The oil is extracted from the wood of Aniba rosaeodora. When it arrives at the distillery, the wood is chipped, and then steam distilled. Each tree yields about 1% oil by weight of wood. After a history of massive overharvesting and species depletion, efforts are underway to cultivate A. rosaeodora, and to develop techniques for extracting the essential oil from leaves.
Because many unrelated woods are called "rosewood", some confusion has arisen about the origin of "rosewood oil". Members of the genus Dalbergia (e.g. Brazilian rosewood-D. nigra, and Indian rosewood- D. latifolia) have never been a source of rosewood oil.
- "Chapter 4: Rosewood Oil". Flavours and fragances of plant origin. fao.org. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- Maia, José Guilherme S.; Andrade, Eloisa Helena A.; Couto, Hilma Alessandra R.; Silva, Ana Carla M. da; Marx, Friedhelm; Henke, Christoph (2007). "Plant sources of amazon rosewood oil". Química Nova. 30 (8): 1906–10. doi:10.1590/S0100-40422007000800021.
- de Almeida, Reinaldo Nóbrega; Araújo, Demétrius Antonio Machado; Gonçalves, Juan Carlos Ramos; Montenegro, Fabrícia Costa; de Sousa, Damião Pergentino; Leite, José Roberto; Mattei, Rita; Benedito, Marco Antonio Campana; de Carvalho, José Gilberto Barbosa; Cruz, Jader Santos; Maia, José Guilherme Soares (2009). "Rosewood oil induces sedation and inhibits compound action potential in rodents". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 124 (3): 440–3. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2009.05.044. PMID 19505550.