"Portrait of Roustam Raza, the mamluck of Napoleon" by Horace Vernet, 1810
|Died||December 7, 1845 (aged 61–62)
Roustam Raza, also known as Roustan or Rustam (1783 – 7 December 1845), was Napoleon's mamluk bodyguard. Roustam was born in Tbilisi, Georgia, to Armenian parents. At thirteen Roustam was kidnapped and sold as a slave in Cairo. The Turks gave him the name Idzhahia. The sheikh of Cairo presented him to General Napoleon Bonaparte in 1798. Roustan served as a bodyguard of Napoleon until 1814, when he married Mademoiselle Douville in Dourdan and refused to follow the Emperor in his exile to Elba after the first Bourbon Restoration.
On 7 December 1845, Roustam died in Dourdan. His memoirs of the service to Napoleon were first published in 1888.
- Souvenirs de Roustam…: «Il m’a beaucoup regardé, en me disant si je parle Arménien ? Je dis que oui, mème j'élais Arménien. Il me dit en mème langage»
- "NAPOLEON AS HIS MAMELUKE SERVANT SAW HIM; Memoirs of Roustam Come to Light---Intimate Anecdotes of the Emperor by His Personal Attendant, Whom Bonaparte Brought Back with Him from Egypt and Who Served Him for 17 Years". The New York Times. 7 May 1911.
- Roustam, mameluck de Napoléon. D'après des mémoires et de nombreux documents inédits tirés des Archives Nationales et des Archives du ministère de la Guerre. [Ed.Hector Fleischmann]. — Paris: Albert Méricant, 1910. — 384 pp. (in French)
- Alexander Mikaberidze (September 9, 2001). "The Georgian Mameluks in Egypt". www.napoleon-series.org.
- Registre d'état civil de Dourdan (1845), Archives départementales de l'Essonne
- Roustam Raza's memoirs online (in Russian)
- Souvenirs de Roustam, mamelouck de Napoléon Ier Introduction et notes de Paul Cottin (in French)
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