Roslavl

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Roslavl

Рославль
View of Roslavl
Flag of Roslavl
Flag
Coat of arms of Roslavl
Coat of arms
Location of Roslavl
Roslavl is located in Russia
Roslavl
Roslavl
Location of Roslavl
Roslavl is located in Smolensk Oblast
Roslavl
Roslavl
Roslavl (Smolensk Oblast)
Coordinates: 53°57′N 32°53′E / 53.950°N 32.883°E / 53.950; 32.883Coordinates: 53°57′N 32°53′E / 53.950°N 32.883°E / 53.950; 32.883
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSmolensk Oblast[1]
Administrative districtRoslavlsky District[1]
Urban settlementRoslavlskoye[1]
Town status since1408
Area
 • Total43 km2 (17 sq mi)
Elevation
200 m (700 ft)
Population
 • Total54,900
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
50,112 (-8.7%)
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
 • Capital ofRoslavlsky District[1], Roslavlskoye Urban Settlement[1]
 • Municipal districtRoslavlsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementRoslavlskoye Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofRoslavlsky Municipal District[4], Roslavlskoye Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
216500–216502, 216504–216507, 216509, 216569
Twin townsKrychawEdit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID66636101001

Roslavl (Russian: Ро́славль, Russian pronunciation: [ˈrosləvlʲ]; Lithuanian: Roslavlis; Polish: Rosław) is a town and the administrative center of Roslavlsky District in Smolensk Oblast, Russia. It is a road and rail junction and a market town. Population: 54,900 (2010 Census);[2] 57,701 (2002 Census);[8] 60,470 (1989 Census).[9]

History[edit]

Historical affiliations
Principality of Smolensk 1137?–1408

Grand Duchy of Lithuania 1376–1515
Grand Duchy of Moscow 1515–1547
Tsardom of Russia 1547–1618
Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1618–1667
Tsardom of Russia 1667–1721
Russia Russian Empire 1721–1917
Russia Russian Republic 1917
Soviet Russia 1919–1922
 Soviet Union 1922–1991

Russia Russian Federation 1991–present

Roslavl was founded as Rostislavl in the 1130s or 1140s. The name is likely due to Prince Rostislav of Smolensk, who was the founder of the fortress. It belonged to the Principality of Smolensk.[10] The area belonged intermittently to the Principality of Smolensk and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. In 1376, Roslavl was transferred to Lithuania and became the center of a principality. It was chartered under Lithuanian rule in 1408. In 1515, it was conquered by the Grand Duchy of Moscow, but in 1618 transferred to Poland. Under Polish-Lithuanian rule Roslavl was part of the Smolensk Voivodeship. In 1667, according to the Truce of Andrusovo, Roslavl was transferred back to Russia. During all this period, it was a fortress at the border, and the fortifications were extensively used. The last time they were in use in 1706, during the Great Northern War. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Smolensk Governorate and remained there until 1929, with the exception of the brief periods between 1713 and 1726, when it belonged to Riga Governorate, and between 1775 and 1796, when Smolensk Governorate was transformed into Smolensk Viceroyalty. It was the center of Roslavlsky Uyezd.[11]

On 12 July 1929, governorates and uyezds were abolished, and Roslavlsky District with the administrative center in Roslavl was established. The district belonged to Roslavl Okrug of Western Oblast, which had its administrative center in Roslavl. On August 1, 1930 the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were subordinated directly to the oblast. On 27 September 1937 Western Oblast was abolished and split between Oryol and Smolensk Oblasts. Roslavlsky District was transferred to Smolensk Oblast. Between August 3, 1941 to September 25, 1943, during WWII, the district was occupied by German troops.[12]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Roslavl serves as the administrative center of Roslavlsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Roslavlsky District as Roslavlskoye Urban Settlement.[1] As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban settlement status and is a part of Roslavlsky Municipal District.[4]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

In Roslavl, there are enterprises producing parts for trucks, electrical equipment, and ceramics, as well as food.[13]

Transportation[edit]

A railway connecting Smolensk and Bryansk passes through Roslavl I railway station. Another railway to Kirov (Fayansovaya railway station), branches off east. The line from Roslavl across the border with Belarus to Krychaw is defunct, since traffic across the border has been halted. There is no passenger traffic along the line to Kirov.

