Brown was named to the Pro Bowl a total of nine times and helped the Giants win the NFL Championship in 1956.
Following the 1965 season, Brown retired, suffering from chronic phlebitis. He became the Giants' assistant offensive line coach in 1966 and was promoted to offensive line coach in 1969. He remained with the Giants organization in the scouting department for many years.
In 1975, Rosey Brown was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame, and in 1979, Brown was inducted into the Virginia Sports Hall of Fame.
In 1999, he was ranked number 57 on The Sporting News' list of the 100 Greatest Football Players.