Ross Masood

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Ross Masood
Ross Masood, (right) with Sulaiman Nadwi (center) and Muhammad Iqbal (left) in Afghanistan
Born15 February 1889
Died30 July 1937(1937-07-30) (aged 48)
RelativesSyed Ahmed Khan (grandfather)

Syed Sir Ross Masood bin Mahmood Khan (15 February 1889 – 30 July 1937), was the Vice-Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University starting in 1929.[1][2]

Early life and career[edit]

Ross Masood was the son of Syed Mahmood. His grandfather was Sir Syed Ahmed Khan.[2] He had three children: one daughter, Nadira Begum, and two sons, Anwar Masood and Akbar Masood (1917–1971). Ross Masood was educated at Aligarh Muslim University and the University of Oxford.[3]

On his return from England, Masood was elected a trustee of Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College and started his own legal practice in Patna. He then entered the Indian Education Service as headmaster of the Patna High School, a professor of history at Ravenshaw College, Cuttack (Orissa), and one of the founders of Osmania University.[3]

From 1916 to 1928, he was Director of Public Instruction in Hyderabad Deccan. In 1922, he travelled to Japan to assess its educational system as a possible model for Hyderabad. In his publication, Japan and its Educational System (1923), Masood recommended that Hyderabad follow a Japanese model of modernization and educational reform by focusing on the imperial tradition, patriotic nationalism, and freedom from foreign control.[4]

He became the Vice-Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University in 1929. He was knighted by the British Government in the 1933 Birthday Honours list.[1] Here, he introduced new courses, upgraded the syllabi and established laboratories for various science subjects.[5]

Anjuman Taraqqi-i-Urdu published a biography of Masood in 2011.[6] He was the president of Anjuman Taraqqi-i-Urdu.[7]

A residential hall constructed in the year 1969 in Aligarh Muslim University is named after him.

Ross Masood was linked to the British novelist E. M. Forster. Forster's novel A Passage to India (1924) is dedicated to Masood.[8][9]


  1. ^ a b Ross Masood on The London Gazette Published 6 June 1933, Retrieved 9 October 2019
  2. ^ a b Peerzada Salman (28 April 2014). "This week 50 years ago: Tributes paid to Ross Masood". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  3. ^ a b Syed Ross Masood - Pursuit of Excellence in Higher Education on website Retrieved 11 October 2019
  4. ^ Hanaoka, Mimi (November 2022). "Syed Ross Masood and a Japanese Model for Education, Nationalism, and Modernity in Hyderabad". History of Education Quarterly. 62 (4): 418–446. doi:10.1017/heq.2022.29. S2CID 253447706.
  5. ^ Matai-e Garan Baha Masood by Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman, Souvenir Federation of Aligarh Muslim University Alumni Association of North America, USA, 2003
  6. ^ Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman (2011), Rās Masʻūd, Naʼī Dihlī: Anjuman Taraqqī-yi Urdū (Hind), ISBN 978-8171601608, OL 25056019M, 817160160X
  7. ^ "Ross Masud – Bahaisiyat Sadr-e Anjuman Tarraqi-e-Urdu" by Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman, Hundredth Anniversary of Anjuman Tarraqi-e-Urdu Hind, New Delhi, 28 February – 2 March 2003
  8. ^ Scheherazade Alim (9 April 2001). "Forster Chacha: A Personal Reminiscence (of Ross Masood)". Outlook magazine website. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  9. ^ Forster-Masood letters / edited by Jalil Ahmad Kidwai. Karachi, Pakistan : Ross Masood Education and Culture Society of Pakistan, 1984.

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by Vice-Chancellor of AMU
Succeeded by