Coordinates: 54°5′N 12°8′E / 54.083°N 12.133°E / 54.083; 12.133
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From top: Rostock skyline, St. Mary's Church, St. Peter's Church, seaside resort Warnemünde, city hall, Warnemünde beach
Flag of Rostock
Coat of arms of Rostock
Administrative divisions of Rostock
Rostock is located in Germany
Rostock is located in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Coordinates: 54°5′N 12°8′E / 54.083°N 12.133°E / 54.083; 12.133
DistrictUrban district
Subdivisions21 boroughs
 • Lord mayor (2023–30) Eva-Maria Kröger (Left)
 • Total181.44 km2 (70.05 sq mi)
13 m (43 ft)
 • Total209,920
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes0381
Vehicle registrationHRO

Rostock (German: [ˈʁɔstɔk] ; Polabian: Roztoc) officially the Hanseatic and University City of Rostock (German: Hanse- und Universitätsstadt Rostock), is the largest city in the German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern and lies in the Mecklenburgian part of the state, close to the border with Pomerania.[a] With around 210,000 inhabitants, it is the third-largest city on the German Baltic coast after Kiel and Lübeck, the eighth-largest city in the area of former East Germany, as well as the 39th-largest city of Germany. Rostock was the largest coastal and most important port city in East Germany.

Rostock stands on the estuary of the River Warnow into the Bay of Mecklenburg of the Baltic Sea. The city stretches for about 16 km (10 mi) along the river. The river flows into the sea in the very north of the city, between the boroughs of Warnemünde and Hohe Düne. The city center lies further upstream, in the very south of the city. Most of Rostock's inhabitants live on the western side of the Warnow; the area east of the river is dominated by the port, industrial estates, and the forested Rostock Heath. The city's coastline east and west of the river mouth is relatively undeveloped, with long sandy beaches prevailing. The name of the city is of Slavic origin.

Rostock is the economic center of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and the state's only regiopolis (a city outside the core of a metropolitan area). The port of Rostock is the fourth largest port in Germany after the North Sea ports of Hamburg, Bremen/Bremerhaven, and Wilhelmshaven, and the largest port on the German Baltic coast. The ferry routes between Rostock to Gedser in Denmark and to Trelleborg in Southern Sweden are among the busiest between Germany and Scandinavia. Rostock–Laage Airport lies in a rural region southeast of the city.

The city is home to the oldest university in the Baltic region and one of the oldest universities in the world, the University of Rostock, founded in 1419. The university's hospital, Universitätsmedizin Rostock, is one of two university hospitals in the state, along with Universitätsmedizin Greifswald of the University of Greifswald in Western Pomerania.


Early history[edit]

In the 11th century Polabian Slavs founded a settlement at the Warnow river called Roztoc (*ras-tokŭ, Slavic for "fork of a river"); the name Rostock is derived from that designation.

The Danish king Valdemar I set the town on fire in 1161. Afterwards the place was settled by German traders. Initially there were three separate cities:

  • Altstadt (Old Town) around the Alter Markt (Old Market), which had St. Petri (St. Peter's Church),
  • Mittelstadt (Middle Town) around the Neuer Markt (New Market), with St. Marien (St. Mary's Church) and
Confirmation of Lübeck law city rights, 1218
  • Neustadt (New Town) around the Hopfenmarkt (Hop Market, now University Square), with St. Jakobi (St. James's Church, demolished after World War II).

In 1218, Rostock was granted Lübeck law city rights by Heinrich Borwin, prince of Mecklenburg.

Hanseatic League[edit]

Rostock University, the oldest university in continental northern Europe and the Baltic Sea area, founded in 1419.

During the first partition of Mecklenburg following the death of Henry Borwin II of Mecklenburg in 1226, Rostock became the seat of the Lordship of Rostock, which survived for almost a century. In 1251, the city became a member of the Hanseatic League. In the 14th century it was a powerful seaport town with 12,000 inhabitants and the largest city in Mecklenburg. Ships for cruising the Baltic Sea were constructed in Rostock. The formerly independent fishing village of Warnemünde at the Baltic Sea became a part of Rostock in 1323, to secure the city's access to the sea.

