Rosscarbery

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Rosscarbery
Ros Ó gCairbre
Town
Exterior of pub in Rosscarbery
Exterior of pub in Rosscarbery
Rosscarbery is located in Ireland
Rosscarbery
Rosscarbery
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 51°34′40.80″N 09°01′54.12″W / 51.5780000°N 9.0317000°W / 51.5780000; -9.0317000
CountryIreland
ProvinceMunster
CountyCounty Cork
DistrictClonakilty
Population
 (2016)[1]
490
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))
Websitewww.rosscarbery.ie

Rosscarbery (Irish: Ros Ó gCairbre, meaning 'Cairbre's wood')[2] is a town in County Cork, Ireland. The town is on a shallow estuary, which opens onto Rosscarbery Bay. Rosscarbery is in the Cork South-West (Dáil Éireann) constituency, which has three seats.

History[edit]

The area has been occupied since at least the Neolithic period, as evidenced by several Neolithic sites such as portal dolmens. The area is also home to a number of Bronze Age remains, including a number of stone circles and ring forts. There are two inscribed stones in Burgatia, and several (later) holy wells nearby.[citation needed]

Rosscarbery was home to the School of Ross, a major centre of learning, at one time being a university town, and one of the major cities in Europe, around the 6th century. Due to its popularity as a centre of pilgrimage it was also known as Ros Ailithir ("Wood of the Pilgrims").[3] The hereditary chieftains of the area, or tuath, were the O'Learys, known as Uí Laoghaire Ruis Ó gCairbre, until it passed to Norman control in the early thirteenth century.[4] The entire region had belonged to the ancient Corcu Loígde, of whom the O'Learys were one of the leading septs.[citation needed]

In March 1921, during the Irish War of Independence, Tom Barry's 3rd Cork (IRA) Brigade attacked and destroyed the Royal Irish Constabulary barracks in Rosscarbery. Two RIC officers were killed in the attack, and nine others were injured.[5][6] There is a plaque on the site of the former barracks, beside the current Garda station, commemorating the event.[7]

Demographics[edit]

In the 20 years between the 1991 and 2011 census, the population of Rosscarbery grew by approximately 17%, from 455 to 534 people.[8] As of the 2016 census, the population of the town was then 490.[8]

As a tourist area, there are a number of holiday homes around Rosscarbery,[1] which results in an annual swell in population during summer months.[citation needed]

Religion[edit]

Rosscarbery Cathedral

The Church of Ireland's dioceses of Cork, Cloyne and Ross were effectively merged during rationalisation in the 1860s. The bishop of this tridiocese, Paul Colton, is based in Cork.

There is a cathedral in the town, an unusual feature for what now would be considered a sleepy country town. It is a Church of Ireland cathedral - St. Fachtna's Cathedral. St Fachtna's is the smallest cathedral in Ireland, and is the size of a typical parish church.

The Catholic church, in the diocese of Cork and Ross, is St. Fachtna's, dating from 1820.[9]

Places of interest[edit]

Collins' shop on Chapel Street in Rosscarbery at the turn of the 20th century

Square[edit]

An annual horse fair is held in the town's square every year in August.

Beaches[edit]

Rosscarbery is a tourist destination in the summertime, being in proximity to at least three beaches. The nearest of these, the "Warren Beach", is about a mile from the village, and is designated a blue flag beach, along with the nearby Owenahincha beach. Extensive coastal erosion at Warren Beach resulted in remedial works being undertaken throughout 2004 and 2005.[citation needed] Rosscarbery Pitch & Putt Club is located at the beach.

Antiquities[edit]

Bohonagh is a recumbent stone circle located 2.4 km east of Rosscarbery.[10] It dates to the bronze age and a boulder-burial is located nearby. [11]

Castle Salem is also near the town, and was the home to the Morris family from around 1660 until the early 1800s. The castle is now a guest house and run by the family who bought the castle in 1895.

Transport[edit]

Holiday cottages at Rosscarbery

The town is located along the N71 national secondary road through West Cork. Clonakilty is nearby, further along the road to Cork city, a distance of forty miles. The nearest airport is Cork Airport.

Sport[edit]

The town has a strong tradition of GAA, its local team being Carbery Rangers, founded in 1887. In November 2003, Carbery Rangers won their first ever football County Junior A title, and subsequently a Junior Munster, Intermediate County, Munster, and All-Ireland titles. The club has since graduated to the senior ranks.

Rosscarbery Rowing Club competes at regattas in West Cork and at the Irish Coastal Rowing Federation Championships each August.

People[edit]

Annalistic references[edit]

See Annals of Inisfallen (AI)

  • AI924.1 Kl. Gothbraid, grandson of Ímar, went by sea westwards and took the hostages of the south of Ireland by sea to Ros Ailithir.
  • AI933.2 Repose of Ólchobar, abbot of Ros Ailithir.
  • AI954.2 Repose of Dub Inse, learned bishop of Ireland, and of Cellachán, king of Caisel, and of Éladach the learned, abbot of Ros Ailithir, and of Uarach, bishop of Imlech Ibuir, and of Célechair, abbot of Cluain Moccu Nóis and Cluain Iraird, and of Cormac Ua Maíl Shluaig, learned sage of Mumu, and of Lugaid Ua Maíl Shempail, abbot of Domnach Pátraic, and of Cenn Faelad son of Suibne, anchorite of Cluain Ferta Brénainn.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sapmap Area - Settlements - Rosscarbery". Census 2016. CSO. April 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  2. ^ "Ros Ó gCairbre / Ross Carbery". logainm.ie. Irish Placenames Commission. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  3. ^ McNamara, Martin (2000). The Psalms in the early Irish church. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press. pp. 68. ISBN 9781850759256.
  4. ^ O'Flanagan, P. and Buttimer, C.G. Cork History and Society, Interdisciplinary Essays on the History of an Irish County, Geography Publications, Dublin 1993 p. 216
  5. ^ "Home advantage – Ronan McGreevy on Tom Barry and the Rosscarbery attack". irishtimes.com. Irish Times. 22 March 2021. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  6. ^ Leeson, DM (2011). The Black and Tans: British Police and Auxiliaries in the Irish War of Independence, 1920-1921. Oxford University Press. p. 142. ISBN 9780199598991.
  7. ^ "Old RIC barracks, Rosscarbery - Plaque image". theoldric.com. Archived from the original on 31 March 2012.
  8. ^ a b "Rosscarbery (Ireland) Census Town". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  9. ^ "Rosscarbery Parish". corkandross.org.
  10. ^ "Bohonagh". The Megalithic Portal. Retrieved 11 June 2008.
  11. ^ Weir, A (1980). Early Ireland. A Field Guide. Belfast: Blackstaff Press. p. 113.
  12. ^ 1901 census - Killorglin/Langford
  13. ^ 1901 census - Barry's father the 3rd entry (B T)
  14. ^ 1911 census - Rosscarbery/Fair Lane
  15. ^ "U20 Grand Slam winner Hodnett to debut as Munster name team to face Southern Kings". The42. 12 February 2020. Retrieved 14 February 2020.

External links[edit]