Rough longnose dogfish

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Rough longnose dogfish
Deania hystricosum.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Squaliformes
Family: Centrophoridae
Genus: Deania
Species:
D. hystricosa
Binomial name
Deania hystricosa
(Garman, 1906)
Deania hystricosa distmap.png
Range of rough longnose dogfish (in blue)

The rough longnose shark (Deania hystricosa) is a little-known deepwater dogfish. This species was described by Samuel Garman in 1906 and originally named Acanthidium hystricosa.[2]

The rough longnose dogfish has an extremely long snout, no anal fin, small grooved dorsal spines, and rough, pitchfork-shaped dermal denticles. The first dorsal fin is long and narrow.

Maximum length is 109 cm.[3] Found in the Eastern Atlantic around Madeira and in the western Pacific around southern Japan, this shark is rarely seen, but lives between 600 and 1,000 m. It is ovoviviparous with probably around 12 pups per litter.[3]

In June 2018 the New Zealand Department of Conservation classified the rough longnose shark as "Data Deficient" under the New Zealand Threat Classification System.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ebert, D., McCormack, C., Freitas, M., Biscoito, M., Francis, M., Tanaka, S., Ishihara, H., Holtzhausen, H. & Stewart, A. 2009. Deania hystricosa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2009: e.T161549A5449034. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009-2.RLTS.T161549A5449034.en. Downloaded on 01 November 2017.
  2. ^ Garman, S. (1906). "New Plagiostomia". Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. 46: 203–208 – via Biodiversity Heritage Library.
  3. ^ a b Carpenter, Kent E.; Garilao, Cristina V. (2019). "Deania hystricosa (Garman, 1906) Rough longnose dogfish". Fishbase. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  4. ^ Duffy, Clinton A. J.; Francis, Malcolm; Dunn, M. R.; Finucci, Brit; Ford, Richard; Hitchmough, Rod; Rolfe, Jeremy (2018). Conservation status of New Zealand chondrichthyans (chimaeras, sharks and rays), 2016 (PDF). Wellington, New Zealand: Department of Conservation. p. 10. ISBN 9781988514628. OCLC 1042901090.