12,231 people (22.7%) under the age of 18, 5,225 people (9.7%) aged 18 to 24, 14,952 people (27.8%) aged 25 to 44, 14,392 people (26.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,964 people (13.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.1 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.

There were 14,805 housing units at an average density of 2,860 per square mile (1,104/km²), of which 6,972 (48.9%) were owner-occupied, and 7,275 (51.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.2%. 26,324 people (49.0% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 27,027 people (50.3%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Rosemead had a median household income of $46,781, with 17.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [18]

2000[edit]

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 53,505 people, 13,913 households, and 11,632 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,398.3 inhabitants per square mile (4,011.3/km²). There were 14,345 housing units at an average density of 2,787.8 per square mile (1,075.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 26.57% White, 0.68% African American, 0.85% Native American, 48.76% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 19.69% from other races, and 3.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 41.30% of the population.

There were 14,110 households out of which 40.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.7% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.1% were non-families. 16.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.70 and the average family size was 4.19.

In the city the population was spread out with 6.5% under the age of 5, 76.9% over the age of 18, and 15.2% over the age of 65. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 102.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $44,115, and the median income for a family was $46,327. Males working full-time had a median income of $31,599 versus $28,456 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,072. About 11.6% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those age 65 or over.

These were the ten neighborhoods in Los Angeles County with the largest percentage of Asian residents, according to the 2000 census:[20]

  1. Chinatown, 70.6%
  2. Monterey Park, 61.1%
  3. Cerritos, 58.3%
  4. Walnut, 56.2%
  5. Rowland Heights, 51.7%
  6. San Gabriel, 48.9%
  7. Rosemead, 48.6%
  8. Alhambra, 47.2%
  9. San Marino, 46.8%
  10. Arcadia, 45.4%

Emergency services[edit]

Fire protection in Rosemead is provided by the Los Angeles County Fire Department[21] with ambulance transport by Guardian Ambulance Service.[22] The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department provides law enforcement, operating out of the Temple City Station.[23]

Economy[edit]

Edison International, the international family of companies providing electric services, is headquartered in the city.[24] Southern California Edison and serves Rosemead, as well as much of Southern California.[25] The University of the West moved from its location from Hsi Lai Temple in Hacienda Heights to its current location in Rosemead in 1996. It is one of the very first Buddhist funded universities in the United States. Rosemead School of Psychology was named after its original location in Rosemead. This school was the first independent professional school of psychology in the nation to be accredited by regional accrediting association. Rosemead School of Psychology is now located in La Mirada, but still keeps the city name.[26] The Chinese cuisine fast food chain Panda Restaurant Group is headquartered in Rosemead.[27] The Chinese-Vietnamese Sriracha red chili sauce (known to many as Rooster sauce) manufacturer Huy Fong Foods, Inc. (匯豐食品公司) is also based in the city.[28] The sauce is now being made at Huy Fong's plant in neighboring Irwindale.

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[29] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Edison International (Southern California Edison) 4,100
2 Garvey School District 804
3 Wal-Mart 420
4 Panda Restaurant Group 400
5 Rosemead School District 337
6 Target 200
7 Hermetic Seal 150
8 Don Bosco Technical Institute 90
9 Doubletree 76
10 Marge Carson 80

Politics and Wal-Mart[edit]

Controversies over the development of a Wal-Mart Supercenter, in a residential section in the southern portion of the city, had been bitterly longstanding. After some political maneuvering, it opened on September 13, 2006. A recall election to remove two council members that supported the Wal-Mart, Jay Imperial and Gary Taylor, was held on September 19, 2006. The voters defeated the recall in a 60 to 40 percent majority vote. However, in the general elections that followed shortly thereafter on March 6, 2007, Polly Low defeated incumbent and former recall target, Jay Imperial, garnering the highest vote count among the five candidates vying for the two open seats on the council.

City Council[edit]

Elections for the four year terms are held every two years in the odd-numbered years. The Council elects from its membership a Mayor to serve as its presiding officer for a one-year term. Margaret Clark, Steven Ly, and Sandra Armenta, swept the election in March 2009. In March 2011, Gary Taylor, who sat on the City Council for 37 years,[30] retired after serving his fourth term as mayor,[31] At That time, Steven Ly then became mayor and Sandra Armenta, mayor pro-tem. Polly Low was re-elected and William Alarcon, formerly of the Rosemead Planning Commission, came on board as for a second term as city councilman. In 2013 Margaret Clark, Steven Ly, and Sandra Armenta, again swept the election on March 5, 2013.[32]

City Council 2013:

  • Mayor Sandra Armenta
  • Steven Ly
  • Margaret Clark
  • Polly Low
  • William "Bill" Alarcon

Administration:

  • Jeff Allred - City Manager
  • Matt Hawkesworth - Assistant city manager[33]

Salary Schedule [1]

Geography[edit]

Rosemead is located at 34°4′N 118°5′W / 34.067°N 118.083°W / 34.067; -118.083 (34.070, -118.082).[34]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.2 square miles (13 km2). 5.2 square miles (13 km2) of it is land and 0.19% is water.

