Roussan Camille

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Roussan Camille
Born (1912-08-27)27 August 1912
Jacmel, Haiti
Died 7 December 1961(1961-12-07) (aged 49)
Nationality Haitian
Other names Nassour El Limac
Occupation poet, journalist and diplomat
Known for Assaut à la Nuit (1940)

Roussan Camille (27 August 1912 – 7 December 1961) was a Haitian poet, journalist, and diplomat.[1]


Born in Jacmel, he was educated at the Christian Brothers' School, the Lycée Pinchinat of Jacmel and the Tippenhauer College in Port-au-Prince. Under Charles Moravia's directorship, he began a career as a journalist, publishing articles, poems and the column "Bel aujourd'hui" under his pen-name Nassour El Limac, in Haiti-Journal, Temps-Revue and L'Action nationale.[2] He became director of Haiti-Journal after Moravia's death in 1938.[2]

Camille entered public service, and was appointed to several diplomatic functions, including secretary of the Haitian legation to Paris and Haitian vice-consul in New York City, and then returned home to become secretary general in the ministry of health.[3]

His best known work is Assaut à la Nuit (Port-au-Prince: Impr. de l'Etat, 1940). He was awarded the Dumarsais Estimé poetry prize for his collection Multiple Présence (Quebec: Editions Naaman, 1978).[2]


  • 1961 Price Dumarsais Estimé.
  • 2004 Henri Deschamps Literary Award (posthumous).


  1. ^ (French) Biography
  2. ^ a b c Donald E. Herdeck (ed.), Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical-Critical Encyclopaedia, Washington, DC: Three Continents Press, 1979, pp. 316-17.
  3. ^ Keith A. P. Sandiford, A Black Studies Primer: Heroes and Heroines of the African Diaspora, Hansib Publications, 2008, p. 114.


  • Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Staff of Librairie Au Service de la Culture. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. p. 101. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0. 

Further reading[edit]

  • (French) F. Raphaël Berrou and Pradel Pompilus, Histoire de la littérature haïtienne illustrée par les textes, vol. 3 (1977), 237–252.