Roshani movement

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The Rōshānī movement (Pashto: روښاني غورځنګ‎, "the enlightened movement") was a populist, nonsectarian Sufi reformation movement founded in 16th-century by the Afghan or Pashtun warrior-poet, Bayazid Pir Roshan, who is more commonly known as Pir Roshan or Pir Rokhan ("the enlightened Pir (sufi master)").[1] Pir Roshan challenged the inequality and social injustice he imputed to the Moghul rulers of the day, instead advocating an egalitarian and even communistic social system.[2] Its adherents were inducted into the order through a series of secret initiation rituals.


  1. ^ "Bayazid Ansari on Khyber.Org".
  2. ^ Bosin, Yury V (2009). "Roshaniya movement and the Khan Rebellion". In Ness, Immanuel. International Encyclopedia of Revolution and Protest. Blackwell Publishing. p. 2869. ISBN 9781405184649. Retrieved 23 November 2015.