Roskill (New Zealand electorate)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Roskill was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, from 1919 to 1996. The electorate was represented by eight Members of Parliament.

Population centres[edit]

In the 1918 electoral redistribution, the North Island gained a further three electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. Only two existing electorates were unaltered, five electorates were abolished, two former electorate were re-established, and three electorates, including Roskill, were created for the first time.[1]

The electorate was in the western suburbs of Auckland, New Zealand.

History[edit]

The electorate was created in 1919, and existed continuously until 1996, the first mixed-member proportional representation (MMP) election, when it was included in the New Lynn electorate. The first representative was Vivian Potter, who represented the electorate for three terms for the Reform Party.[2] In the 1928 election, Potter stood in the Eden electorate as an independent but was beaten by Arthur Stallworthy.[3]

In the Roskill electorate, George Munns of the United Party won the 1928 election.[4] He was defeated in 1931 by Arthur Shapton Richards.[5] In 1935, Richards was challenged by the former representative Vivian Potter, but Potter came fourth out of the five candidates, with the incumbent winning the election.[6] In the 1946 election, Richards successfully transferred to the Mount Albert electorate.[7]

In 1999, the electorate was recreated as Mount Roskill, and is held by Phil Goff, the former leader of the Labour Party.

Members of Parliament[edit]

The Roskill electorate was represented by eight Members of Parliament:[8]

Key

 Reform    United    Labour    National  

Election Winner
1919 election Vivian Potter
1922 election
1925 election
1928 election George Munns
1931 election Arthur Shapton Richards
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election Frank Langstone
1949 election John Rae
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election Arthur Faulkner
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election Phil Goff
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election Gilbert Myles
1993 election Phil Goff
(Electorate abolished 1996; see Owairaka)

Gilbert Myles' changes of allegiance, 1990–93

 National    Independent    Liberal (1992)    Alliance    NZ First  

Election results[edit]

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Roskill[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Arthur Shapton Richards 4,885 38.81
Reform William John Holdsworth[10] 4,714 37.45
United George Munns 2,988 23.74
Majority 171 1.36
Informal votes 14 0.11
Turnout 12,601 81.83
Registered electors 15,399

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 75–80.
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 227.
  3. ^ The General Election, 1928. Government Printer. 1929. p. 2. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 222.
  5. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 222, 230.
  6. ^ "Blomfield and Jaget Singh". The Evening Post CXX (136). 5 December 1935. p. 5. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 230.
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 271.
  9. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  10. ^ "Electoral". The New Zealand Herald. LXVIII (21051). 9 December 1931. p. 18. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.