Roskill (New Zealand electorate)

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Roskill was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1919 to 1996. The electorate was represented by eight Members of Parliament.

Population centres[edit]

In the 1918 electoral redistribution, the North Island gained a further three electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. Only two existing electorates were unaltered, five electorates were abolished, two former electorate were re-established, and three electorates, including Roskill, were created for the first time.[1]

The electorate was in the western suburbs of Auckland, New Zealand.

History[edit]

The electorate was created in 1919, and existed continuously until 1996, the first mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) election, when it was included in the New Lynn electorate. The first representative was Vivian Potter, who represented the electorate for three terms for the Reform Party.[2] In the 1928 election, Potter stood in the Eden electorate as an independent but was beaten by Arthur Stallworthy.[3]

In the Roskill electorate, George Munns of the United Party won the 1928 election.[4] He was defeated in 1931 by Arthur Shapton Richards.[5] In 1935, Richards was challenged by the former representative Vivian Potter, but Potter came fourth out of the five candidates, with the incumbent winning the election.[6] In the 1946 election, Richards successfully transferred to the Mount Albert electorate.[7]

In 1999, the electorate was recreated as Mount Roskill, and was won by Phil Goff, who later became leader of the Labour Party.

Members of Parliament[edit]

The Roskill electorate was represented by eight Members of Parliament:[8]

Key

 Reform    United    Labour    National  

Election Winner
1919 election Vivian Potter
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election George Munns
1931 election Arthur Shapton Richards
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election Frank Langstone
1949 election John Rae
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election Arthur Faulkner
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election Phil Goff
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Gilbert Myles
1993 election Phil Goff
(Electorate abolished 1996; see Owairaka)

Gilbert Myles' changes of allegiance, 1990–93

 National    Independent    Liberal (1992)    Alliance    NZ First  

Election results[edit]

1993 election[edit]

General election, 1993: Roskill[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Phil Goff 7,664 39.6 -1.9
National Allan Spence 5,459 28.2
NZ First Gilbert Myles 3,530 18.2 -32.2
Alliance J K Potaka 2,260 11.6
Christian Heritage R Dunbar 355 1.8
McGillicuddy Serious J Price 82 0.4
Majority 2,205 11.3
Turnout 19,350

1990 election[edit]

General election, 1990: Roskill[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Gilbert Myles 9,132 44.7
Labour Phil Goff 8,488 41.5 -12.8
Green I G Douglas 1,287 6.3
NewLabour E Y Henry 952 4.6
Democrats D J McGee 185 0.9 -2.2
Social Credit J Ferdinand 153 0.7
Independent W E Christie 111 0.5
McGillicuddy Serious R A Foster 96 0.4
Communist League A D Drumm 12 0.05
Majority 644 3.5
Turnout 20,416

1987 election[edit]

General election, 1987: Roskill[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Phil Goff 10,487 54.3 +1.7
National R A Foulkes 8,050 41.6
Democrats D J McGee 598 3.1
NZ Party B A Murray 97 0.5
Independent A P Devicich 91 0.5 +0.2
Majority 2,437 12.7 -7.3
Turnout 22,633 88.4 -4.3

1984 election[edit]

General election, 1984: Roskill[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Phil Goff 11,043 52.6 +5.0
National C N Knowles 6,835 32.6
NZ Party B R Matthews 2,217 10.6
Social Credit E J Lye 789 3.7
Independent A P Devicich 57 0.3
Values J Ofman 34 0.2
Majority 4,208 20.0 +7.7
Turnout 23,214 92.7 +3.6

1981 election[edit]

General election, 1981: Roskill[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Phil Goff 9,778 47.6
National C A Parsons 7,253 35.3
Social Credit C W Lynch 3,508 17.1
Majority 2,525 12.3
Turnout 23,515 89.1 +19.7

1978 election[edit]

General election, 1978: Roskill[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Faulkner 9,584 48.2 +2.3
National John Banks 7,913 39.8
Social Credit David Howes 2,157 10.8
Values S P Covacich 233 1.2
Majority 1,671 8.4 +5.5
Turnout 28,774 69.4 -13.4

1975 election[edit]

General election, 1975: Roskill[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Faulkner 8,276 45.9 -12.2
National John Maurice Priestley 7,746 43.0 +12.7
Values Geoff Hansen 1,037 5.7
Social Credit B D Delamore 955 5.3
Socialist Unity George Jackson 17 0.1
Majority 530 2.9 -24.0
Turnout 21,893 82.8 -6.4

1972 election[edit]

General election, 1972: Roskill[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Faulkner 9,653 58.1 +1.3
National John Maurice Priestley 5,214 31.3
Social Credit B P Glamuzina 923 5.5
Values B V McLintlock 626 3.8
New Democratic R W H Howie 211 1.3 -5.8
Majority 4,439 26.9 +6.2
Turnout 18,644 89.2 -0.7

