From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Rosemary (390002797).jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Mentheae
Genus: Rosmarinus

Rosmarinus [ˌrɔsmaˈrɪnʊs] is a small genus of woody, perennial herbs with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves in the family Lamiaceae, native to the Mediterranean Basin.


Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary), widespread in the Mediterranean region, and Rosmarinus eriocalyx, native to northwest Africa and southern Spain have long been widely recognized. Rosmarinus tomentosus was first recognized as a separate species in 1941. Rosmarinus palaui was first described as a species in 2002, although recognition of this species remains controversial. Recent research has indicated that while R. tomentosus forms a monophyletic group, this group is nested within a paraphyletic R. eriocalyx.[2]

Rosmarinus eriocalyx differs from the well-known herb rosemary in its smaller leaves, only 5–15 mm (0.20–0.59 in) long and less than 2 mm (0.079 in) broad, and densely hairy flower stems. It also tends to be lower-growing, often under 25 cm (9.8 in) tall and prostrate, and never exceeding 1 m (3 ft 3 in) tall (R. officinalis can reach 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in), exceptionally 2 m (6 ft 7 in), tall).


Species and nothospecies accepted by the Kew World Checklist[3]
Image Scientific name Common name Distribution
Rosmarinus eryocalix.jpg Rosmarinus eriocalyx Jord. & Fourr. Spain, Morocco, Algeria, Libya
Rosmarinus officinalis 13zz.jpg Rosmarinus officinalis L. Rosemary Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Morocco, Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, Egypt, Cyprus, Turkey; naturalized in Bulgaria, Crimea, Madeira islands, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Bermuda, Texas, central Mexico
Rosmarinus palaui (O.Bolòs & Molin.) Rivas Mart. & M.J.Costa
Rosmarinus tomentosus13.jpg Rosmarinus tomentosus Hub.-Mor. & Maire southern Spain

Natural hybrids[edit]

Image Scientific name Parents Distribution
Rosmarinus × lavandulaceus de Noé (R. eriocalyx × R. officinalis) Spain, Morocco, Algeria
Rosmarinus × mendizabalii flowers.JPG Rosmarinus × mendizabalii Sagredo ex Rosua (R. officinalis × R. tomentosus) Granada region of Spain


  1. ^ "Genus: Rosmarinus L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-09-10. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
  2. ^ Rossello, J.A.; et al. (2006). "Intragenomic diversity and phylogenetic systematics of wild rosemaries (Rosmarinus officinalis L. s.l., Lamiaceae) assessed by nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences (ITS)". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 262 (1–2): 1–12. doi:10.1007/s00606-006-0454-5. Retrieved November 11, 2012.
  3. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

External links[edit]