Rosenstein Palace

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Rosenstein Castle
Schloss Rosenstein
Baden-Württemberg's Coat of Arms
Baden-Württemberg's Coat of Arms
View at Night
View at Night
Location in Baden-Württemberg
Location in Baden-Württemberg
Schloss Rosenstein
Location in Baden-Württemberg
Former names Die Kahlenstein (German: The Bald Rock)
Etymology Die Rosenstein (German: The Rose Rock), for the rock it sits upon.
General information
Status Complete
Type Palace
Architectural style Classical
Location Rosenstein Park
Town or city Stuttgart
Country Germany
Coordinates 48°48′3.6″N 9°12′21.6″E / 48.801000°N 9.206000°E / 48.801000; 9.206000
Elevation 245 m (804 ft)
Named for Rose garden on the palace grounds
Groundbreaking 1824
Construction started 1824
Completed 1829
Renovated

1950–1960

1990–1992
Demolished 1944
Client State Museum of Natural History Stuttgart
Owner State Museum of Natural History Stuttgart
Dimensions
Diameter 75 m × 47 m (246 ft × 154 ft)
Technical details
Floor area 3,235 m2 (34,820 sq ft)
Design and construction
Architect Giovanni Salucci

Rosenstein Castle (German: Schloss Rosenstein) is a palace in Stuttgart, Germany. It was designed in the classical style by the architect and court builder Giovanni Salucci (1769–1845) as the summer palace for King Wilhelm I of Württemberg and was built between 1822 and 1830.

Today, the building houses that part of the State Museum of Natural History Stuttgart dealing with extant lifeforms.

Participating artists[edit]

Artists who participated in the construction and decoration of the palace were as listed below. Key to the abbreviations:

  • NLE = No Longer Exists
  • RE = Restored
  • INT = Intact

Sculptors[edit]

Status Artist Artworks
NLE Albert Güldenstein Two deer and two lions cast in bronzed zinc
INT Albert Güldenstein Two large candelabras
INT Albert Güldenstein Four small candelabra on the ramps
NLE Albert Güldenstein Small candelabra: eight in side porticos and eight in loggias
INT Conrad Weitbrecht The Four Seasons stucco frieze in the ballroom
INT Friedrich Distelbarth Artemis and Selene relief above the main entrance
INT Johann Michael Knapp Lions Gate Archway
INT Johann Wilhelm Braun Two muses
INT Ludwig von Hofer Venus of Phidias and Venus de Milo in the rose garden
INT Ludwig Mack Helios-relief on the rear façade
INT Theodor Wagner Six Muses, Small gable reliefs, four four garlands Friese, 16 medallions

Painters[edit]

Status Artist Artworks
NLE Johann Friedrich Dieterich Five ceiling frescoes in the dining room.[1]
NLE Joseph Anton von Gegenbaur Fresco in the dome and four frescoes in dome corners in the banquet hall; four frescoes in the Queen's library
NLE Gottlob Johann Gutekunst Frescoes of the barrel vault in the ballroom

Trivia[edit]

  • Before the construction of the palace, the hill Rosenstein Castle stands on was called Kahlenstein (German: Bald Rock) as it was bare of trees. Afterwards, it became known as Rosenstein (German: Rose Rock) because of the rose garden southeast of the palace.
  • Directly under Rosenstein Castle is Württemberg's first railroad tunnel.[2] Constructed between July 1844 and July 1846, the tunnel is 326 metres (1,070 ft) long[2] and was used until a new tunnel, located further east and not passing under the castle, was completed in 1915.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wenger, Michael (1995). "'Ein Meisterstück der Baukunst im ächt antiken Geschmack...'. Giovanni Salucci zum 150. Todestag. Ausstellung erinnert an den Baumeister". Schlösser Baden-Württemberg (in German). 2: 2–7. 
  2. ^ a b Mühl, Albert; Seidel, Kurt (1980). Die Württembergischen Staatseisenbahnen (in German) (2nd ed.). Stuttgart: Konrad Theiss Verlag. pp. 40–41, 264. ISBN 3-8062-0249-4. 
  3. ^ Dutt, Günter (1996). "Ein Streifzug durch 150 Jahre Tunnelbauwerke in Württemberg". Jahrbuch für Eisenbahngeschichte (in German). 28: 47–64. ISSN 0340-4250.