A round church is a special type of church construction, having a completely circular plan. There are many Nordic round churches in Sweden and Denmark (notably the island of Bornholm) and were popular church constructions in Scandinavia in the 11th and early 12th centuries.
Round churches should not be confused with the older types of round-tower church constructions. Churches with many-sided polygonal shapes (such as the 16-sided example in Richmond, Vermont, USA) are colloquially referred to as round as well.
Round churches by country
There are four medieval round churches still in use in England, Holy Sepulchre, Cambridge; Temple Church, London; St. John the Baptist Church, Little Maplestead, Essex, and The Holy Sepulchre, Northampton. St Chad's Church, Shrewsbury is a Georgian round church, and the Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral was built in the 20th century. The 18th-century All Saints' Church, Newcastle upon Tyne is redundant and used for other purposes. The ruins of the round church of St Nicholas near Houton in the Orkney Islands are the only example in Scotland. There is a round church at the top of main street in Bowmore, on the island of Islay, on Scotland's west coast.
Church of Saint Stephen in Rome; Church of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux in Rome; Old Cathedral of Brescia; Church of Saint Lawrence in Mantua; Santo Stefano, Bologna; Church of Saint Angelo in Perugia; Church of Saint Marie in Forlì.
Iglesia San Marcos, Salamanca
Bjernede Church near Sorø, Denmark
Holy Sepulchre, Cambridge, England
Bowmore Church, Scotland
Church of St. Anthony of Padua, Belgrade, Serbia