Roslyn, New York

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Roslyn, New York
Incorporated Village of Roslyn
Main Street and Old Northern Boulevard in Downtown Roslyn, looking southeast. The famous Ellen Ward Clock Tower is at right.
Main Street and Old Northern Boulevard in Downtown Roslyn, looking southeast. The famous Ellen Ward Clock Tower is at right.
Nickname: 
"The Village"
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York
Roslyn, New York is located in Long Island
Roslyn, New York
Roslyn, New York
Location on Long Island
Roslyn, New York is located in New York
Roslyn, New York
Roslyn, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 40°48′0″N 73°39′02″W / 40.80000°N 73.65056°W / 40.80000; -73.65056Coordinates: 40°48′0″N 73°39′02″W / 40.80000°N 73.65056°W / 40.80000; -73.65056[1]
Country United States
State New York
CountyNassau
TownNorth Hempstead
Settled1643[2]
IncorporatedJanuary 11, 1932
Named forRoslin, Scotland
Government
 • MayorJohn Durkin
 • Deputy MayorMarshall E. Bernstein
Area
 • Total0.66 sq mi (1.70 km2)
 • Land0.65 sq mi (1.67 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation91 ft (30 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,988
 • Density4,632.56/sq mi (1,788.17/km2)
Demonym(s)Roslynian
Roslynite
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
11576, 11577
Area codes516, 363
FIPS code36-63770
GNIS feature ID0962929
Websitewww.roslynny.gov

Roslyn (/ˈrɒzlɪn/ ROZ-lin) is a village in the Town of North Hempstead in Nassau County, on the North Shore of Long Island, in New York, United States. It is the Greater Roslyn area's anchor community. The population was 2,770 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Roslyn was initially settled by colonists in the year 1643.[5] It was originally called Hempstead Harbor, but its name was changed to Roslyn in 1844 due to postal confusion regarding all the other "Hempsteads" scattered about Long Island.[6] The name "Roslyn" was selected as the new name, as its location in a valley reminded officials of Roslin, Scotland.[5][7]

Roslyn was incorporated as a village on January 11, 1932.[7] Its first Mayor was Albertson W. Hicks, who was unanimously elected two days later, on January 13.[8]

The former Rubel estate in the village was developed as the Roslyn Pines subdivision in the 1950s, consisting of roughly 102 homes.[9]

The Ellen E. Ward Memorial Clock Tower in Roslyn was designed by Lamb and Rich, and was completed in 1895.[10][11] It was sold to the Village of Roslyn by the Town of North Hempstead for $1 for its centennial in 1995.[12]

Also taking place in 1995 was the opening of the Village of Roslyn's current Village Hall on Old Northern Boulevard.[13]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), of which 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) is land and 1.56% is water.[14]

Topography[edit]

According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the United States Geological Survey, the highest point in Roslyn is located near Piper Court, at approximately 253 feet (77 m), and the lowest point is Hempstead Harbor, which is at sea level.[15][16][17][18]

Drainage[edit]

Roslyn is split between two minor drainage areas: Hempstead Harbor (part of the Hempstead Harbor Watershed) and Mill River (part of the Mill River Watershed).[19][15][16] The majority of Roslyn is within the Hempstead Harbor Watershed, meaning water in those areas drains north to Hempstead Harbor and ultimately into the Long Island Sound.[15][16] Meanwhile, the southwestern edge of the village is within the Mill River Watershed, meaning water in that area drains south to the Mill River and ultimately into Hewlett Bay and the Atlantic Ocean.[15][16]

Additionally, all of Roslyn is located within the larger Long Island Sound/Atlantic Ocean Watershed.[15][16][20]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen climate classification, Roslyn has a four-season warm temperate climate (type Cfa) with cool, wet winters and hot, humid summers.[21][22] Precipitation is uniform throughout the year, with slight spring and fall peaks.[21][22] (Note, the labels in the chart below are backwards; metric units should be in parentheses.)