The city is bordered to the north by San Gabriel and Temple City, to the east by El Monte, and South El Monte, to the south by the unincorporated area of South San Gabriel and Montebello and to the west by San Gabriel and Monterey Park.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Before December 2012, Rosemead was located in California's 32nd congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D +17.[35] Currently, Rosemead is located in California's 27th congressional district and is represented by Judy Chu in the United States House of Representatives since 2009.

Located in California's 24th State Senate district and 49th State Assembly district, Rosemead is represented by Democrats Edward Hernandez and Ed Chau respectively in the State Legislature.

The Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department (LASD) operates the Temple Station in Temple City, serving Rosemead.[36]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Monrovia Health Center in Monrovia, serving Rosemead.[37]

Education[edit]

Rosemead is served by two elementary school districts: Garvey School District and Rosemead School District. Each of these districts overlaps with a high school district; the former overlaps with the Alhambra Unified School District and the latter overlaps with a portion of the El Monte Union High School District.

There is one public high school--Rosemead High School—in the city and three public middle schools: Muscatel Middle School, Richard Garvey Intermediate School and Roger W. Temple Intermediate School. Don Bosco Technical Institute, a private high school, is also in Rosemead.

University of the West has been located in Rosemead since 1996. The Buddhist-founded campus is located at 1409 N. Walnut Grove Ave. UWest is Rosemead's only Western Association of Schools and Colleges accredited campus.

Places of interest[edit]

The Dinsmoor Heritage House is a bijou museum that houses, preserves and displays a showcase of the colorful and rich history of the City of Rosemead. Once a private home, it was built in the late 1920s by Adelberrt Dinsmoor, son of one of Rosemead's pioneers, Raphael Dinsmoor. Currently closed to undergoing refurbishing, it will again conduct monthly tours and host a variety of special events when completed. It is located at 9642 Steele Street.[38]

The Marinelli Stadium, named in memory of Rod Marinelli, formerly the head coach of the Detroit Lions, is located at Rosemead High School. "Rod Marinelli Stadium" appears in lights above the scoreboard and an encrypted bronze marker is placed at the southern edge of the field on a large stone.[39]

There are two community centers in Rosemead that offer multi-purpose facilities for a large variety of occasions as well as senior activities, adult education programs, youth and adult classes, as well as two preschools.[38]

The city has completed a complete renovation, from the ground up,at both city aquatic centers. Rosemead Aquatic Center, located in Rosemead Park, features swim, water polo and diving facilities as well as swim classes and recreation areas. Garvey Aquatic Center is now a state of the art recreational aquatic facility featuring water slides, interactive play areas and a lesson pool. Showers at both pools have been updated for resource efficiency. The city completed these plans on schedule for the summer of 2011.[40] Garvey Aquatic Center was funded entirely through a grant from the State of California. Rosemead Aquatic Center was funded by bond proceeds.[41]

City parks[edit]

Garvey Park offers a number of shelters with barbecues for picnics. It features a gymnasium, baseball/softball diamonds, two playgrounds, restrooms, and lighted tennis courts. Tennis courts are available to the community on a first-come, first-served basis. Located at 7933 Emerson Place.

Rosemead Park and 1/2-Mile Fitness Trail located at 4343 Encinita Avenue. It is Rosemead's largest park and includes the new swimming pool, three playground areas, a number of picnic shelters with barbecues, two lighted softball/baseball fields, restroom facilities, a 1/2-mile trail, and expansive open space. Picnic shelters are offered on a first-come, first-served basis.

Klingerman Park, located at 8800 Klingerman Avenue, has picnic facilities, a playground, and a baseball field.

Sally Tanner Park, at 8343 E Mission Drive, is complete with open space, a playground, gazebo, and restroom facility.

Zapopan Park, at 3018 N. Charlotte Avenue, provides 7 acres of green space with picnic shelters, an outdoor basketball court, and 2 playgrounds.