In 1419, the University of Rostock was founded, the oldest university in continental northern Europe and the Baltic Sea area.

15th to 18th centuries[edit]

Rostock in the 16th century
Rostock in the 17th century

At the end of the 15th century, the dukes of Mecklenburg succeeded in enforcing their rule over the town of Rostock, which had until then been only nominally subject to their rule and essentially independent. They took advantage of a riot known as Domfehde, a failed uprising of the impoverished population. Subsequent quarrels with the dukes and persistent plundering led ultimately to a loss of the city's economic and political power.

Rostock 1780–90

In 1565 there were further clashes with Schwerin that had far-reaching consequences. Among other things, the nobility introduced a beer excise that favoured the dukes. John Albert I advanced on the city with 500 horsemen, after Rostock had refused to take the formal oath of allegiance, and had the city wall razed (slighted) to have a fortress built. The conflict did not end until the first Rostock Inheritance Agreement of 21 September 1573, in which the state princes were guaranteed hereditary rule over the city for centuries and recognizing them as the supreme judicial authority; this bound Rostock for a long time. The citizens razed (or slighted) the fortress the following spring.

From 1575 to 1577 the city walls were rebuilt, as was the Lagebusch tower and the Stein Gate, in the Dutch Renaissance style. The inscription sit intra te concordia et publica felicitas ("Let there be harmony and public happiness within you"), can still be read on the gate, and refers directly to the conflict with the Duke. In 1584 the Second Rostock Inheritance Agreement was enforced, which resulted in a further loss of former city tax privileges. At the same time, these inheritance contracts put paid to Rostock's ambition of achieving imperial immediacy, as Lübeck had done in 1226.

The strategic location of Rostock provoked the envy of its rivals. Danes and Swedes occupied the city twice, first during the Thirty Years' War (1618–48) and again from 1700 to 1721. Later in the early 19th century, the French, under Napoleon, occupied the town for about a decade until 1813. In nearby Lübeck-Ratekau, Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, who was born in Rostock and who was one of few generals to fight on after defeat at the Battle of Jena, surrendered to the French in 1806. This was only after furious street fighting in the Battle of Lübeck, in which he led some of the cavalry charges himself. By the time of the surrender, the exhausted Prussians had neither food nor ammunition.

19th century[edit]

Colourful gabled houses of Rostock

In the first half of the 19th century, Rostock regained much of its economic importance, due at first to the wheat trade, then, from the 1850s, to industry, especially its shipyards. The first propeller-driven steamers in Germany were constructed here.

The city grew in area and population, with new quarters developing in the south and west of the ancient borders of the city. Two notable developments were added to house the increasing population at around 1900:

  • Steintor-Vorstadt in the south, stretching from the old city wall to the facilities of the new Lloydbahnhof (Lloyd Railway Station, now Rostock Hauptbahnhof), was designed as a living quarter. It consisted mostly of large single houses, once inhabited by wealthy citizens.
  • Kröpeliner-Tor-Vorstadt in the west, was designed to house the working population as well as to provide smaller and larger industrial facilities, such as the Mahn & Ohlerich's Brewery (now Hanseatische Brauerei Rostock). The main shipyard, Neptun, was nearby at the shore of the river.

20th century[edit]

In the 20th century, important aircraft manufacturing facilities were situated in the city, such as the Arado Flugzeugwerke in Warnemünde and the Heinkel Works with facilities at various places, including their secondary Heinkel-Süd facility in Schwechat, Austria, as the original Heinkel firm's Rostock facilities had been renamed Heinkel-Nord. The world's first airworthy jet plane prototype made its test flights at their facilities in what used to be named the Rostock-Marienehe [de] neighborhood (today's Rostock-Schmarl community, along the west bank of the Unterwarnow estuary).

