Roundhead (weapon)

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A roundhead was a type of mace used during the English Civil War. It is described as having a head about 9 inches (23 cm), a staff 2 yards (1.8 m) long inserted into the head, twelve iron spikes round about, with another spike in the end.[1][2] In 1643 an article in Mercurius Civicus claimed the weapon was called a roundhead by the Cavaliers because they were to be used to beat the Roundheads into subjection.[3]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chisholm 1911, Roundhead.
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd Edition, Roundhead †2. Weapon cites John Angier Lancashire's Valley of Achor is England's doore of hope (1643), for this description: "A new-invented mischievous Instrument... An head about a quarter of a yard long, a staffe of two yards long put into their head, twelve iron pikes round about, and one in the end to stop with; This fierce Weapon they called, A Round-head.
  3. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd Edition, Roundhead †2. citing Mercurius Civicus No. 11. 84