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Rouging is a form of corrosion found in stainless steel. It can be due to iron contamination of the stainless steel surface due to welding of non-stainless steel for support columns, or other temporary means, which when welded off leaves a low chromium area.
There are three classes of rouging: Class I, Class II, and Class III.
Class I - stainless steel surface and the Cr/Fe ratio[clarification needed] of the metal surface beneath such deposits usually remain unaltered.
Class II - Iron particles originating in-situ on unpassivated or improperly passivated stainless steel surfaces. By their formation the Cr/Fe ratio of the metal surface is altered.
Class III - Iron oxide (or scale) which forms on surfaces in high temperature steam systems. The Cr/Fe ratio of the protective film is usually altered.
- "Rouging". corrosion-doctors.org.
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