Rosiclare, Illinois

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Rosiclare
City
20030726 19 Rosiclare, IL.jpg
Rosiclare in 2003
Country United States
State Illinois
County Hardin
Coordinates 37°25′30″N 88°20′45″W / 37.42500°N 88.34583°W / 37.42500; -88.34583Coordinates: 37°25′30″N 88°20′45″W / 37.42500°N 88.34583°W / 37.42500; -88.34583
Area 2.12 sq mi (5 km2)
 - land 1.94 sq mi (5 km2)
 - water 0.18 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 1,213 (2000)
Density 559.6 / sq mi (216 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62982
Area code 618
Location of Rosiclare within Illinois
Location of Rosiclare within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Rosiclare, Illinois

Rosiclare is a city in Hardin County, Illinois, along the Ohio River. The population was 1,213 at the 2000 census.

History[edit]

Rosiclare used to be the fluorite capital of the U.S. Andrew Jackson, in 1835, once owned a fluorspar mine in Rosiclare. Wholesale mining of fluorspar first began in Rosiclare, Illinois in 1842.[1] Mining ceased when it became cheaper to import fluorite from China, due to that nation's cheap labor. Lead and Fluorspar Mining Company continued to process ore from mines in Hardin County but, closed due to foreign competition in 1996.[2]

Geography[edit]

Rosiclare is located at 37°25′30″N 88°20′45″W / 37.42500°N 88.34583°W / 37.42500; -88.34583 (37.424869, -88.345810).[3]

According to the 2010 census, Rosiclare has a total area of 2.121 square miles (5.49 km2), of which 1.94 square miles (5.02 km2) (or 91.47%) is land and 0.181 square miles (0.47 km2) (or 8.53%) is water.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 368
1890 274 −25.5%
1900 278 1.5%
1910 609 119.1%
1920 1,522 149.9%
1930 1,794 17.9%
1940 1,774 −1.1%
1950 2,086 17.6%
1960 1,700 −18.5%
1970 1,421 −16.4%
1980 1,441 1.4%
1990 1,378 −4.4%
2000 1,213 −12.0%
2010 1,160 −4.4%
Est. 2015 1,082 [5] −6.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 1,213 people, 512 households, and 328 families residing in the city. The population density was 559.6 people per square mile (215.8/km²). There were 597 housing units at an average density of 275.4 per square mile (106.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.77% White, 0.49% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.33% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.

There were 512 households out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.4% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 23.8% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 23.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 83.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,600, and the median income for a family was $32,279. Males had a median income of $26,429 versus $15,417 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,398. About 17.6% of families and 22.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.3% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bain, Harry Foster (1905-01-01). The Fluorspar Deposits of Southern Illinois. U.S. Government Printing Office. 
  2. ^ Cronk, A. H.; Mines, United States Bureau of (1930-01-01). Mining methods of the Rosiclare Lead & Fluospar Mining Co., Rosiclare, Illinois. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.