Climate data for Roslyn, New York (1991-2020 averages, 1938-2011 extremes)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 71
(22)
73
(23)
87
(31)
94
(34)
97
(36)
101
(38)
108
(42)
105
(41)
97
(36)
89
(32)
83
(28)
76
(24)
108
(42)
Average high °C (°F) 40.4
(4.7)
42.9
(6.1)
51.1
(10.6)
61.2
(16.2)
70.6
(21.4)
79.6
(26.4)
84.5
(29.2)
83.3
(28.5)
76.0
(24.4)
65.4
(18.6)
55.7
(13.2)
45.1
(7.3)
63.0
(17.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 33.4
(0.8)
35.0
(1.7)
42.0
(5.6)
51.8
(11.0)
60.8
(16.0)
70.1
(21.2)
75.2
(24.0)
74.1
(23.4)
67.2
(19.6)
56.5
(13.6)
47.8
(8.8)
38.2
(3.4)
54.3
(12.4)
Average low °C (°F) 26.4
(−3.1)
27.1
(−2.7)
33.5
(0.8)
42.4
(5.8)
51.0
(10.6)
60.6
(15.9)
65.8
(18.8)
65.0
(18.3)
58.3
(14.6)
47.6
(8.7)
39.9
(4.4)
31.2
(−0.4)
45.7
(7.6)
Record low °C (°F) −4
(−20)
−5
(−21)
5
(−15)
13
(−11)
34
(1)
43
(6)
50
(10)
46
(8)
36
(2)
27
(−3)
17
(−8)
−2
(−19)
−5
(−21)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 3.56
(90)
2.87
(73)
4.47
(114)
3.85
(98)
3.23
(82)
3.54
(90)
3.97
(101)
4.26
(108)
4.31
(109)
4.08
(104)
3.18
(81)
3.99
(101)
45.31
(1,151)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 5.5
(14)
7.8
(20)
3.7
(9.4)
0.3
(0.76)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
5.7
(14)
23.2
(58.67)
Source: National Weather Service, Mineola 1991-2020 Raw Averages and 1938-2011 Extremes[23]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940972
19501,61265.8%
19602,68166.3%
19702,607−2.8%
19802,134−18.1%
19901,965−7.9%
20002,57030.8%
20102,7707.8%
20202,9887.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[24]

2010 Census[edit]

As of the 2010 census[25] the population was 86% White (76% Non-Hispanic White), 2.2% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 8.85% Asian, 2.6% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.2% of the population.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census [26] of 2000, there were 2,570 people, 1,060 households, and 603 families residing in the village. The population density was 4,082.2 people per square mile (1,575.1/km2). There were 1,124 housing units at an average density of 1,785.4 per square mile (688.9/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 86.81% White, 2.33% African American, 0.08% Native American, 6.15% Asian, 2.02% from other races, and 2.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.34% of the population.

There were 1,060 households, out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.1% were non-families. 37.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 18.2% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 22.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.4 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $72,404, and the median income for a family was $101,622. Males had a median income of $65,156 versus $45,221 for females. The per capita income for the village was $47,166. About 1.3% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 2.7% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

The Bryant Library in 2021.

The Bryant Library is located within the Incorporated Village of Roslyn.[27] This public library, which serves large portions of the Greater Roslyn area, frequently hosts cultural events for the Roslyn community.[28][29][30]

Government[edit]

Village government[edit]

Roslyn Village Hall in 2016.

As of October 2021, the Mayor of Roslyn is John Durkin, the Deputy Mayor is Marshall E. Bernstein, and the Village Trustees are Marta Genovese, Sarah Oral, and Craig Westergard.[31]

Representation in higher government[edit]

Town representation[edit]

Roslyn is located in the Town of North Hempstead's 4th council district, which as of October 2021 is represented on the North Hempstead Town Council by Veronica Lurvey (DGreat Neck).[32]

County representation[edit]

Roslyn is located in Nassau County's 11th Legislative district, which as of October 2021 is represented in the Nassau County Legislature by Delia DeRiggi-Whitton (D–Glen Cove).[27][33]

State representation[edit]

New York State Assembly[edit]

Roslyn is split between the New York State Assembly's 13th and 16th Assembly districts, which as of October 2021 are represented by Charles Lavine (D–Glen Cove) and Gina Sillitti (D–Manorhaven), respectively.[27][34][35] The heavy majority of the village is located within the 13th district, while small parts of the northernmost section of the village are located within the 16th district.[27]

New York State Senate[edit]

Roslyn is located in the New York State Senate's 7th State Senate district, which as of October 2021 is represented in the New York State Senate by Anna Kaplan (D–North Hills).[27][36]

Federal representation[edit]

United States Congress[edit]

Roslyn is located in New York's 3rd congressional district, which as of October 2021 is represented in the United States Congress by Tom Suozzi (D–Glen Cove).[27][37]

United States Senate[edit]

Like the rest of New York, Roslyn is represented in the United States Senate by Charles Schumer (D) and Kirsten Gillibrand (D).[38]

Politics[edit]

In the 2016 U.S. presidential election, the majority of Roslyn voters voted for Hillary Clinton (D).[39]

Education[edit]

School district[edit]

The Village of Roslyn is served entirely by the Roslyn Union Free School District.[27][40][41] As such, all children who reside within the village and attend public schools go to Roslyn's schools.[27]

Library district[edit]

The Village of Roslyn is located entirely within the service area of Roslyn's library district, which is served by the Bryant Library.[27]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

The William Cullen Bryant Viaduct (Roslyn Viaduct) connects with Flower Hill, Roslyn Estates, and Manhasset to the west.

