|Alternative names||Ganjel rel (Javanese)|
|Place of origin||Indonesia|
|Region or state||Jakarta and Semarang|
|Created by||Betawi and Javanese|
Roti gambang or ganjel rel (Javanese: ꦫꦺꦴꦠꦶꦒꦤ꧀ꦗꦼꦭ꧀ꦫꦺꦭ꧀, romanized: roti ganjel rel; Pegon: روتي غانجل رل) is an Indonesian rectangular-shaped brown bread with sesame seeds, flavoured with cinnamon and palm sugar.
Roti gambang is names as a Betawi traditional bread from Jakarta. Yet, it is also recognised as Javanese traditional bread as roti ganjel rel. This bread is typical Javanese bread and usually served during Dugderan, Ramadan, Eid ul-Fitr, and other Javanese occasion. Roti gambang originates from Jakarta and Semarang, Central Java.
This bread was listed on the 50 best breads in the world by CNN 2019.
The term gambang is a Betawi term refer to gambang, a xylophone-like wooden or metal bars used as musical instrument as commonly found in Betawi gambang kromong orchestra, as well as in gamelan orchestra. This naming was because the similarity of its shape with gambang bars. Its Javanese name however, roti ganjel rel (lit. "rail support bread") refer to wooden railroad tie, again to describe its similarity to rail tie that secured the rail upon the ballast.
Other Indonesian breads:
- "Roti Gambang dan Roti Ganjel Rel, Adakah Perbedaannya? Halaman all". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-05-02.
- Setiawan, Irvan (2019-11-25). "Roti Gambang, Kuliner Legendaris dari Betawi". Balai Pelestarian Nilai Budaya Jawa Barat (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-06-07.
- Media, Kompas Cyber. "Kisah Tentang Roti Gambang, Kenangan Menyantap Roti Terbaik Dunia Halaman all". KOMPAS.com (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2020-06-07.
- Smith, Jen Rose (2019-10-15). "50 of the world's best breads". CNN Travel. Retrieved 2019-12-17.