Rosh HaNikra (kibbutz)

Coordinates: 33°5′10″N 35°6′59″E / 33.08611°N 35.11639°E / 33.08611; 35.11639
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rosh HaNikra
רֹאשׁ הַנִּקְרָה
Etymology: Head of the Grottoes
Rosh HaNikra is located in Northwest Israel
Rosh HaNikra
Rosh HaNikra
Rosh HaNikra is located in Israel
Rosh HaNikra
Rosh HaNikra
Coordinates: 33°5′10″N 35°6′59″E / 33.08611°N 35.11639°E / 33.08611; 35.11639
Country Israel
CouncilMateh Asher
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded6 January 1949
Founded byDemobilised Palmach members

Rosh HaNikra (Hebrew: רֹאשׁ הַנִּקְרָה) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located on the Mediterranean coast near the Rosh HaNikra grottoes and the border with Lebanon, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Asher Regional Council. In 2021 it had a population of 1,406.[1]


The kibbutz was established on 6 January 1949 by a gar'in of demobilised Palmach soldiers who moved there from Kibbutz Hanita, along with Zionist youth movement members and young Holocaust survivors.

It was built on land belonging to the Mandate of Palestine (UK) on the village of al-Bassa, which was depopulated in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.[2]

Original buildings at Rosh Hanikra. 1949


The kibbutz grows bananas and avocados, and raises turkeys. In 1974, kibbutz members founded a biotechnology company called Rahan Meristem, which included the first commercial tissue culture laboratory in the country. Rahan developed new procedures for large scale, in-vitro, clonal propagation of over 200 plant genera including ornamental, industrial, fruit, and vegetable crops. In the mid-1980s, in-vitro propagated banana plants became the leading product. Rahan is now a center of research and consultation for the banana industry throughout the world. A formal R&D department was established in 1991 to provide technical support. Areas of expertise include molecular and classical genetics, plant cell and tissue culture, plant biochemistry and physiology, bacteriology and industrial biotechnology. Methods have also been developed for the control of contaminating microbes, early detection and elimination of somaclonal variation, reduction of labor and fixed costs in production, etc.[3]

In the early 21st century, the kibbutz was privatized.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Regional Statistics". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
  2. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. pp. 8–9. ISBN 0-88728-224-5. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
  3. ^ Matimop, Rahan Meristem
  4. ^ Heller, Aron. [1]: Israelis Dig 'Borat,' Jokes in Hebrew. 2006-12-14. Retrieved on 2008-12-29

External links[edit]