In the early 1930s, the Nazi Party gained in popularity among Rostock's voters, many of whom had suffered economic hardship during the 1920s. In elections in the summer of 1932, when the Nazis achieved 37.3 percent, their greatest national showing in a free election, they polled 40.3 percent in Rostock. A year later, after the Nazi seizure of power and the suppression of other political parties, the Rostock city council (Stadtrat) was composed entirely of Nazis. During Kristallnacht on 10 November 1938, the synagogue in Rostock's Augustenstrasse was destroyed by arson and dozens of Jews were beaten and imprisoned.

Feverish rearmament by the Nazi regime boosted Rostock's industrial importance in the late 1930s, and employment soared at the Heinkel and Arado factories, and at the Neptunwerft shipyard. The city's population grew from 100,000 in 1935 to 121,192 in 1939.

During World War II, Rostock was subjected to repeated and increasingly heavy bombing attacks, especially by the British Royal Air Force. Targets included the Heinkel and Arado plants and the shipyard, but churches and other historic structures in the city centre were also heavily damaged, among them the 14th-century Nikolaikirche (St Nicholas Church) and Jakobikirche (St Jacob's Church). The ruins of the latter were pulled down in 1960.

The city was eventually captured by the Soviet 2nd Belorussian Front on 2 May 1945 during the Stettin-Rostock offensive operation.

After the war, Rostock – now in the German Democratic Republic – became East Germany's largest seaport. The state expanded the national shipyards in the district of Warnemünde. The city's population, boosted in part by resettled ethnic German refugees who had been expelled from territories in the east, increased in the GDR years to a peak of 260,000. Following the reunification of Germany in 1990, Rostock lost its privileged position as the No. 1 port of the GDR, and the city's population declined to about 200,000. However, after 2006, the population increased again. Today, Rostock and Warnemünde are significant tourist destinations on the Baltic Sea.

Since the late 20th century migrants have come to Germany from Turkey and Africa seeking work. In response to high rates of joblessness and increased levels of crime, some Germans took part in the Rostock-Lichtenhagen riots which occurred from 22 to 24 August 1992.


Historical population
Population size may be affected by changes in administrative divisions.[2][circular reference]

Rostock has a population of about 210,000 people and is the largest city in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern state. Rostock became a member of Hanseatic League in 15th century, which made Rostock a larger city. Rostock reached its peak of over 100,000 in 1935. In the East Germany era, Rostock was the largest and most important port of East Germany where many sailors and boatmen moved to this city. It also brought many harbour and other industiries to Rostock. Rostock reached its historical peak of population in 1988 with population of about 254,000. After the German Reunification, population Rostock decline due to many people who moved to former West Germany. Since 2003, Rostock's population starts to grow again due to students and new companies.

Rank Nationality Population (31.12.2022)
1  Ukraine 2,816
2  Syria 2,439
3  Poland 1,574
4  Vietnam 1,382
5  Russia 1,033
6  Afghanistan 794
7  Romania 714
8  Iran 545
9  India 465
10  Bulgaria 385



1788 historic map of Rostock, showing earlier district names
Modern Districts of Rostock


Coat of arms
Motto: Within your walls may be harmony and happiness (in Latin)

Rostock has had three different coats of arms, known as the Signum, the Secretum and the Sigillum. The Signum, which can be traced back to 1367, was developed last and is to this day the coat of arms of the city.

The Signum depicts a golden griffin on a blue background, with bars of silver and red, the colours of the Hanseatic League, below. It can be seen not only on flags and houses, and at bus stops, but also on bridges, gullies, fences, ships and restaurants.


Restored Rostock City Hall, a mixture of Baroque and Brick Gothic architecture.

Since the 13th century, the governing body of the city has been the city council (Rat), first consisting of ten, later of 24 elected aldermen (Ratsherren). The chairman of the city council was the city mayor. In the 19th century there were three mayors. Since 1925, the head of the city has borne the title of Lord Mayor. Having been elected by the city council for centuries, since 2002 this position is now elected directly by the citizens of Rostock, following a reform. If a candidate does not achieve an absolute majority in the first round, the two candidates with the most votes stand in a second round.

Results of the second round of the 2022 mayoral election.

