Roshan (music director)
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Roshan Lal Nagrath
|Birth name||Roshanlal Nagrath|
|Born||14 July 1917|
Gujranwala, Punjab, British India
|Origin||Gujranwala, Punjab, British India|
|Died||16 November 1967 (aged 50)|
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Occupation(s)||Esraj player, Music director, composer|
|Instruments||Esraj , harmonium|
|Associated acts||Rajesh Roshan ,|
Roshanlal Nagrath (14 July 1917 – 16 November 1967), better known by his first name Roshan, was an Indian esraj player and music director. He was the father of the actor and film director Rakesh Roshan and music director Rajesh Roshan and paternal grandfather of Hrithik Roshan.
Early life and education
Roshan was born in Gujranwala, Punjab, British India (now part of Punjab in Pakistan). He began music lessons at a young age and later attended Marris College (now Bhatkhande Music Institute) in Lucknow under the training of Pt. S N Ratanjankar (principal of the institute). In the early 1940s, Khawaja Khurshid Anwar, programme producer/music, AIR Delhi, hired Roshan as staff artist for esraj, the instrument he used to play.
In 1948, Roshan came to Mumbai to find work as a Hindi film music director and became assistant of music composer Khawaja Khurshid Anwar in the film Singaar. He struggled until meeting Kidar Sharma, who gave him the job of composing for his film Neki aur Badi (1949). While it was a flop, Roshan emerged as a player on the Hindi film music scene with Baawre Nain, released the following year.
In the early 1950s, Roshan worked with singers Mohammad Rafi, Mukesh and Talat Mahmood. Malhar, Shisham, and Anhonee were some of the movies that he scored during the '50s. During this time he composed "Aeiri main to prem diwani mera dard na jane koyi" sung by Lata Mangeshkar for the movie Naubahaar.
He was not always commercially successful. He gave Indeewar and Anand Bakshi their first breaks in the industry as lyricists; they became two of the most sought-after songwriters in Mumbai from the late 1960s onwards.
Anand Bakshi was given his first break in 1956 by Nissar Bazmi in the film Bhala Aadmi. Roshan gave Bakshi the film CID Girl (1959), after Anand Bakshi wrote the four songs of Bhala Aadmi in 1956. Bhala Aadmi was released in 1958. Anand Bakshi and Roshan gave a super hit music film Devar (1966).
The 1960s proved to be the golden age for Roshan and his music. His ability to mould folk music with Hindustani classical music became his trademark and resulted in movie scores. During this time, Roshan gave hits such as "Na to karavan ki talaash hai from Barsat Ki Raat" and "Zindagi bhar nahi bhoolegi woh barsaat ki raat" (Barsaat Ki Raat, 1960), "Ab kya misaal doon" and "Kabhi to milegi, kahi to milegi" (Aarti, 1962), "Jo vada kiya vo nibhana padega", "Paao chhoon lene do", "Jo baat tujhmein hai" and "Jurm-e-ulfat pe" (Taj Mahal, 1963), "Nigahen milane ko jee chahata hai" and "Laaga chunari mein daag" (Dil Hi To Hai, 1963), "Sansaar se bhaage phirte ho" and "Man re tu kaahe" (Chitralekha, 1964), and "Oh re taal mile" and "Khushi khushi kar do vida" (Anokhi Raat, 1968). He composed some melodies for the movie Mamta (1966) with lyrics by Majrooh Sultanpuri, "Rehte the kabhi jinke dil mein" and "Rahen Na Rahen Hum" sung by Lata Mangeshkar and her hit duet, "Chuppa Lo Yun Dil Mein Pyar Mera" with Hemant Kumar. Devar (1966): "Aaya hai mujhe phir yaad woh zalim, guzara zamana bachpan ka"; "Baharon ne mera chaman loot kar"; "Duniya mein aisa kahan sab ka naseeb hai".
Roshan's marked speciality was the qawwali. He was known for the creation of qawwali "Nigahen milane ko jee chahta hai".
Death and legacy
- 1963 Filmfare Best Music Director Award for Taj Mahal
- "Blast From The Past: Mamta (1966)". The Hindu. 2 April 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2013.