Rota (papal signature)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the canonical tribunal, see Roman Rota.
Rota of pope Alexander III, 1175

The rota is one of the symbols used in the papal signature, found on papal bulls, composed of a cross inscribed in two concentric circles, first used by Pope Leo IX.

The four inner quadrants contain: "Petrus", "Paulus", the pope's name, and the pope's ordinal number. The current pope's motto surrounds the outer circle. The inside of the outer circle sometimes contains the pope's autograph.

The rota was also used by monarchs for the authentication of administrative documents and diplomas.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ For instance it was used by William I of Sicily (image) and William II of Sicily : Antonia Gransden, Legends, traditions, and history in medieval England, Continuum International Publishing Group, 1992, p. 184

External links[edit]