Roswell B. Mason

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Roswell B. Mason
25th Mayor of Chicago
In office
Preceded by John B. Rice
Succeeded by Joseph Medill
Personal details
Born (1805-09-19)September 19, 1805
New Hartford, New York, United States
Died January 1, 1892(1892-01-01) (aged 86)
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Political party Citizens Party
Residence Chicago, Illinois

Roswell B. Mason (September 19, 1805 – January 1, 1892; buried in Rosehill Cemetery) served as mayor of Chicago, Illinois (1869–1871) for the Citizens Party.

Roswell held a high position with the Illinois Central Railroad until he decided to run to be Mayor of Chicago on a reform ticket.[1] During Mason's administration, the Great Chicago Fire occurred. Mason responded by directing General Philip Sheridan to place the city under martial law. To date he is the last non republican or democratic Mayor of Chicago

He is the namesake of Mason, Illinois.[2]


  1. ^ Gale, Edwin O. (1902). Reminiscences of Early Chicago and Vicinity. Chicago: Revell. p. 389. 
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 201.