|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Open joint-stock company|
|Predecessor||Rosvooruzhenie and Promexport|
|Founded||Moscow, Russian Federation (November 4, 2000 )|
|Headquarters||27, Stromynka Street 107076, Moscow, Russian Federation|
Number of locations
|21, Gogolevsky Bvld. 119992|
|Products||Firearms, Ammunition, Accessories, Tanks, Attack helicopters|
|$12.7 billion (2012)|
|Parent||Rostec non-profit state corporation (2011-present)|
JSC Rosoboronexport (Russian: AO Рособоронэкспорт, Rosoboroneksport) is the sole state intermediary agency for Russia's exports/imports of defense-related and dual use products, technologies and services. The Rosoboronexport Federal State Unitary Enterprise (FSUE) was set up in 2000 by a Decree of the President of Russia and is charged with implementation of the policy of the State in the area of military-technical cooperation between Russia and foreign countries. In 2007, the enterprise was re-registered as Rosoboronexport Open joint-stock company (OJSC). In 2011, Rostekhnologii non-profit state corporation acquired 100% of Rosoboronexport OJSC.
The official status of Rosoboronexport guarantees the support of the Russian Government in all export operations. The Rosoboronexport State Corporation is exclusively entitled to supply the international market the whole range of Russian armaments officially allowed for export.
Rosoboronexport is ranked among the leading operators in the international arms market. The status of a state intermediary agency provides the corporation with unique opportunities in expanding and strengthening long-term mutually beneficial cooperation with foreign partners. Rosoboronexport presently cooperates with Selex ES of Italy, Navantia of Spain, Thales Optronics of France, and others.
Facts and figures
- Accounts for more than 90% of Russia's annual arms sales
- Represents intellectual and production potential of Russian Defense Industrial Complex consisting of more than 1500 research institutes, design bureaus and manufacturing plants
- Has cooperated with more than 60 countries during its 50-year history
- Central headquarters in Moscow, representative offices in 44 foreign countries and in 26 major industrial regions in Russia
- India is a major client, other leading clients include China, Algeria, Syria, Vietnam, Venezuela and recently Iraq.
Basic Trade Activities
- Export/import of military/dual use equipment and strategic raw materials
- Logistics and maintenance, delivery of spare parts, tools and accessories, special liquids, fuels and lubricants required for proper operation of the supplied material
- Technical assistance in construction of defense infrastructure, including arms manufacturing plants, airfields, depots, firing ranges, training centers, etc.
- Delivery of material, components, and parts for licensed arms production
- Retrofits, upgrades and modernization of previously supplied weapon systems
- Training of personnel in Russia and at customer's facilities
- Promotion of civil-purpose innovative technologies developed by Russian defense industries
Rosoboronexport is a legal successor of the state arms exporters existed in the ex-USSR and present-day Russia. A state intermediary agency in the military-technical area was first created on May 8, 1953, when the General Engineering Department within the Ministry of Internal and Foreign Trade of the USSR was founded in accordance with the decision of the Soviet Government.
With the scope of military industrial complex expanding, a number of new specialized export agencies were set up. By the late 1990s, there were two state intermediary companies in the country, the Rosvooruzhenie and Promexport.
On November 4, 2000, the Rosoboronexport Unitary enterprise was set up by Decree №1834 of the Russian President, Vladimir Putin, as the sole state intermediary agency for Russia's military exports/imports.
On August 4, 2006, the Bush administration imposed sanctions on Rosoboronexport accusing it of supplying Iran in violation of the United States Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000. The Russian defense ministry said the move reflected U.S. annoyance at arms sales to Venezuela. Rosoboronexport was prohibited from doing business with the Federal government of the United States from 2008 until 2010, when the U.S. lifted such sanctions in response to Russian support for a UN resolution concerning Iran's nuclear program.
On January 19, 2007, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a decree making Rosoboronexport responsible for all arms exports.