The current Lord Mayor of Rostock is Eva-Maria Kröger of The Left, who was elected mayor in 2022 and took office on 1 February 2023.[3] She won in the second round with 58.4% of votes against senior police officer Michael Ebert, an independent backed by the Christian Democratic Union, Independent Citizens for Rostock, and Free Democratic Party.[4]

The most recent mayoral election was held on 13 November 2022, with a runoff held on 27 November, and the results were as follows:

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Eva-Maria Kröger The Left 18,885 25.3 36,546 58.4
Michael Ebert Independent (CDU/UFR/FDP) 17,598 23.6 26,082 41.6
Carmen-Alina Botezatu Social Democratic Party 12,339 16.5
Claudia Müller Alliance 90/The Greens 6,414 8.6
Michael Meister Alternative for Germany 4,812 6.5
Jörg Kibellus Independent 3,836 5.1
Jens Kaufmann Independent 3,007 4.0
Robert Uhde Independent 1,807 2.4
Karol Langnickel Independent 1,442 1.9
Holger Luckstein Independent 1,182 1.6
Niels Burmeister Independent 1,109 1.5
Rebecca Thoß German Beer Drinkers Union 669 0.9
Niklas Zimathis Independent 453 0.6
Roland Ulrich Independent 369 0.5
Matthias Bräuer Independent 312 0.4
Kai Oppermann Independent 196 0.3
Alina Kreis Independent 155 0.2
Valid votes 71,585 99.4 62,628 99.1
Invalid votes 476 0.6 563 0.9
Total 75,061 100.0 63,191 100.0
Electorate/voter turnout 171,884 43.7 171,464 36.9
Source: City of Rostock (1st round, 2nd round)
Winning party by precinct in the 2019 city council election.
Seat distribution in the 2019 city council election.

The city parliament (Bürgerschaft) represents the citizens. Representative are elected for five years. The number of representatives is currently 53. The city parliament is presided by the Präsident der Bürgerschaft, who heads and prepares the sessions and, together with the Lord Mayor, represents the city. The most recent city council election was held on 26 May 2019, and the results were as follows:

Party Votes % +/- Seats +/-
The Left (Die Linke) 58,405 19.9 Decrease 6.5 11 Decrease 3
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne) 55,616 19.0 Increase 7.5 10 Increase 4
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) 42,422 14.5 Decrease 6.0 8 Decrease 3
Social Democratic Party (SPD) 42,269 14.4 Decrease 2.5 8 Decrease 1
Alternative for Germany (AfD) 28,294 9.6 Increase 5.2 5 Increase 3
Independent Citizens for Rostock (UFR) 21,483 7.3 Decrease 0.8 4 ±0
Rostock Alliance (RB) 12,086 4.1 Decrease 0.5 2 Decrease 1
Free Democratic Party (FDP) 9,645 3.3 Increase 0.8 2 Increase 1
Die PARTEI (PARTEI) 7,373 2.5 New 1 New
Free Voters (FW) 3,790 1.3 New 1 New
New Start 09 (A'09) 2,897 1.0 Decrease 0.5 1 ±0
The Grays - For All Generations (Graue) 1,869 0.6 Decrease 0.1 0 Decrease 1
Pirate Party Germany (Piraten) 1,714 0.6 New 0 New
National Democratic Party (NPD) 1,633 0.6 Decrease 1.2 0 Decrease 1
Independents 3,779 1.3 0 ±0
Valid votes 293,275 98.6
Invalid votes 4,179 1.4
Total 102,304 100.0 53 ±0
Electorate/voter turnout 173,650 58.9 Increase 18.4
Source: City of Rostock
Geographical position of the Rostock Regiopolis

Regiopolis Rostock[edit]

Rostock is the first city region that defines itself not only as a city in its boundaries, but as a regiopolis, with a supra-regional sphere of influence. A regiopolis can be compared to a metropolis, but on a smaller scale. This is a sign for the inter-regional cooperation and economic dynamics that can be found in the Rostock area. A taskforce with different actors such as the hanseatic city of Rostock, the administrative district of Rostock, the Regional Planning Association Middle Mecklenburg/Rostock and the local business organisations are working on the promotion and advancement of the concept.[5]


Geographic location[edit]

Rostock is located nearly centrally on Mecklenburg-Vorpommern's Baltic Sea coast. The city is crossed by the Warnow.

