Rossa, Switzerland

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For other places with the same name, see Rossa (disambiguation).
Rossa
Rossa Calanca.jpg
Coat of arms of Rossa
Coat of arms
Rossa is located in Switzerland
Rossa
Rossa
Rossa is located in Canton of Graubünden
Rossa
Rossa
Coordinates: 46°22′N 9°8′E / 46.367°N 9.133°E / 46.367; 9.133Coordinates: 46°22′N 9°8′E / 46.367°N 9.133°E / 46.367; 9.133
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Moesa
Area[1]
 • Total 58.88 km2 (22.73 sq mi)
Elevation 1,089 m (3,573 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 147
 • Density 2.5/km2 (6.5/sq mi)
Postal code 6548
SFOS number 3808
Surrounded by Malvaglia (TI), Biasca (TI), Mesocco, Soazza, Cauco
Website rossa.moesano.ch
SFSO statistics

Rossa is a municipality in the Moesa Region in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. Its official language is Italian.

History[edit]

Rossa is first mentioned in 1694.[3]

Geography[edit]

Alp de Cascinarsa
Buffalora hut

Rossa has an area, as of 2006, of 58.9 km2 (22.7 sq mi). Of this area, 9.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 40.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.4% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (49.7%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Calanca sub-district of the Moesa district, after 2017 it was part of the Moesa Region.[5] It is the highest municipality of Val Calanca.

Demographics[edit]

Rossa has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 147.[2] As of 2008, 10.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -14.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Italian (84.1%), with German being second most common (11.4%) and French being third ( 3.0%).[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 50.4% male and 49.6% female.[7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Rossa is; 5 children or 3.8% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 6 teenagers or 4.5% are 10 to 14, and 2 teenagers or 1.5% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 11 people or 8.3% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 9 people or 6.8% are 30 to 39, 23 people or 17.4% are 40 to 49, and 19 people or 14.4% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 17 people or 12.9% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 22 people or 16.7% are 70 to 79, there are 14 people or 10.6% who are 80 to 89, and there are 4 people or 3.0% who are 90 to 99.[6]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 37.2% of the vote. The next two most popular parties were the SVP (21.5%) and the FDP (20.2%).[4]

In Rossa about 69.3% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Rossa has an unemployment rate of 2.22%. As of 2005, there were 4 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 3 businesses involved in this sector. 6 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 2 businesses in this sector. 8 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 4 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3][7]

year population
1683 c. 450
1773 331
1850 186
1900 181
1950 117
1980 109
1990 108
2000 132

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Rossa in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 22-Oct-2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009


External links[edit]