The William Cullen Bryant Viaduct (carrying New York State Route 25A) passes through and serves as a bypass of Roslyn.[27][42] Prior to the opening of the Bryant Viaduct, 25A traveled through the heart of the village's downtown (along Old Northern Boulevard) and was notorious for its traffic jams in the area.[42]

Other major roads located either partially or wholly within the village include Bryant Avenue, East Broadway, Layton Street, Main Street, Mineola Avenue, Mott Avenue, Old Northern Boulevard, Railroad Avenue, Roslyn Road, Tower Place, Walbridge Lane, Warner Avenue, West Shore Road, and Wittes Lane.[27]

Rail[edit]

Although no station is currently located within village limits, the Roslyn station used to be located on the Roslyn–Roslyn Heights border.[42] It is now located completely within Roslyn Heights – just north of said border.[27] This station, located on the Oyster Bay Branch, is the nearest station to the village.[27]

Furthermore, the Oyster Bay Branch forms much of the village's eastern border.[27]

Bus[edit]

As of October 2021, the Village of Roslyn is served by the n20H, n21, and n23 bus routes, which are all operated by Nassau Inter-County Express (NICE).[43] NICE's Port Washington Shuttle also offers limited services within the village.[43]

Utilities[edit]

Natural gas[edit]

National Grid USA provides natural gas to homes and businesses that are hooked up to natural gas lines in Roslyn.[44][45]

Power[edit]

PSEG Long Island provides power to all homes and businesses within Roslyn.[44][46]

Water[edit]

The Roslyn Water District's business office, located within the Village of Roslyn.

Roslyn is located within the boundaries of (and is thus served by) the Roslyn Water District, which provides the entirety of Roslyn with water.[27]

Sewage[edit]

The Village of Roslyn has a sanitary sewer system.[27][47] The sewage from the Village's sewer system is pumped to and is treated by the Nassau County Sewage District's Cedar Creek Treatment Plant via the East Hills Interceptor line, which connects the village's system with Nassau County's.[18][48][49][50]