Rosemead spokeswoman Aileen Flores said that in June 2011, city officials dedicated a future park site to honor six-time mayor, the late Jay Imperial. Jay Imperial Park will be situated in the Southern California Edison right of way near Garvalia Avenue and San Gabriel Boulevard. Construction on the park will begin in 2012.[42]

Savannah Pioneer Cemetery[edit]

Before the Civil War, many Southern families settled in El Monte, then called Lexington. The community of Rosemead, then called Savannah,[citation needed] is located adjacent to El Monte and is situated above the water table. The slightly elevated land made it the logical alternative as the burial site for residents of swampy Lexington. The first known burial was in 1846, five years before most of the settlers arrived. Today the 41/2 acre cemetery, with 200 plots remaining of its original 3,000, is privately owned by the El Monte Cemetery Association. When the City of Rosemead started to widen Valley Boulevard in the 1920s, construction crews unearthed dozens of corpses outside the fence of the cemetery. The majority of the skeletons were reburied in a mass grave inside the cemetery proper, but some were so deteriorated that the workers left them undisturbed and simply paved over them so that there are more graves scattered under Valley Boulevard and beneath adjacent area businesses. The area also was a Native American burial ground before the bodies of settlers filled the cemetery.[43] Savannah Pioneer Cemetery is located at the intersection of Mission Dr. and Valley Blvd.[44] It is reputed to be the oldest Protestant cemetery in Los Angeles County.[45] The El Monte Cemetery Association, incorporated in 1920, is responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of the cemetery. The association's funding comes from private donations and fundraising activities.[43]

Shopping[edit]

A small portion of the Montebello Town Center is actually located within Rosemead city limits. It features major department stores, smaller shops and a small food court. The boundary line between Montebello and Rosemead runs through the eastern end of the shopping mall.[46] Policing is provided by the City of Montebello.

There is an Asian shopping center on Garvey Blvd in Rosemead, formerly The Diamond Square Shopping Center, featuring many restaurants and many Chinese shops. Nearby is The Square Supermarket featuring Korean and Vietnamese foods.[47] Rosemead Square Shopping Center is located on Rosemead Boulevard near the South El Monte and El Monte city limits.[48]

Salary schedule, City officials[edit]

In light of the recent scandals involving neighboring towns, Rosemead has publicly posted its salary schedule for the city officials. [2]

Notable residents[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Incorporation Dates of California Cities". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  2. ^ "Rosemead Portal > City Government > City Council". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  3. ^ U.S. Census
  4. ^ "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  5. ^ "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  6. ^ PACS | Asian Pacific Family Center | Asian Youth Center | Chinatown Service Center | Korean Youth and Community Center | Search to Involve Pilipino Americans
  7. ^ Mission San Gabriel Arcangel - History, Photos & Models
  8. ^ Lot 40: Autographs: The Revolutionary Secularization Act of 1833 Broadside Signed in Type by President Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna (CALIFORNIA) Rare Early - Early American | A...
  9. ^ Ogden Hoffman, 1862, Reports of Land Cases Determined in the United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Numa Hubert, San Francisco
  10. ^ Juan Matias Sanchez
  11. ^ a b c City of Rosemead : Rosemead History
  12. ^ http://www.airfields-freeman.com/CA/Airfields_CA_LA_E.htm#rosemead
  13. ^ http://www.google.com/search?q=Sargent+Fletcher+Aviation%2C+Rosemead&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:en-US:official&client=firefox-a
  14. ^ a b c Our View: Low, Alarcon for Rosemead City Council - Whittier Daily News
  15. ^ "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  16. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  17. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0662896.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0662896.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ "Asian", Mapping L.A., Los Angeles Times
  21. ^ http://www.code2high.com/#4
  22. ^ Rosemead Ambulance Services | Ambulance Services in Rosemead, CA - YP.com
  23. ^ Los Angeles County Sheriff's Dept. - Temple Station
  24. ^ USPages - Edison International - the best of US business
  25. ^ SCE - Search Results
  26. ^ Academics « Biola University
  27. ^ "Corporate Fact Sheet." Panda Restaurant Group. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  28. ^ "Contact Us." Huy Fong Foods. Retrieved on February 26, 2010.
  29. ^ City of Rosemead CAFR
  30. ^ Articles regarding the City of Rosemead, California
  31. ^ http://www.mercurynews.com/california/ci_17570639
  32. ^ http://www.sgvtribune.com/news/ci_22726741/rosemead-city-council-incumbents-path-reelection
  33. ^ http://www.cityofrosemead.org/index.aspx?page=232
  34. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  35. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  36. ^ "Temple Station." Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department. Retrieved on January 21, 2010.
  37. ^ "Monrovia Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 27, 2010.
  38. ^ a b City of Rosemead : City Facilities
  39. ^ Marinelli Stadium - Rosemead
  40. ^ City of Rosemead : City News : Rosemead and Garvey Pool Bid Packets
  41. ^ http://www.cityofrosemead.org/index.aspx?page=396
  42. ^ http://www.sgvtribune.com/news/ci_18555138
  43. ^ a b California Saving Graves
  44. ^ http://savannahpioneercem.blogspot.com/ savannahpioneercem.blogspot.com
  45. ^ http://www.scgsgenealogy.com/savannah-cem.htm scgsgenealogy.com
  46. ^ The Shops at Montebello - Montebello, CA
  47. ^ The Square Shopping Center - Rosemead, CA
  48. ^ http://www.beachcalifornia.com/shopmall.html beachcalifornia.com

External links[edit]