Rosiclare, Illinois

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Rosiclare, Illinois
City
Rosiclare in 2003
Rosiclare in 2003
Location of Rosiclare in Hardin County, Illinois.
Location of Rosiclare in Hardin County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 37°25′30″N 88°20′45″W / 37.42500°N 88.34583°W / 37.42500; -88.34583Coordinates: 37°25′30″N 88°20′45″W / 37.42500°N 88.34583°W / 37.42500; -88.34583
Country United States
State Illinois
County Hardin
Area[1]
 • Total 2.12 sq mi (5.49 km2)
 • Land 1.94 sq mi (5.02 km2)
 • Water 0.18 sq mi (0.47 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,160
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 1,051
 • Density 542.03/sq mi (209.32/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Code(s) 62982
Area code(s) 618
FIPS code 17-65897
Wikimedia Commons Rosiclare, Illinois

Rosiclare is a city in Hardin County, Illinois, along the Ohio River. The population was 1,160 at the 2010 census,[3] down from 1,213 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Some of the earliest settlers of the Rosicare area were outlaws mainly counterfeiters from the Sturdivant Gang in the late 1810s-early 1820s. Rosiclare used to be the fluorite capital of the United States. Andrew Jackson, in 1835, once owned a fluorspar mine in Rosiclare. Wholesale mining of fluorspar first began in Rosiclare in 1842.[4] Mining ceased when it became cheaper to import fluorite from China, due to that nation's cheap labor. The Lead and Fluorspar Mining Company continued to process ore from mines in Hardin County but closed due to foreign competition in 1996.[5]

Geography[edit]

Rosiclare is located in southwestern Hardin County at 37°25′30″N 88°20′45″W / 37.42500°N 88.34583°W / 37.42500; -88.34583 (37.424869, -88.345810).[6] It is bordered to the southeast by the Ohio River, which forms the state boundary with Kentucky. Illinois Route 34 terminates in Rosiclare at the river and leads north 30 miles (48 km) to Harrisburg. The next Illinois community upriver (northeast) is Elizabethtown, 4.5 miles (7.2 km) via IL-34 and IL-146 or 2.5 miles (4.0 km) by river, while the next one downstream (southwest) is Golconda, 15 miles (24 km) via IL-146 or 11 miles (18 km) by river.

According to the 2010 census, Rosiclare has a total area of 2.121 square miles (5.49 km2), of which 1.94 square miles (5.02 km2) (or 91.47%) is land and 0.181 square miles (0.47 km2) (or 8.53%) is water.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 368
1890 274 −25.5%
1900 278 1.5%
1910 609 119.1%
1920 1,522 149.9%
1930 1,794 17.9%
1940 1,774 −1.1%
1950 2,086 17.6%
1960 1,700 −18.5%
1970 1,421 −16.4%
1980 1,441 1.4%
1990 1,378 −4.4%
2000 1,213 −12.0%
2010 1,160 −4.4%
Est. 2016 1,051 [2] −9.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 1,213 people, 512 households, and 328 families residing in the city. The population density was 559.6 people per square mile (215.8/km²). There were 597 housing units at an average density of 275.4 per square mile (106.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.77% White, 0.49% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.

There were 512 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city, the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 23.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,600, and the median income for a family was $32,279. Males had a median income of $26,429 versus $15,417 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,398. About 17.6% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.3% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 30, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Rosiclare city, Illinois". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2017. 
  4. ^ Bain, Harry Foster (1905-01-01). The Fluorspar Deposits of Southern Illinois. U.S. Government Printing Office. 
  5. ^ Cronk, A. H. (1930-01-01). Mining methods of the Rosiclare Lead & Fluospar Mining Co., Rosiclare, Illinois. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.