Prior to having the sanitary waste treated by Nassau County's facilities, the village's sewer system expelled the sanitary sewage locally into Hempstead Harbor, contributing to water pollution problems.[50]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  2. ^ Sloam, Myrna (2006). "Timeline of Roslyn History". Nassau County Library. Archived from the original on 2008-07-04. Retrieved 2008-07-02.
  3. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ a b NY, Village of Roslyn. "Village of Roslyn, NY - About Roslyn". www.historicroslyn.org. Archived from the original on January 14, 2015. Retrieved 2016-04-17.
  6. ^ About Roslyn Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ a b Winsche, Richard (October 1, 1999). The History of Nassau County Community Place-Names. Interlaken, New York: Empire State Books. ISBN 978-1557871541.
  8. ^ "ROSLYN PICKS FIRST MAYOR; A.W. Hicks Unanimously Elected by Newly Incorporated Village". The New York Times. 1932-01-14. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-10-15.
  9. ^ "Rubel Estate Overlooking Roslyn Harbor To Be Developed With 102 'Luxury' Homes". The New York Times. 1951-05-06. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  10. ^ "The Ellen E. Ward Clock Tower: The Symbol of Roslyn | Roslyn News". roslyn-news.com. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  11. ^ "Ellen E. Ward Memorial Clock Tower | Profiles | Roslyn Landmark Society". www.roslynlandmarks.org. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  12. ^ Ackerman, Ruthie (2006-10-27). "Despite Repair Hurdles, a Clock Tower Is Saved". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-07-02.
  13. ^ "History of Roslyn - Roslyn Chamber of Commerce, NY". www.roslynchamber.org. Retrieved 2021-10-11.
  14. ^ "Roslyn Village, New York Profile". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  15. ^ a b c d e "EPA – Waters GeoViewer". United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 2021-07-28.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. ^ a b c d e New York Rapid Watershed Assessment Profile – Northern Long Island Watershed. Syracuse, New York: United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2011.
  17. ^ "The National Map - Advanced Viewer". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2021-07-30.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. ^ a b "Comprehensive Plan of the Incorporated Village of Roslyn, 1996" (PDF). Incorporated Village of Roslyn. 1996. Retrieved 2022-08-03.
  19. ^ "WATER QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PLAN FOR HEMPSTEAD HARBOR NASSAU COUNTY NEW YORK" (PDF). Hempstead Harbor Protection Committee. May 1998. Retrieved 2020-06-16.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  20. ^ "Atlantic Ocean/Long Island Sound Watershed - NYS Dept. of Environmental Conservation". www.dec.ny.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-27.
  21. ^ a b "Interactive United States Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification Map". plantmaps.com. Retrieved 2020-11-07.
  22. ^ a b "World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification". 2015-01-13. Archived from the original on 2015-01-13. Retrieved 2020-11-07.
  23. ^ "xmACIS2 (Applied Climate Information System)". National Weather Service. Retrieved December 13, 2021.
  24. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  25. ^ "U.S. Census website".
  26. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Long Island Index: Interactive Map". Long Island Index Maps. Long Island Index.
  28. ^ Camurati, Amelia (2018-04-30). "Roslyn students perform at Bryant Library reception for student show - Roslyn". The Island Now. Retrieved 2022-10-05.
  29. ^ West, Teri (2019-04-30). "Bryant Library's makerspace mixes technology and arts - Roslyn Times". The Island Now. Retrieved 2022-10-05.
  30. ^ "Events on Long Island for Feb. 1-7, 2015". The New York Times. 2015-01-30. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-10-05.
  31. ^ "Board of Trustees | Roslyn, NY". www.roslynny.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-05.
  32. ^ "Town of North Hempstead - Councilwoman Veronica Lurvey". northhempsteadny.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-22.
  33. ^ "District 11 - Delia DeRiggi-Whitton | Nassau County, NY - Official Website". www.nassaucountyny.gov. Retrieved 2020-12-18.
  34. ^ "Charles D. Lavine - Assembly District 13 |Assembly Member Directory | New York State Assembly". nyassembly.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-22.
  35. ^ "Gina L. Sillitti - Assembly District 16 |Assembly Member Directory | New York State Assembly". nyassembly.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-22.
  36. ^ "NY Senate District 7". NY State Senate. Retrieved 2021-07-22.
  37. ^ "Suozzi Declares Victory In NY 3rd Congressional District Race". Huntington, NY Patch. 2020-11-17. Retrieved 2021-07-22.
  38. ^ "U.S. Senate: Contacting U.S. Senators". www.senate.gov. Retrieved 2021-07-22.
  39. ^ Welch, Will (2017-11-08). "How Long Island Voted". Newsday. Retrieved 2021-06-23.
  40. ^ "Roslyn Public Schools". 2013-02-22. Archived from the original on 2013-02-22. Retrieved 2020-09-11.
  41. ^ "Roslyn High School in ROSLYN HEIGHTS, NY | Best High Schools | US News". www.usnews.com. Retrieved 2016-04-17.
  42. ^ a b c Russell, Ellen; Russell, Sargent (2009). Roslyn. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing. p. 56. ISBN 978-0-7385-6505-7. LCCN 2008942609.
  43. ^ a b "Nassau Inter-County Express - Maps and Schedules". nicebus.com. Retrieved 2020-08-10.
  44. ^ a b "Long Island Utility Information - LIPA, Nat Grid, & Local Water Authorities". LongIsland.com. Retrieved 2020-10-24.
  45. ^ "Natural Gas & Electricity | National Grid". www.nationalgridus.com. Retrieved 2021-07-21.
  46. ^ "Home Page - PSEG Long Island". www.psegliny.com. Retrieved 2021-07-21.
  47. ^ "Public Works | Roslyn, NY". www.roslynny.gov. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  48. ^ "Wastewater Management Program | Nassau County, NY - Official Website". www.nassaucountyny.gov. Retrieved 2021-08-06.
  49. ^ "Sewerage Map – Nassau County". County of Nassau, New York. Retrieved 2021-08-05.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  50. ^ a b Times, Roy R. Silver Special to The New York (1975-02-02). "Nassau‐Roslyn Pact to End the Discharge of Sewage Into Hempstead Harbor". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-08-17.
  51. ^ Colker, David (2015-09-21). "Deborah Asnis dies at 59; helped detect West Nile virus in U.S." Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-10-10.
  52. ^ Website, M. C. "For Younger Readers". MichaelCrichton.com. Retrieved 2021-07-23.
  53. ^ Donna Baxter. "the News-Leader". Archived from the original on May 1, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
  54. ^ Local History Collection, The Bryant Library (2021-06-21). "Frank C. Moore, Class of 1971". Roslyn Local History. Retrieved 2021-07-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  55. ^ "RUBEL RESIDENCE DESTROYED IN FIRE; $1,750,000 Loss Estimated at Roslyn, Including Jewelry, Antiques and Paintings". The New York Times. 1946-04-16. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-07-20.
  56. ^ Durso, Joseph (1999-02-12). "Whitney Tower, 75, Writer And Leader in Horse Racing". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2021-07-23.

External links[edit]