Rotherhithe (UK Parliament constituency)

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Rotherhithe
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851950
Number of members one
Replaced by Bermondsey
Created from Southwark

Rotherhithe was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Rotherhithe district of South London. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.

The constituency was created for the 1885 general election, and abolished for the 1950 general election when it became part of the revived Bermondsey constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

Rotherhithe in London 1885-1918
Rotherhithe in London 1918-49
Bermondsey Met. B Ward Map 1916.svg

1918-1950: The Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey wards of St John, St Olave, Bermondsey five and six, and Rotherhithe one, two and three.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Charles Hamilton Conservative
1892 John Cumming Macdona Conservative
1906 Hubert Carr-Gomm Liberal
1918 John Lort-Williams Unionist
1923 Ben Smith Labour
1931 Norah Runge Conservative
1935 Ben Smith Labour
1946 b-e Bob Mellish Labour
1950 Constituency abolished: see Bermondsey

Election results[edit]

Election in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Rotherhithe[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hubert William Culling Carr-Gomm
Conservative
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Carr-Gomm
General Election December 1910: Rotherhithe[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hubert William Culling Carr-Gomm 4,030 57.1
Conservative Assheton Pownall 3,026 42.9
Majority 1,004 14.2
Turnout 7,056 70.6
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1918: Rotherhithe [3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 5,639 50.0
Liberal Hubert William Culling Carr-Gomm 3,889 34.5
Labour Will Godfrey 1,750 15.5
Majority 1,750 15.5
Turnout 25,088 45.1
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Election in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 15 November 1922: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Rolleston Lort-Williams 6,749 36.5
Labour Charles Diamond 6,703 36.3
Liberal Hubert William Culling Carr-Gomm 5,034 27.2
Majority 46 0.2
Turnout 29,166 63.4
Unionist hold Swing
Richard Hazleton
General Election 6 December 1923: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Benjamin Smith 9,019 48.0 +11.7
Unionist John Rolleston Lort-Williams 5,741 30.5 -6.0
Liberal Richard Hazleton 4,035 21.5 -5.7
Majority 3,278 17.5 17.7
Turnout 29,457 63.8 +0.4
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +8.8
General Election 29 October 1924: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Benjamin Smith 12,703 60.3
Unionist C.G.L. du Cann 8,375 39.7
Majority 4,328 20.6
Turnout 29,906 70.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 30 May 1929: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Benjamin Smith 14,664 61.6 +1.3
Unionist Joseph Gurney Braithwaite 4,594 19.3 -20.4
Liberal Dora West 4,556 19.1 n/a
Majority 10,070 42.3 +21.7
Turnout 36,133 65.9 -0.6
Labour hold Swing +10.8

Election in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 27 October 1931: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Norah Cecil Runge 11,666 50.3
Labour Benjamin Smith 11,536 49.7
Majority 130 0.6
Turnout 36,111 64.3
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 14 November 1935: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Benjamin Smith 14,416 59.7
Conservative Norah Cecil Runge 9,751 40.3
Majority 4,665 19.4
Turnout 33,899 71.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 5 July 1945: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rt. Hon. Sir Benjamin Smith 9,741 79.1
Conservative Norah Cecil Runge 2,577 20.9
Majority 7,164 58.2
Turnout 18,098 68.1
Labour hold Swing
Rotherhithe by-election, 1946[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Joseph Mellish 7,365 65.0
Liberal Edward Drewett Martell 2,821 25.3
Conservative Frederick Frank Arthur Burden 1,084 9.7
Majority 4,444 39.7
Turnout 21,952 50.9
Labour hold Swing

In Fiction[edit]

The constituency is portrayed in an episode (A Place in the World) of TV drama series Upstairs, Downstairs as the safe Docklands Labour seat of "Rotherhithe East" that is unsuccessfully contested by James Bellamy for the Conservatives in a by-election in 1920. Location scenes were actually shot in Rotherhithe in January 1975 during the making of the episode. (In real life through 1920 Rotherhithe was a Conservative seat.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
  3. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  4. ^ The Times, 19 November 1946

External links[edit]