Rotula aquatica

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Rotula aquatica
Rotula aquatica plant.jpg
Rotula aquatica leaves and flowers
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: (unplaced)
Family: Boraginaceae
Subfamily: Ehretioideae
Genus: Rotula
Species: R. aquatica
Binomial name
Rotula aquatica
Lour.
Synonyms

Rhabdia lycioides C.B.Clarke

Rotula aquatica is a species of aromatic flowering shrub in the borage family, Boraginaceae. It is a rare rheophyte native to India, where it is a member of the lotic ecosystem of streams.[1]

The plant is a mandatory component of many ayurvedic drug preparations and is an important traditional medicine for kidney and bladder stones. The root tuber is astringent, bitter, diuretic and also useful in treating coughs, heart diseases, dysuria, blood disorders, fever, poisonings, ulcers and uterine diseases.[2] Root decoctions are both diuretic and laxative and are used to treat bladder stones and sexually transmitted diseases.[3] Plants were exploited for their medicinal properties by excavating the roots, causing them to die.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Anonymous (1972). Wealth of India, Raw materials. 9. New Delhi, India: CSIR. 
  2. ^ Sivarajan, V. V.; Indira Balachandran (1994). Ayurvedic Drugs and Their Plant Sources. New Delhi, India: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. pp. 358–359. ISBN 978-81-204-0828-9. 
  3. ^ Christiana, A.J.; M. Priyamole; P. Moorthy (July–August 2002). "Studies on the antilithic effect of Rotula aquatica Lour in male Wistar rats". Methods & Findings in Experimental & Clinical Pharmacology. 24 (6): 357–359. doi:10.1358/mf.2002.24.6.693068. PMID 12224442. 

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