The seaside part of Rostock, Rostock-Warnemünde, is about 16 km (10 mi) to the north of the historic city centre. The west and the southeast are the most densely populated parts of town. The overseas port is to the east of Rostock. Rostock stretches 21.6 km (13.4 mi) from the Baltic Sea to the south and 19.4 km (12.1 mi) from east to west.


Rostock has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb) with strong influence of the Baltic Sea, more similar to Denmark and far southern Sweden than to the rest of Germany. The main difference with lower Scandinavia is that the continuous landmass to the south and east enables stronger bursts of heat during summer. In spite of this, the Warnemünde station is generally less warm on the average summer day than on the northern side of the sea. In addition, the maritime influence of the Baltic Sea tempers any Arctic blasts, ensuring slightly milder winters. The Warnemünde station is located on the open sea and thus has a stronger maritime influence and slightly smaller variations than the downtown that is further inland.

Climate data for Rostock (Warnemünde), 1991–2020 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.0
Mean maximum °C (°F) 10.1
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 3.8
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.9
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −0.2
Mean minimum °C (°F) −7.7
Record low °C (°F) −17.8
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46.2
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 16.6 14.8 13.5 11.3 12.5 13.5 14.0 14.8 13.4 15.1 15.9 17.4 171.9
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 5.9 6.0 3.4 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.8 3.2 19.4
Average relative humidity (%) 84.5 82.1 79.1 74.4 74.4 74.2 74.7 74.8 77.4 80.7 84.5 85.5 78.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 49.2 67.7 133.3 207.8 260.3 250.4 252.1 224.8 168.7 109.1 53.6 37.1 1,813.9
Source 1: World Meteorological Organization[6]
Source 2: Météo Climat[7][8] Infoclimat[9]

Main sights[edit]


Panorama of Rostock from the bank of the Warnow river during the Hanse Sail
Aerial view of marina and Yacht Harbour Residence "Hohe Düne" at the Baltic Sea, close to Warnemünde.
Heiligengeisthof (Holy Spirit Courtyard).

One of the most picturesque places in Rostock is the Neuer Markt (New Market Square), with the Town Hall – that was originally built in the 13th century in Brick Gothic style, but extensively transformed in the 18th century, with the addition of a Baroque façade and a banqueting hall. The square also preserved six original, carefully restored gable houses from the 15th and 16th centuries. The other historical houses in Hanseatic style that once bordered the square were destroyed in an Allied air-raid in 1942, and rebuilt in a simplified manner.[10]

The 15th-century Kerkhofhaus (at Große Wasserstraße, behind the Town Hall) is considered the best-preserved brick Gothic house in Rostock. [citation needed]

St. Mary's Church Marienkirche, on Ziegenmarkt, is an imposing Brick Gothic church. Built in the 13th century, it was enlarged and modified at the end of the 14th century into the present cross-shaped basilica. The huge tower was not completed until the end of the 18th century. Inside there is an astronomical clock erected in 1472 by Hans Düringer.

Kröpeliner Straße – main shopping street

The main pedestrian precinct is Kröpeliner Straße, which runs east from the Neuer Markt to the 14th-century Kröpeliner Tor, a former town gate. The main buildings of Rostock University lie at Universitätsplatz, near the middle of the street, in front of the lively fountain of zest for life (Brunnen der Lebensfreude), known colloquially as Pornobrunn (fountain of pornography), for its nude sculptures.

The Kloster St Katharinen (Convent of St. Catherine), is an old Franciscan monastery founded in 1243, and extended several times during the 14th and 15th centuries. Now used as the seat of the Academy of Music and Theatre (HMT-Rostock).