1969 election[edit]

General election, 1969: Roskill[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Faulkner 9,067 56.8 +2.3
National A W G Cook 5,771 36.1 +3.2
Social Credit R W H Howie 1,130 7.1 -5.5
Majority 3,296 20.7 -0.9
Turnout 17,873 89.9 +4.4

1966 election[edit]

General election, 1966: Roskill[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Faulkner 9,624 54.5 -1.8
National A W G Cook 5,802 32.9
Social Credit R W H Howie 2,218 12.6 +8.0
Majority 3,822 21.6 +1.9
Turnout 20,748 85.5 -5.7

1963 election[edit]

General election, 1963: Roskill[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Faulkner 9,207 56.3 +3.9
National T J L Tucker 5,991 36.6
Social Credit R W H Howie 749 4.6
Liberal L Rose 273 1.7
Communist R G Hegman 137 0.8
Majority 3,216 19.7 +10.8
Turnout 18,020 91.2

1960 election[edit]

General election, 1960: Roskill[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Faulkner 8,414 52.4 -3.0
National G G P Taylor 6,767 43.5
Social Credit Frank Langstone 575 3.7 +0.2
Communist E Ayo 68 0.4
Majority 1,374 8.9 -5.4
Turnout 17,080 91.8 -3.0

1957 election[edit]

General election, 1957: Roskill[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Faulkner 8,197 55.4
National John Rae 6,080 41.1 -12.0
Social Credit Frank Langstone 527 3.5
Majority 2,117 14.3
Turnout 15,671 94.8 +4.6

1954 election[edit]

General election, 1954: Roskill[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John Rae 7,455 53.1 +1.7
Labour E Morris 5,803 41.3
Social Credit W Sayer 783 5.6
Majority 1,652 11.8 +9.0
Turnout 15,658 90.2 -0.5

1951 election[edit]

General election, 1951: Roskill[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John Rae 7,962 51.4 +0.3
Labour P T Curran 7,522 48.6
Majority 440 2.8 -7.0
Turnout 17,126 90.7 -4.0

1949 election[edit]

General election, 1949: Roskill[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National John Rae 7,372 51.1
Labour J Freeman 5,957 41.3
Independent Frank Langstone 1,097 7.6 -43.0
Majority 1,415 9.8
Turnout 15,324 94.7 +0.3

1946 election[edit]

General election, 1946: Roskill[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Langstone 6,611 50.6
National Roy McElroy 6,456 49.4
Majority 155 1.2
Turnout 13,801 94.4

1935 election[edit]

General election, 1935: Roskill[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Shapton Richards 8,728 59.28 +20.47
United/Reform Thomas Fleming 4,705 31.96
Democrat William Clarvis 698 4.74
Independent Vivian Potter 492 3.34
Independent Liberal William Frederick Jamieson 98 0.66
Informal votes 121 0.82 +0.71
Majority 4,023 27.32 +25.96
Turnout 14,721 90.63 +8.80
Registered electors 16,242

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Roskill[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Arthur Shapton Richards 4,885 38.81
Reform William John Holdsworth[18] 4,714 37.45
United George Munns 2,988 23.74
Majority 171 1.36
Informal votes 14 0.11
Turnout 12,601 81.83
Registered electors 15,399

1919 election[edit]

General election, 1919: Roskill[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Reform Vivian Potter 4,200 44.83
Independent Reform James Gunson 2,346 25.04
Labour George Davis 1,998 21.33
Independent F W Peddle 728 7.77
Informal votes 95 1.01
Majority 1,854 19.79
Turnout 9,367 85.18
Registered electors 10,996

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 75–80.
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 227.
  3. ^ The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 2. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 222.
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 222, 230.
  6. ^ "Blomfield and Jaget Singh". The Evening Post. CXX (136). 5 December 1935. p. 5. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 230.
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 271.
  9. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1993. 
  10. ^ Part 1: Votes recorded at each polling place (Technical report). New Zealand Chief Electoral Office. 1990. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, pp. 338.
  12. ^ a b c d e f Norton 1988, pp. 337.
  13. ^ "The New Zealand Official Year-Book, 1951–52". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 19 November 2012. 
  14. ^ "The General Election, 1949". National Library. 1950. pp. 1–5, 8. Retrieved 3 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "The General Election, 1946". National Library. 1947. pp. 1–11, 14. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  16. ^ The General Election, 1935. National Library. 1936. pp. 1–35. Retrieved 3 August 2013. 
  17. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. LXVIII (21051). 9 December 1931. p. 18. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  19. ^ Hislop, J. (1921). The General Election, 1919. National Library. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand Parliamentary Election Results 1946–1987: Occasional Publications No 1, Department of Political Science. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.