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Comune di Rottofreno
Rottofreno is located in Italy
Location of Rottofreno in Italy
Coordinates: 45°3′N 9°33′E / 45.050°N 9.550°E / 45.050; 9.550Coordinates: 45°3′N 9°33′E / 45.050°N 9.550°E / 45.050; 9.550
Country Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province Piacenza (PC)
Frazioni San Nicolò a Trebbia, Santimento, Centora
 • Mayor Raffaele Veneziani (Lista Civica)
 • Total 34.5 km2 (13.3 sq mi)
Elevation 65 m (213 ft)
Population (31 December 2011)
 • Total 11,703
 • Density 340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 29010
Dialing code 0523

Rottofreno (Piacentino: Altufrèi, Artufrèi, Ltufrèi or Rtufrèi) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Piacenza in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 160 kilometres (99 mi) northwest of Bologna and about 12 kilometres (7 mi) west of Piacenza.

Rottofreno borders the following municipalities: Borgonovo Val Tidone, Calendasco, Chignolo Po, Gragnano Trebbiense, Monticelli Pavese, Piacenza, and Sarmato.

The main settlement of the comune is San Nicolò, which has more inhabitants than Rottofreno proper.

Name and history[edit]

According to a legend, the name (meaning "broken bit") derives from an event during the Carthaginian invasion of Italy (218–201 BC), when Hannibal allegedly broke here the bit of his horse. The event is also remembered in the city's coat of arms. In reality the name is from the Lombard roth ("glory") and fridu ("friendship", "safeness"). The village was in fact called Rottofredo during the Middle Ages.

On 12 August 1746 during the War of Austrian Succession, a battle was fought here between a French-Spanish army and an Austrian force. This event is known as the Battle of Rottofredo (or Rottofreddo).

Main sights[edit]

Demographic evolution[edit]