Roustam Raza

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Roustam Raza
Roustam - Vernet.jpg
"Portrait of Roustam Raza, the mamluck of Napoleon" by Horace Vernet, 1810
Born Rostam
1783
Tiflis, Kartli
Died December 7, 1845 (aged 61–62)
Dourdan, France
Citizenship France
Spouse(s) Alexandrine Douville
Children Achille
Depiction of Roustam Raza in traditional mamluk uniform.

Roustam Raza, also known as Roustan or Rustam (1783 – 7 December 1845), was Napoleon's mamluk bodyguard.[2] Roustam was born in Tbilisi, Georgia, to Armenian parents. At thirteen Roustam was kidnapped and sold as a slave in Cairo. The Turks gave him the name Idzhahia. The sheikh of Cairo presented him to General Napoleon Bonaparte in 1798. Roustan served as a bodyguard of Napoleon until 1814, when he married Mademoiselle Douville in Dourdan and refused to follow the Emperor in his exile to Elba after the first Bourbon Restoration.[3][4]

On 7 December 1845, Roustam died in Dourdan.[5] His memoirs of the service to Napoleon were first published in 1888.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Souvenirs de Roustam…: «Il m’a beaucoup regardé, en me disant si je parle Arménien ? Je dis que oui, mème j'élais Arménien. Il me dit en mème langage»
  2. ^ "NAPOLEON AS HIS MAMELUKE SERVANT SAW HIM; Memoirs of Roustam Come to Light---Intimate Anecdotes of the Emperor by His Personal Attendant, Whom Bonaparte Brought Back with Him from Egypt and Who Served Him for 17 Years". The New York Times. 7 May 1911. 
  3. ^ Roustam, mameluck de Napoléon. D'après des mémoires et de nombreux documents inédits tirés des Archives Nationales et des Archives du ministère de la Guerre. [Ed.Hector Fleischmann]. — Paris: Albert Méricant, 1910. — 384 pp. (in French)
  4. ^ Alexander Mikaberidze (September 9, 2001). "The Georgian Mameluks in Egypt". www.napoleon-series.org. 
  5. ^ Registre d'état civil de Dourdan (1845), Archives départementales de l'Essonne

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