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Main street in Rottweil
Main street in Rottweil
Coat of arms of Rottweil
Coat of arms
Rottweil   is located in Germany
Coordinates: 48°10′5″N 8°37′29″E / 48.16806°N 8.62472°E / 48.16806; 8.62472Coordinates: 48°10′5″N 8°37′29″E / 48.16806°N 8.62472°E / 48.16806; 8.62472
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Rottweil
 • Lord Mayor Ralf Broß
 • Total 71.76 km2 (27.71 sq mi)
Population (2014-12-31)[1]
 • Total 24,500
 • Density 340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 78628, 78652 (Unterrotenstein)
Dialling codes 0741, 07427 (Neukirch)
Vehicle registration RW

Rottweil (/ʁɔtvaɪl/ About this sound listen ) is a town in southwest Germany in the state of Baden-Württemberg. Rottweil has been a Free Imperial City for nearly 600 years.

Located between the Black Forest and the Swabian Alps, Rottweil has about 25,000 inhabitants. The old town is famous for its medieval center and for its traditional carnival, (called "Fasnet" in the local Swabian dialect). It's the oldest town in Baden-Württemberg[2] and its appearance has changed very little since the 16th century.

Rottweil 20.jpg
Depiction of St. Veronica's sudarium over the portal of the Minster of the Holy Cross
A statue for Rottweiler dogs in Rottweil
Rottweiler "Fasnet" 2007


Imperial City of Rottweil
Reichsstadt Rottweil
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Capital Rottweil
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Founded AD 73
 •  Gained Imp. immediacy 1140
 •  Treaty with Swiss 1463
 •  Swiss associate 1519
 •  Mediatised to Württemberg 1802
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Swabia
Duchy of Württemberg
Imperial Abbey of Rottenmünster
Reichskloster Rottenmünster
Imperial Abbey of the Holy Roman Empire
Capital Rottenmünster
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Founded 9 May 1224
 •  Gained Imp. immediacy 1237
 •  Razed by Württemberg in Thirty Years' War 1643
 •  Mediatised to Württemberg 23 November 1802
 •  Abbey abandoned 1850
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Imperial City of Rottweil
Duchy of Württemberg

Rottweil was founded by the Romans in AD 73 as Arae Flaviae and became a municipium, but there are traces of human settlement going back to 2000 BC. Roman baths and a mosaic of Orpheus (c. AD 180) date from the time of Roman settlement. The present town became a ducal and a royal court before 771 and in the Middle Ages it became a Free Imperial City in 1268.

In 1463 the city joined the Swiss Confederacy, with which it was closely aligned for several centuries. Both its status as free city and its alliance with the Swiss Confederacy were eventually lost with the conquest of the region by Napoleon in 1803.

Lord Mayors since the 19th century[edit]

  • 1820–1833: Max Joseph von Khuon, Schultheiß
  • 1833–1845: Max Teufel
  • 1845–1848: Karl Dinkelmann
  • 1848–1851: Kaspar Rapp
  • 1852–1887: Johann Baptist Marx
  • 1887–1923: Edwin Glückher
  • 1924–1943: Josef Abrell
  • 1943–1944: Otto Mann
  • 1944–1945: Paul Fritz
  • 1945–1946: Franz Mederle
  • 1946–1965: Arnulf Gutknecht
  • 1965–1985: Ulrich Regelmann, mayor, since 1970 Lord mayor
  • 1985–2001: Michael Arnold, Lord mayor
  • 2001–2009: Thomas Engeser, Lord mayor
  • ab 2009: Ralf Broß, Lord mayor

Main sights[edit]

  • The late-Romanesque and Gothic-era Münster Heiliges Kreuz ("Minster of the Holy Cross"), built over a pre-existing church from 1270. It features a crucifix by Veit Stoss and noteworthy Gothic sculptures.
  • Kapellenkirche (1330–40), a Gothic church with a tower and with three statue-decorated portals.
  • Lorenzkapelle ("Church of St. Lawrence", 16th century), in late Gothic style. It houses some two hundred works by Swabian masters and Gothic altarpieces from the 14th and 15th centuries.
  • The towns museum, including a notable Roman mosaic with the legend of Orpheus.
  • The late-Gothic Town Hall (1521).
  • St. Pelagius, a Romanesque church from the 12th century. Excavations have brought to light Roman baths in the same site.
  • ThyssenKrupp is constructing a $45 million, 807-foot tower. The tower is a research facility for the company and will be used to test new elevator cars and technologies. At 807-feet, it will be the tallest structure in the district. The windowless building is going to have 12 elevator shafts.[3]


  • The Rottweiler dog is named after this town; it used to be a butcher's dog in the region.
  • Adam of Rottweil, the 15th-century scholar and printer, was born in Rottweil.
  • Konrad Witz, painter
  • Das Mädchen aus Rottweil is a song by the German band Die Toten Hosen

Sons and daughters of the town[edit]

  • Egon Rieble (1925-2016), art historian and dialect poet
  • Hermann Schäfer (1927-2009), composer and music scientist
  • Kurt Bantle (* 1933), politician (SPD), former member of Landtag
  • Ekkehard Lindner (* 1934), chemist and professor
  • Sigrid Peyerimhoff (* 1937), chemist
  • Erwin Teufel (* 1939), politician (CDU), former minister president of Baden-Württemberg
  • Rüdiger Safranski (* 1945), writer and literary scholar
  • Thomas Engeser (* 1948), 2001–2009 Lord mayor of Rottweil
  • Rita Haller-Haid (* 1950), politician (SPD), member of Landtag
  • Anne Haigis (* 1955), musician and singer
  • Bernd Marquart (* 1958), jazz musician
  • Ralf Broß (* 1966), since 2. July 2009 Lord mayor of Rottweil
  • Andreas Schwab (* 1973), politiian (CDU) and member of European Parlament
  • Joshua Kimmich (* 1995), football player (Bayern München)

International relations[edit]

Rottweil is twinned with:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsentwicklung in den Gemeinden Baden-Württembergs 2014 (Fortgeschriebene amtliche Einwohnerzahlen)" (PDF). Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016. 
  2. ^ Website of Dominikaner Museum Rottweil (retrieved May 22, 2014), on permanent display is a wooden table from August 4, AD 186 naming arae flaviae as municipium thus making Rottweil the oldest town in Baden-Württemberg [1]
  3. ^ Brown, Eliot. "Elevators Elevate German City's Image". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2015-10-27. 

External links[edit]