The Russian route A130, formerly A101, connecting Moscow with the border of Belarus and continuing to Babruysk, passes through Roslavl. Another road, R120 (formerly A141), which connects Smolensk with Bryansk and Oryol, passes through Roslavl as well. There is a road between Roslavl and Yelnya, as well as local roads with bus traffic originating from Roslavl.

Culture and recreation[edit]

There is a local museum in Roslavl, exhibiting archeological, ethnographic, and art collections.[14]

Notable people[edit]

Among the natives of Roslavl were sculptors Mikhail Mikeshin and Sergey Konenkov, film director Ilya Frez, athlete Maria Itkina, as well as some ancestors of Fyodor Tyutchev.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #261
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d Law #133-z
  5. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Федеральное агентство по технологическому регулированию и метрологии. №ОК 033-2013 1 января 2014 г. «Общероссийский классификатор территорий муниципальных образований. Код 66 636 101». (Federal State Statistics Service. Federal Agency on Technological Regulation and Metrology. #OK 033-2013 January 1, 2014 Russian Classification of Territories of Municipal Formations. Code 66 636 101. ).
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Шевченко, Е.А. "Рославль: Портрет провинциального города" (in Russian). Roslavl District Administration. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  11. ^ Свод памятников архитектуры и монументального искусства России: Смоленская область (in Russian). Nauka. 2001.
  12. ^ Борис Парфенов; Ольга Хоренженкова. "К истории формирования Смоленской области" (in Russian). Смоленск. Archived from the original on May 31, 2016. Retrieved June 18, 2016.
  13. ^ "Инвестиционный паспорт" (PDF) (in Russian). Roslavlsky District administration. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
  14. ^ "Муниципальное бюджетное учреждение культуры «Рославльский историко-художественный музей»" (in Russian). Roslavl Museum of Art and History. Retrieved 7 December 2017.

Sources[edit]

  • Администрация Смоленской области. Постановление №261 от 30 апреля 2008 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Смоленской области», в ред. Постановления №464 от 27 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в реестр административно-территориальных единиц и территориальных единиц Смоленской области». Опубликован: База данных "Консультант-плюс". (Administration of Smolensk Oblast. Resolution #261 of April 30, 2008 On the Adoption of the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Territorial Units of Smolensk Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #464 of June 27, 2014 On Amending the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units and Territorial Units of Smolensk Oblast. ).
  • Смоленская областная Дума. Закон №133-з от 28 декабря 2004 г. «О наделении статусом муниципального района муниципального образования "Рославльский район" Смоленской области, об установлении границ муниципальных образований, территории которых входят в его состав, и наделении их соответствующим статусом», в ред. Закона №119-з от 30 ноября 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в областной Закон "О наделении статусом муниципального района муниципального образования "Рославльский район" Смоленской области, об установлении границ муниципальных образований, территории которых входят в его состав, и наделении их соответствующим статусом"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вестник Смоленской областной Думы и Администрации Смоленской области", №14, часть II, стр. 143, 30 декабря 2004 г. (Smolensk Oblast Duma. Law #133-z of December 28, 2004 On Granting the Status of the Municipal District to the Municipal Formation of "Roslavlsky District" of Smolensk Oblast, on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations the Territories of Which It Comprises, and on Granting Them Appropriate Status, as amended by the Law #119-z of November 30, 2011 On Amending the Oblast Law "On Granting the Status of the Municipal District to the Municipal Formation of "Roslavlsky District" of Smolensk Oblast, on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations the Territories of Which It Comprises, and on Granting Them Appropriate Status". Effective as of the official publication date.).

External links[edit]