Rotherhithe (UK Parliament constituency)

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Rotherhithe
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851950
Number of members one
Replaced by Bermondsey
Created from Southwark
Rotherhithe in London 1885-1918
Rotherhithe in London 1918-49

Rotherhithe was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Rotherhithe district of South London. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.

The constituency was created for the 1885 general election, and abolished for the 1950 general election when it became part of the revived Bermondsey constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

Bermondsey Met. B Ward Map 1916.svg

1918-1950: The Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey wards of St John, St Olave, Bermondsey five and six, and Rotherhithe one, two and three.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Charles Hamilton Conservative
1892 John Cumming Macdona Conservative
1906 Hubert Carr-Gomm Liberal
1918 John Lort-Williams Unionist
1923 Ben Smith Labour
1931 Norah Runge Conservative
1935 Ben Smith Labour
1946 b-e Bob Mellish Labour
1950 Constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Pankhurst
General Election 1885: Rotherhithe [1][2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Edward Hamilton 3,327 54.3 n/a
Liberal Richard Mardsen Pankhurst 2,800 45.7 n/a
Majority 527 8.6 n/a
Turnout 72.5 n/a
Conservative win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Rotherhithe [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Edward Hamilton 3,202 60.2 +5.9
Liberal Sir William Brampton Gurdon 2,115 39.8 -5.9
Majority 1,087 20.4 +11.8
Turnout 62.9 -9.6
Conservative hold Swing +5.9

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Glanville
General Election 1892: Rotherhithe [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Cumming Macdona 3,995 59.1 -1.1
Liberal Harold James Glanville 2,765 40.9 +1.1
Majority 1,230 18.2 -2.2
Turnout 70.1 +7.2
Conservative hold Swing -1.1
General Election 1895: Rotherhithe [1][2][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Cumming Macdona 4,092 64.6 +5.5
Liberal Ambrose Pomeroy 2,246 35.4 -5.5
Majority 1,846 29.2 +11.0
Turnout 69.0 -1.1
Conservative hold Swing +5.5

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Hart-Davies
General Election 1900: Rotherhithe [1][2][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Cumming Macdona 3,938 62.6 -2.0
Liberal Thomas Hart-Davies 2,356 37.4 +2.0
Majority 1,582 25.2 -4.0
Turnout 65.8 -3.2
Conservative hold Swing -2.0
Carr-Gomm
General Election 1906: Rotherhithe [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hubert William Culling Carr-Gomm 4192 59.8 +22.4
Conservative John Cumming Macdona 2821 40.2 -22.4
Majority 1371 19.6 44.8
Turnout 80.6 +14.8
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +22.4

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Rotherhithe [1][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hubert William Culling Carr-Gomm 4,474 55.6 -4.2
Conservative Assheton Pownall 3,570 44.4 +4.2
Majority 904 11.2 -8.4
Turnout 84.3 +3.7
Liberal hold Swing -4.2
General Election December 1910: Rotherhithe [1][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Hubert William Culling Carr-Gomm 4,030 57.1 +1.5
Conservative Assheton Pownall 3,026 42.9 -1.5
Majority 1,004 14.2 +3.0
Turnout 7,056 74.0 -10.3
Liberal hold Swing +1.5

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Rotherhithe [8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 5,639 50.0
Liberal Hubert William Culling Carr-Gomm 3,889 34.5
Labour Will Godfrey 1,750 15.5
Majority 1,750 15.5
Turnout 25,088 45.1
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Election in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Rolleston Lort-Williams 6,749 36.5
Labour Charles Diamond 6,703 36.3
Liberal Hubert William Culling Carr-Gomm 5,034 27.2
Majority 46 0.2
Turnout 29,166 63.4
Unionist hold Swing
Hazleton
General Election 1923: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Benjamin Smith 9,019 48.0 +11.7
Unionist John Rolleston Lort-Williams 5,741 30.5 -6.0
Liberal Richard Hazleton 4,035 21.5 -5.7
Majority 3,278 17.5 17.7
Turnout 29,457 63.8 +0.4
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +8.8
General Election 1924: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Benjamin Smith 12,703 60.3
Unionist Charles Garfield Lott Du Cann 8,375 39.7
Majority 4,328 20.6
Turnout 29,906 70.5
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1929: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Benjamin Smith 14,664 61.6 +1.3
Unionist Joseph Gurney Braithwaite 4,594 19.3 -20.4
Liberal Dora West 4,556 19.1 n/a
Majority 10,070 42.3 +21.7
Turnout 36,133 65.9 -0.6
Labour hold Swing +10.8

Election in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Norah Cecil Runge 11,666 50.3
Labour Benjamin Smith 11,536 49.7
Majority 130 0.6
Turnout 36,111 64.3
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1935: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Benjamin Smith 14,416 59.7
Conservative Norah Cecil Runge 9,751 40.3
Majority 4,665 19.4
Turnout 33,899 71.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Rotherhithe
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Rt. Hon. Sir Benjamin Smith 9,741 79.1
Conservative Norah Cecil Runge 2,577 20.9
Majority 7,164 58.2
Turnout 18,098 68.1
Labour hold Swing
Rotherhithe by-election, 1946[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Joseph Mellish 7,365 65.0 -14.1
Liberal Edward Drewett Martell 2,821 25.3 N/A
Conservative Frederick Frank Arthur Burden 1,084 9.7 -11.2
Majority 4,444 39.7 -18.5
Turnout 21,952 50.9
Labour hold Swing

In Fiction[edit]

The constituency is portrayed in an episode (A Place in the World) of TV drama series Upstairs, Downstairs as the safe Docklands Labour seat of "Rotherhithe East" that is unsuccessfully contested by James Bellamy for the Conservatives in a by-election in 1920. Location scenes were actually shot in Rotherhithe in January 1975 during the making of the episode. (In real life through 1920 Rotherhithe was a Conservative seat.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  2. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  4. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  9. ^ The Times, 19 November 1946

External links[edit]