Rough Trade Records

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Rough Trade Records
Parent companyBeggars Group
Founded1976 (1976)
FounderGeoff Travis
Distributor(s)Beggars Group
GenreIndie rock, rock
Country of originU.K.
LocationLondon, England

Rough Trade Records is an independent record label based in London, England. It was formed in 1976 by Geoff Travis who had opened a record store off Ladbroke Grove. It is currently run by co-managing directors Travis and Jeannette Lee and is affiliated to Beggars Group.

Having successfully promoted and sold records by punk rock and early post-punk and indie pop bands such as the Normal and Desperate Bicycles, Travis began to manage acts and distribute bands such as Scritti Politti and began the label, which was informed by left-wing politics and structured as a co-operative. Label activities began in 1978.[citation needed] Soon after, Rough Trade also set up a distribution arm that serviced independent retail outlets across Britain, a network that became known as the Cartel. In 1983, Rough Trade signed the Smiths.[citation needed]

Interest and investment of major labels in the UK indie scene in the late 1980s, as well as overtrading on behalf of Rough Trade's distribution wing, led to cash flow problems, and eventually to bankruptcy, forcing the label into receivership.

However, Travis resurrected the label in the late 1990s partnering with Lee, finding success with the Libertines, the Strokes, Antony and the Johnsons and more. The roster is diverse, with Sleaford Mods, Dean Blunt, black midi, Jarvis Cocker, Special Interest, Jockstrap and Lankum among those signed to the label, which has ranged stylistically through alternative rock, post-punk and new wave, garage rock, and psychedelic rock, but also art pop, folk, electronic, and soul.


Rough Trade began as a record shop, opened by Geoff Travis on Kensington Park Road, West London, in February 1976, with Travis reportedly taking the shop name from the Canadian art punk/new wave band Rough Trade.[1] It was inspired by what Travis has described as the "community-based environment" of the City Lights Bookstore in San Francisco, and specialised in garage rock and reggae. Steve Montgomery, initially a customer of the shop, was offered a job soon after it opened and became its effective co-manager. Travis and Montgomery were joined by a further employee, Richard Scott, in June 1977.[2][3]

Rough Trade produced its own record for the first time after French punk band Métal Urbain came into the shop asking for assistance in publicising their music.[3] In 1978, the shop began organising a record distribution network, dubbed "The Cartel", in collaboration with other independent record stores in the UK. This network enabled small record labels such as Factory Records and 2 Tone Records to sell their releases nationally. It specialised primarily in European post-punk and other alternative rock of the late 1970s and early 1980s. It also distributed & sold a range of contemporary British fanzines such as Sniffin' Glue, No Cure, Vague, Acts of Defiance, Love and Molotov Cocktails, Attack on Bzag, Ded Yampy and Alternative Sounds.[citation needed]

The Rough Trade label subsequently issued a single by Jamaican reggae musician Augustus Pablo, the debut EP by Sheffield band Cabaret Voltaire and the second Stiff Little Fingers single, "Alternative Ulster". During 1978, the label released singles by the Monochrome Set, Subway Sect, Swell Maps, Electric Eels, Spizzoil and Kleenex.[4] In 1979, Rough Trade's first album, Inflammable Material by Stiff Little Fingers, reached number 14 in the UK charts and became the first independently released album to sell over 100,000 copies in the UK.[5] Rough Trade's significance by this time was such that it was made the subject of a South Bank Show documentary.[6]

In 1982, the retail outlets broke with the A&R and distribution divisions, after a decision to allow the shop staff buy out.[7] The distribution wing found itself overtrading by 1991 and shortages of cash flow led to a filing for bankruptcy. The entire company ended up in receivership.

Rough Trade Records was relaunched in 2000 as an independently owned entity, a partnership between Travis, Jeannette Lee (a former member of Public Image Ltd.), and minority partners Sanctuary Records, as a part of the Zomba Group until 11 June 2002 when BMG bought out this business. Prior to the BMG buyout, Rough Trade Records released the Strokes' debut EP The Modern Age in the spring of 2001.[8] In July 2007 Sanctuary Records then sold its stake in Rough Trade to the Beggars Group for £800,000 making Rough Trade independent once again.[9] However, it can be argued that Rough Trade is not truly independent as it is owned by another company. Rough Trade is more accurately a subsidiary[10] that is owed by Beggars Group, which in turn is a privately held company not publicly traded on the stock market.[11] Throughout this period, and continuing under Beggars, the label has been co-managed by Lee and Travis.[12]

Since its return and partnership with the Beggars Group, Rough Trade has continued to release records by alternative artists such as Warpaint, Pantha Du Prince, Emiliana Torrini, Dean Blunt, Belle and Sebastian, Amyl and the Sniffers, ANOHNI, Lisa O'Neill, JARV IS..., Gruff Rhys, This Is The Kit, Alabama Shakes, Parquet Courts, Gilla Band and more.

In addition, Rough Trade Records has a sister label River Lea Records which focuses on folk artists and includes Ye Vagabonds and John Francis Flynn among its signings, while the label also operates a management wing led by Lee and Travis.[13]



  1. ^ Young, Rob (2006). Rough Trade: Labels Unlimited. London: Black Dog Publishing. ISBN 1904772471.
  2. ^ Taylor, Neil (2010). Document and Eyewitness: An Intimate History of Rough Trade. London: Orion Books. ISBN 9781409112211.
  3. ^ a b Marr, Johnny (14 September 2009). "Johnny Marr interviews Rough Trade founder Geoff Travis". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  4. ^ Young, Rob (2006). Rough Trade. London: Black Dog Publishing. p. 178. ISBN 9781904772477.
  5. ^ Cranna, Ian (1979) "Rough Charm", Smash Hits, EMAP National Publications Ltd, 4–17 October 1979, p.6–7
  6. ^ "The SOUTH BANK SHOW: The ALLEN JONES WOMAN / ROUGH TRADE". BFI website. Archived from the original on 25 October 2008. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  7. ^ "Pete Donne, Rough Trade". Spittlefields Life. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  8. ^ Eliscu, Jenny (12 April 2001). "The Strokes' 'The Modern Age' EP Echoes Television, Velvet Underground". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  9. ^ Paul Thompson (24 July 2007). "Beggars Group Buys Rough Trade". Billboard. Retrieved 24 July 2007.
  10. ^ "What's the Difference Between a Subsidiary and a Wholly Owned Subsidiary?".
  11. ^ "Privately Owned".
  12. ^ "Inside the Sleaford Mods campaign with Rough Trade's Geoff Travis, Jeannette Lee and Lisa Goodall". Retrieved 24 April 2023.
  13. ^ "Rough Trade Management". Discogs. Retrieved 30 April 2023.

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