Rossendale and Darwen (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°42′29″N 2°14′24″W / 53.708°N 2.240°W / 53.708; -2.240

Rossendale and Darwen
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Rossendale and Darwen in Lancashire.
Outline map
Location of Lancashire within England.
County Lancashire
Electorate 73,443 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Jake Berry (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Rossendale, Darwen and Heywood & Royton[2]
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Rossendale and Darwen is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Jake Berry, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1983-1997: The Borough of Rossendale, and the Borough of Blackburn wards of Earcroft, Marsh House, North Turton, Sudell, Sunnyhurst, and Whitehall.

1997-2010: All the wards of the Borough of Rossendale except the Greenfield and Worsley wards, and the Borough of Blackburn wards of Earcroft, Marsh House, North Turton, Sudell, Sunnyhurst, and Whitehall.

2010-present: The Borough of Rossendale wards of Cribden, Eden, Facit and Shawforth, Goodshaw, Greensclough, Hareholme, Healey and Whitworth, Helmshore, Irwell, Longholme, Stacksteads, and Whitewell, and the Borough of Blackburn with Darwen wards of Earcroft, East Rural, Fernhurst, Marsh House, North Turton with Tockholes, Sudell, Sunnyhurst, and Whitehall.

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of two local government districts with similar characteristics: a working population whose income is close to the national average but varying reliance upon social housing in relative terms to the national average.[3] At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 3.5% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 4.2%.[4]

The borough of Rossendale that contributes to the bulk of the population has a 21.5% of its population without a car, whereas this is 30.5% in Blackburn and outside of the seat in Burnley is 32.3%. A relatively high 24% of Rossendale's population were in 2001 without qualifications and a high 25.1% were with level 4 qualifications or above. A higher share, 28.7% of Blackburn's population lacked qualifications, however 19.8% of its population had Level 4 qualifications or above.

In terms of tenure 69.6% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage as at the 2011 census across the Rossendale district; this compares to a similar 63.7% across Blackburn. Whereas in Ribble Valley to the north 76.6% of homes fall within this category, in Leeds the figure is 58.2% and in Manchester just 37.8%.[5]

History[edit]

This constituency was created in 1983 and has alternated between the two largest parties' MPs during this time; since 1997 the constituency has been a bellwether of the national result.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1983 David Trippier Conservative
1992 Janet Anderson Labour
2010 Jake Berry Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Rossendale and Darwen[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jake Berry 22,847 46.6 +4.8
Labour Will Straw 17,193 35.1 +2.8
UKIP Clive Balchin 6,862 14.0 +10.6
Green Karen Pollard-Rylance 1,046 2.1 +2.1
Liberal Democrat Afzal Anwar 806 1.6 −16.5
Independent Kevin Scranage 122 0.2 +0.2
TUSC Simon Thomas 103 0.2 +0.2
Northern Shaun Hargreaves 45 0.1 +0.1
Majority 5,654 11.5 +2.0
Turnout 49,024 66.4 +1.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2010: Rossendale and Darwen[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jake Berry 19,691 41.8 +7.1
Labour Janet Anderson 15,198 32.2 −10.7
Liberal Democrat Robert Sheffield 8,541 18.1 +3.2
UKIP David Shaw Duthie 1,617 3.4 +1.8
National Front Kevin Bryan 1,062 2.3 N/A
English Democrats Michael Johnson 663 1.4 N/A
Impact Tony Melia 243 0.5 N/A
Independent Mike Siveri 113 0.2 N/A
Majority 4,493 9.5
Turnout 47,128 64.6 +3.0
Conservative gain from Labour Swing 8.9

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Rossendale and Darwen[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Janet Anderson 19,073 42.9 −5.8
Conservative Nigel Adams 15,397 34.6 −2.1
Liberal Democrat Mike Carr 6,670 15.0 +0.4
BNP Anthony John Wentworth 1,736 3.9 N/A
Green Kenneth Graeme McIver 821 1.8 N/A
UKIP David Shaw Duthie 740 1.7 N/A
Majority 3,676 8.3
Turnout 44,437 61.5 +2.8
Labour hold Swing −1.9
General Election 2001: Rossendale and Darwen[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Janet Anderson 20,251 49.0 −4.6
Conservative George Anderton Lee 15,028 36.3 +4.0
Liberal Democrat Brian Frederick Dunning 6,079 14.7 +4.1
Majority 5,223 12.6
Turnout 41,358 58.7 −14.3
Labour hold Swing −4.3

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Rossendale and Darwen[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Janet Anderson 27,470 53.6 +9.7
Conservative Patricia Marilyn Buzzard 16,521 32.3 −11.4
Liberal Democrat Brian Frederick Dunning 5,435 10.6 −0.7
Referendum Roy Roger Newstead 1,108 2.2 N/A
BNP Andrew Wearden 674 1.3 N/A
Majority 10,949 21.4
Turnout 51,208 73.0
Labour hold Swing +10.6
General Election 1992: Rossendale and Darwen[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Janet Anderson 28,028 43.9 +5.6
Conservative David Trippier 27,908 43.7 −2.9
Liberal Democrat Kevin Connor 7,226 11.3 −3.8
Green James Edward Gaffney 596 0.9 N/A
Natural Law Peter Nicholas Gorrod 125 0.2 N/A
Majority 120 0.2 −8.1
Turnout 63,883 83.0 +2.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +4.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Rossendale and Darwen[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Trippier 28,056 46.6 −0.4
Labour Janet Anderson 23,074 38.3 +6.5
Liberal Peter John Hulse 9,097 15.1 −6.1
Majority 4,982 8.3
Turnout 60,227 80.3
Conservative hold Swing −3.5
General Election 1983: Rossendale and Darwen[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David Trippier 27,214 47.0 N/A
Labour Christopher Bernard Robinson 18,393 31.8 N/A
Liberal Michael Francis Taylor 12,246 21.2 N/A
Majority 8,821 15.2 N/A
Turnout 57,853 77.8 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "'Rossendale and Darwen', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  3. ^ 2001 Census
  4. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  5. ^ 2011 census interactive maps
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  8. ^ "Rossendale & Darwen". BBC News. Retrieved 7 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.