On September 18, 2008 it was reported that Rosoboronexport had agreed to go ahead with the sale of advanced S-300 Russian made anti-aircraft systems to Iran in light of the news that the United States had agreed to supply Israel with GBU-39s (Small Diameter Bunker Buster Bombs)
In 2012, Rosoboronexport was widely reported to be Syria’s main weapons supplier, but Russia maintains that its arms deals with the Syrian government are based on longstanding contracts between the two countries. Russia holds that the weapons sold to Syria are purely defensive in nature, cannot be used against civilians, and are primarily air defense installations. The refurbishment of Russian-made helicopters, and the delivery of S-300 anti-aircraft missiles caused great international attention. The US, Germany and Israel were all opposed to weapons transfers to Syria.
In July 2013, Rosoboronexport recorded $34 billion in orders for 66 countries.
The founding director of Rosvooruzhenie, appointed in 1993, was Viktor I. Samoilov. He was followed by Aleksandr Kotelkin. Sergey Chemezov was the Director General of Rosoboronexport during 2004–2007, Anatoly Isaikin came after.
- T-90 Battle Tank
- T-80U Battle Tank
- T-72 Battle Tank
- T-72 Battle Tank Upgrade
- T-55 Tank Upgrade
- T-62 Tank Upgrade
- BMPT Tank Support Vehicle
- BMP-3 Infantry Fighting Vehicle
- BMP-1 Infantry Fighting Vehicle Upgrade
- BMP-2 Infantry Fighting Vehicle Upgrade
- BMD-3 Airborne Combat Vehicle
- BTR-80 Armoured Personnel Carrier
- BTR-90 Armoured Personnel Carrier
- BTR-T Heavy Armoured Personnel Carrier
- MT-LB Multi-Purpose Tracked Technical Support Vehicles
- BTR-50P Armoured Personnel Carrier Upgrade
- KDKhR-1N Chemical Agent Reconnaissance Vehicle
- GAZ Tigr
- SA-11 Buk Missile System
- Beriev A-50
- Beriev Be-200
- Kamov Ka-31
- Kamov Ka-50
- Kamov Ka-60
- Kamov Ka-226
- Kazan Ansat
- Ilyushin Il-76
- Ilyushin Il-114
- Mil Mi-17
- Mil Mi-24
- Mil Mi-28
- Yakovlev Yak-130
- AGS-17 Automatic Grenade Launcher
- AGS-30 Automatic Grenade Launcher
- SHME Rocket Flamethrower
- RPG-7V1 Portable Anti-Tank Rocket Launcher
- RPG-26 Anti-Tank Rocket
- 6G30 Six-Round Portable Grenade Launcher
- GP-25 and GP-30 Underbarrel Grenade Launchers
- AN-94 Assault Rifle
- AEK-971 Assault Rifle
- 6P41 Pecheneg Machine Gun
- PP-2000 Sub-machine Gun
- Krasnoukhov, Sergei (2011-09-23). "Rosoboronexport says India remains Russia's largest strategic partner". Ria Novosti. Retrieved 2012-06-08.
- Meyer, Henry (2012-06-08). "Russian Trader Rosoboronexport Bids To Sell Ammunition To U.S.". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- Putin Putin taps state company as sole weapons exporter (The Globe and Mail)
- Kramer, Andrew E. (2007-07-08). "The Kremlin Flexes, and a Tycoon Reels". NY Times. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- "High Tech". Kommersant. 2007-06-20.
- "Russia to equip Iran with 'game changer'?". Press TV. 2008-09-21.
- "US plans to sell Israel 1,000 bunker-buster bombs". Associated Press. 2008-09-21. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008.
- "Russia, Iran Negotiate Antiaircraft Means". Prensa Latina. 2008-09-18.
- "US and Germany urge Russia not to arm Syria military". BBC News. 2013-05-31.
- David R. Stone, "Rosvooruzhenie and Russia's Return to the Global Arms Market," in Perspectives on Political and Economic Transformations after Communism (New York, 1997), pp. 77–90.