Rosenthal (company)

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Rosenthal GmbH
GmbH
Founded 1879
Headquarters Selb, Germany
Products Porcelain
Revenue 130 Mio. Euro (2008)
Number of employees
900 (2012)
Website www.rosenthal.de
Rosenthal factory mark around 1900.
Rosenthal-Weihnachtsteller 1921, designed by Jupp Wiertz
Plastering of raw dishes with the sponge in the Selb factory in 1956.

Rosenthal China, founded in 1879, is a German manufacturer of porcelain and other household goods. In 2009, the company was sold to the Italian group Sambonet Paderno Industrie.

History[edit]

Rosenthal was founded in 1879 as a family business. The company founder, Philipp Rosenthal, moved his porcelain painting from Werl (North Rhine-Westphalia) to Selb in Bavaria, where he industrialized in the castle Erkersreuth with his painting workshop. In 1897, Philipp Rosenthal founded the company Bauer, Rosenthal & Co. in Kronach and Philipp Rosenthal & Co. AG. In 1908, Rosenthal bought the Porcelain manufacturer Thomas in Marktredwitz as well as the porcelain company Zeidler & Co. in 1917, which later became known as the Selb-Plößberg brand railway station and today is one of two seats of the Porzellanikon complex of ceramic museums.

In 1921 the company took over the Krister Porzellanmanufaktur in Wałbrzych (Silesia). The factory was closed in 1945, but the brand was revived in 1951 and used until 1971.[1]

In the period of national socialism, Philipp Rosenthal had to withdraw from the enterprise in 1934 because of his Jewish background. The Board of Management and the Supervisory Board turned against Rosenthal and implemented various measures to prevent Philipp Rosenthal from using his voting shares in order to change the composition of the Management Board and the Supervisory Board. The Nazi Party was asked for support and sold the voting shares to persons who were not well-disposed towards Rosenthal.[2] However, the Nazi regime did not go directly against Philipp Rosenthal in order not to jeopardize the foreign business of the company. The reasonably covertly concealed Aryans took advantage of the family, and urged Rosenthal's successor to step out of the company. Philipp Rosenthal's death in 1937 finally paved the way for his grandchildren and the anti-Semitic executive committee.

In 1936, Rosenthal bought the porcelain manufacturers Waldershof and Thomas in Weidenberg-Sophienthal. Rosenthal Isolatoren GmbH (RIG) was established in 1939 with branches in Erkersreuth (Selb) and Hennigsdorf near Berlin. In 1939 the company changed to Rosenthal Porzellan AG. When the Decree on Companies of Deprived Commercial Enterprises (RGBI 1941, p. 177), adopted on March 27, 1941, forced the discontinuation of the Jewish company and brand name Rosenthal, the "Aryan" management intervened through Joseph Goebbels to continue the use of the Rosenthal brand name.[3]

With the return of Philipp Rosenthal's son Philip Rosenthal from exile and his entry into the enterprise in 1950, he won a pioneering role in the modern product design. In 1960, the Rosenthal Studiohaus was opened in Nuremberg, from which the world's first design chain was built.[4] In 1965 the uniform name Rosenthal Glas & Porzellan AG was elected and shortened to Rosenthal AG in 1969. In 1972, Philip Rosenthal founded the furniture factory Rosenthal Einrichtung in Espelkamp. The furniture factory was renamed in 2009 Philip Möbelmanufaktur GmbH and in 2013 rebranded the Fröscher GmbH & CO. KG. Rosenthal, In collaboration with industrial designers such as Raymond Loewy, Tapio Wirkkala, Elsa Fischer-Treyden, Timo Sarpaneva, Verner Panton and Luigi Colani, created an impressive series of products.[5] Walter Gropius design for Rosenthal the tea service TAC. In 1967, Rosenthal built the so-called "Glassmaker's Cathedral," a factory for the Thomas-Glassworks in Amberg. The Thomas-Glassworks was renamed the Amberg crystal glass factory.

In 1997, Rosenthal AG was 90% owned by the British-Irish Waterford Wedgwood Group. Rosenthal was the market leader for high-quality porcelain and glassware in Germany and was the world market leader in conjunction with Waterford Wedgwood. In the year 2000, the company took over the Hutschenreuther brand and Hutschenreuther-Werk B in Selb.[6]

In June 2008, the Waterford Wedgwood Group wanted to divest the Rosenthal share package due to liquidity difficulties. At this time, around 1,100 employees were employed worldwide. The company, faced with insolvency by the subsequent collapse of Waterford Wedgwood, filed for insolvency on 9 January 2009. The subsequent insolvency proceedings of Rosenthal AG were opened on 1 April 2009 by the District Court.[7] On 20 July 2009 the sale was announced to the Italian household producer Sambonet Paderno.[8] Founded on 1 August 2009, Rosenthal GmbH is an independent company of the Sambonet-Paderno Group. The Rosenthal company headquarters remain in Selb under the managing director Pierluigi Coppo.

The Rosenthal Archive, a collection of around 15,000 exhibits from 130 years of company history, were purchased by the Oberfranken Foundation on 12 August 2009 and is provided as a permanent loan to the Porzellanikon, the State Museum of Porcelain in Hohenberg an der Eger, Selb. These include nearly all product designs, from the company's foundation to today, as well as originals designed by artists such as Salvador Dalí, Andy Warhol, Wilhelm Wagenfeld and Walter Gropius.[9]

Designers[edit]

Brands[edit]

  • Rosenthal studio-line, design-oriented crockery and art objects made of porcelain and glass
  • Rosenthal classic, classic designed porcelain
  • Rosenthal meets Versace, luxury porcelain in collaboration with Versace, since 1992
  • Thomas, design-oriented use porcelain
  • Hutschenreuther, household and hotel dishes
  • Arthur Krupp, an inexpensive second line for gastronomy[11]
  • Arzberg, since 2013

Gallery[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Dieter Struß: Rosenthal. Service, figures, ornamental and art objects. Battenberg, Augsburg 1995, ISBN 3-89441-211-9 (English translation 1997).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gerhard Schmidt-Stein: Schlesisches Porzellan vor 1945.
  2. ^ Jürgen Lillteicher: Rechtsstaatlichkeit und Verfolgungserfahrung.
  3. ^ Raul Hilberg: Die Vernichtung der europäischen Juden.
  4. ^ Bernd Polster: Designlexikon Deutschland.
  5. ^ Bernd Polster: Wohndesign Deutschland.
  6. ^ Die Geschichte Rosenthals: 1997–2000.
  7. ^ Porzellanhersteller: Rosenthal meldet Insolvenz an.
  8. ^ Italiener retten Traditionshaus Rosenthal.
  9. ^ "Rosenthal-Archiv verkauft" (in German). Retrieved 2015-12-01.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Kerr, Ann (1998). Rosenthal: Excellence for All Times: Dinnerware, Accessories, Cutlery, Glass. Atglen, Penn.: Schiffer Publishing. pp. 15–20. ISBN 0764301063.
  11. ^ Andre Tauber: Rosenthal im Kampf gegen billiges Ikea-Porzellan Die Welt online, 29.

External links[edit]