The Brick Gothic Nikolaikirche (St. Nicholas Church), which is the oldest church in Rostock, was built in the mid-13th century. Heavily damaged during World War II and subsequently restored, the building is now used as an exhibition centre and concert hall, due to its outstanding acoustics.

Some parts of the medieval city wall, with four city gates, have survived to the present day. The city has a large population of herring gulls that squawk loudly most days throughout the year.


Alexandrinenstraße in Warnemünde.
Speicher (office buildings) at night. Headquarters of AIDA Cruises.

Warnemünde is the seaside part of Rostock and a major attraction of the city. Locals and tourists alike enjoy the maritime flair of old houses, a large beach, a lighthouse and the old fisherman's port.


The economy is mainly characterised by maritime industries (especially shipbuilding), high-tech industries (IT, biotechnology/life sciences, medical engineering), the University of Rostock, tourism and the service sector. Major companies include:

Maritime Industry
Other engineering
Tourism industry
  • Hanseatische Brauerei Rostock, German brewery belonging to the Oetker-Gruppe
  • Rostock University Hospital (Universitätsmedizin)
  • Yara International, supplier of plant nutrients


Historical Botanical Garden of Rostock University, greenhouse

Rostock is home to one of the oldest universities in the world. Founded in 1419, the University of Rostock is the third oldest university in Germany in continuous operation, and one of the oldest universities of the world. It also maintains a botanical garden, the Botanischer Garten Universität Rostock.

The Academy of Music and Theatre (Hochschule für Musik und Theater) offers graduate degrees in artistic fields. Founded in 1994, the institution combined Ernst Busch, the former drama school, and the outpost school of the Hanns Eisler Music School Berlin. Today, the combined school is a member of the Association of Baltic Academies of Music (ABAM), a union of 17 music conservatories at the Baltic Sea and Israel. Unique in Europe is the postgraduate degree in piano duo performance. The school possesses a large opera stage (Katharinensaal) and two chamber music halls. There are concerts every day throughout the year.

Rostock also hosts the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research and the Leibniz Institute for Catalysis, as well as two branches of Fraunhofer Institutes, one for Computer Graphics and one for Large Structures in Production Technology.


Volkstheater Rostock


The municipal theatre is the Volkstheater Rostock where the Norddeutsche Philharmonie Rostock plays.


The city is home to the annual Hanse Sail festival, during which many large sailing ships and museum vessels are brought out to sea, drawing over 1.5 million visitors.

An annual jazz festival, Ostsee-Jazz ("Baltic Sea Jazz"), takes place in June.


The Lichtspieltheater Wundervoll is the art house cinema of Rostock. It opened in 1993 and offers a daily programme in two venues, the Metropol and the Frieda 23 with three cinemas. At Frieda 23 is the Institut für neue Medien (IFNM), Rostock's Institute for New Media, which includes a media workshop. Both Liwu and IFNM are active members of the Landesverband Filmkommunikation Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Special screenings for schools, educational programmes and special programmes are offered as well. It is the central venue for Rostock's Film Festival, the Festival im Stadthafen (FISH), the German Federal Festival for Young German Film.

Museums and zoo[edit]

Walter Kempowski archives
  • Rostock Art Gallery (Kunsthalle Rostock)
  • Museum of Cultural History (Kulturhistorisches Museum)
  • Stasi Museum (Dokumentations- und Gedenkstätte der Bundesbeauftragten für die Unterlagen des Staatssicherheitsdienstes der ehemaligen Deutschen Demokratischen Republik)
  • Warnemünde Local History Museum (Heimatmuseum Warnemünde)
  • Shipbuilding and Shipping Museum (Schiffbau- und Schifffahrtsmuseum)
  • Rostock Zoo
  • Walter Kempowski Archive
  • Max-Samuel-Haus, Rostock Jewish Heritage Centre

Food and drink[edit]

Rostock manufactures its own local beer, called Rostocker Pilsner, manufactured at the Hanseatische Brauerei Rostock GmbH (Rostock Hanseatic Brewery Ltd.). The beer is well known throughout the city and is also sold in cities nearby. To celebrate Rostock's 800th birthday, a special light beer called Heller Freude was brewed to commemorate the occasion.


