Rosengård

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For the women's football team, see FC Rosengård. For the men's football team, see FC Rosengård 1917.

Rosengård (literally "Rose Manor") was a city district (Swedish: stadsdel) in the center of Malmö Municipality, Sweden. On 1 July 2013, it was merged with Husie, forming Öster.[1] In 2012, Rosengård had a population of 23,563 of the municipality's 307,758.[2] Its area was 332 hectares.[3]

Rosengård is often incorrectly referred to as a suburb, although the area is located centrally in Malmö, neighbouring the former city district Centrum. Long a destination for immigrants, 86% of the population had some foreign ancestry in 2008.[4]

History[edit]

Most of Rosengård was built between 1967 and 1972 as a part of the Million Programme although some parts, such as the mansion in Herrgården, and Östra kyrkogården, are older. Rosengård is to a high degree populated by minorities. In 1972, the percentage of immigrants was around 18%, with the majority of inhabitants being working-class people from rural Sweden. Since 1974, there has been a "white flight" out of the suburb as more immigrants were assigned there. By 2012, the figure for those of "immigrant background" was given as 86%.[5]

Violence[edit]

Rosengård has also been the place for several violent clashes between gangs[6] and between local youths and authorities.[7] Fire crews and ambulance personnel have also been threatened and attacked, as well as the police.

In December 2008, riots occurred as youngsters confronted the police in which cars, wagons, kiosks, building sheds, recycling stations, and bicycle sheds were set ablaze. The background to the riots was the eviction of a local mosque. The riot was the most violent yet seen in a suburb in Sweden. The riot finally ended when police forces from Gothenburg and Stockholm were sent in.[8]

Film[edit]

The 2005 documentary ”Utan gränser – en film om idrott och integration” (Without Borders - A Film About Sports and Integration) was shot in Rosengård, and is a film described by Swedish newspaper Aftonbladet as "a documentary on how to succeed with integration" of migrants into Swedish society.[9] Osama Krayem, one of the protagonists, later went on to become one of the 2016 Brussels bombings perpetrators.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Neighbourhoods before July 2013.

The neighbourhoods of Rosengård were:

Malmö Mosque is located nearby. It is situated a few hundred metres from the church in Västra Skrävlinge.

Rosengård Centrum is a shopping mall with several stores, including one of Sweden's largest grocery stores (City Gross). Zlatan Court, a football field sponsored by the football player Zlatan Ibrahimović, is situated in the area too.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.
1961 5,250
1971 23,112
1981 18,006
2001 21,027
2004 21,526
2007 21,955
2011 23,653
2012 23,563

In 2007, 60% were born outside of Sweden.[10] In 2008, 86% of the population was of foreign background.[4]

The ten largest groups of foreign-born persons in 2010 were:[11]

  1. Iraq Iraq (2,957)
  2. Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Former Yugoslavia (2,172)
  3. Lebanon Lebanon (1,370)
  4. Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina (1,211)
  5. Somalia Somalia (550)
  6. Denmark Denmark (541)
  7. Poland Poland (475)
  8. Afghanistan Afghanistan (406)
  9. Turkey Turkey (357)
  10. Pakistan Pakistan (230)

Social issues[edit]

Unemployment and education are two major issues in the area. Only 38% of the population in Rosengård are employed and 60% complete elementary school, compared to a city-wide average (inclusive Rosengård) of 80%, indicating that in the rest of the city, about 100% finish elementary school. [4]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nystart för ett bättre Malmö". Malmö Municipality (in Swedish). 27 June 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Befolkningsbokslut Malmö 2012" (PDF). Malmö Municipality (in Swedish). 17 June 2013. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "Blad1 (Areal)". Malmö Municipality (in Swedish). Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c "Herrgården - värst utsatta området i Rosengård". Dagens Nyheter. 20 December 2008. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 
  5. ^ "Another side of Malmö's infamous Rosengård". The Local. Malmö. 
  6. ^ "Malmöpolisen fruktar gängkrig i Rosengård". Expressen. 
  7. ^ "Nye opptøyer i Malmö". Dagbladet. 23 November 2009. 
  8. ^ http://www.smp.se/nyheter/sverige/article1046376.ece
  9. ^ Nilsson, Christoffer; Melin, Eric (15 April 2016). "Swedish terror suspect was in movie about successful integration - Terrormisstänkt svensk var med i film om lyckad integration". Aftonbladet (in Swedish). Retrieved 17 April 2016. As an eleven-year-old Osama Krayem participated in a documentary on how to succeed with integration. 
  10. ^ http://www.malmo.se/download/18.10d69f8c11884193e5d80003762/20.ROSENG%C3%85RD.pdf
  11. ^ "Malmöbor födda i utlandet. 1 januari 2010". Malmö Municipality (in Swedish). 1 January 2010. Retrieved 19 January 2014. 

External links[edit]

  • [1] The Local item ”Rosengård: hardship and hope” on Rosengård
  • [2] BBC item ”Sweden sticks to multiculturalism” on Rosengård
  • [3] BBC item ”Fighting for Sweden's migrants” on Daily Mory Diabate