Ostseestadion, home ground of Hansa Rostock
Rostock Seawolves huddle in April 2023.
Club Sport Founded League Venue Head Coach Website
Hansa Rostock Football 1965 2. Bundesliga Ostseestadion Alois Schwartz [1]
Rostock Seawolves Basketball 1994 Basketball Bundesliga Stadthalle Rostock Christian Held [2]
Rostocker FC 1895 Football 1895 NOFV-Oberliga Nord (5th division) Sportpark am Damerower Weg Jan Kistenmacher [3]
HC Empor Rostock Team handball 1946 3. Bundesliga Rostocker Stadthalle Maik Handschke [4]
SV Warnemünde Volleyball 1990 3rd league (men and women team) Sporthalle Gerüstbauerring [5]
Piranhas Rostock Ice hockey 1953 Oberliga (3rd division) Eishalle Rostock Henry Thom [6]
Rostocker Nasenbären Skater hockey 2005 Inline-Skaterhockey-Bundesliga (1st league) OSPA-Arena Dimitri Kramarenko[12] [7]
HSG Warnemünde Water polo 1971 Oberliga SH-MV (3rd league) Neptun-Schwimmhalle [8]


Rostock Hauptbahnhof (main station)
Transit map of Rostock
Rostock harbour at sunset


Rostock can be reached by motorway (Autobahn) A 1 from Hamburg via Lübeck on A 20 and by A 19 from Berlin and A 20 from Szczecin in Poland.

Public transport[edit]

Rostock Hauptbahnhof offers fast rail connections to Hamburg and Berlin and from there to almost any other European city.

Rostock is served by the Rostock tramway network, with six tram lines that serve the inner city as well as the suburbs. The city is also served by an extensive bus fleet, as well as a handful of ferries that cross the Warnow.


Rostock is Germany's largest Baltic port. Rostock is also home to a large ferry port. It is a main base for ferry operators Scandlines and TT-Line, which both connect Rostock with major Scandinavian destinations. Furthermore, Rostock receives the highest number of cruise tourists in Germany every year.

Ferries leave for


The Rostock–Laage Airport offers connections to major German and international destinations; regular flights to e.g. Munich are offered. The nearest larger international airports are in Hamburg and Berlin. There are also a number of airfields for smaller aircraft, such as Purkshof.

Twin towns - sister cities[edit]

Rostock is twinned with:[13]

Notable people[edit]

Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, ca 1815
Peter Schulz, 2010
Simon Paulli, 1648
Albrecht Kossel

Public service & thinking[edit]

Science and academia[edit]

Francis Cleyn
Dörte Helm, pre-1941

The Arts[edit]

Jan Ullrich, 2016


[Jan Ullrich]] (born 1973), cyclist, Tour de France winner, won two medals at the 2000 Summer Olympics


  1. ^ Closest border point with Pomerania from Rostock in Ribnitz-Damgarten between Ribnitz (Mecklenburg) and Damgarten (Pomerania). Border constituted by River Recknitz.


  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand der Kreise, Ämter und Gemeinden 2022" (XLS) (in German). Statistisches Amt Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. 2023.
  2. ^ Link
  3. ^ "Rostock: New Mayor Eva-Maria Kröger takes office". Norddeutscher Rundfunk (in German). 1 February 2023.
  4. ^ "Left's Eva-Maria Kröger becomes the new mayor of Rostock". Der Spiegel (in German). 27 November 2022.
  5. ^ Regiopole Rostock Archived 26 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine (German)
  6. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1991–2020". World Meteorological Organization Climatological Standard Normals (1991–2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on 12 October 2023. Retrieved 12 October 2023.
  7. ^ "Climate normals for Germany 1981–2010" (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  8. ^ "Weather extremes for Rostock" (in French). Météo Climat. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Climatologie de l'année à Rostock-Warnemuende" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved 18 October 2023.
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  20. ^ "Munch Haus". (in German). Retrieved 23 April 2023.


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