Route 1 (Hong Kong)

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Route 1

Route 1
Route 1 coloured red
Route information
Maintained by Highways Department
Length20.7 km (12.9 mi)
20.6 kilometres (12.8 mi) South
Existed1966 (Princess Margaret Road)–present
Major junctions
South endAberdeen Praya Road, Aberdeen
 HK Route4.svg Gloucester Road, Causeway Bay
HK Route5.svg Chatham Road, Hung Hom
HK Route7.svg Lung Cheung Road, Beacon Hill
Sha Lek Highway, Sha Tin Wai
North endHK Route9.svg Tai Po Road, Fo Tan
Location
DistrictsSouthern, Central and Western, Wan Chai, Yau Tsim Mong, Kowloon City, Wong Tai Sin, Sha Tin
Highway system
Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System
Route 10Route 2

Route 1 (Chinese: 一號幹線) is a major artery in Hong Kong that runs in a generally north-south direction, connecting Aberdeen with Shatin.

The route is heavily congested, notably on the Canal Road viaduct that links the Aberdeen Tunnel with the Cross-Harbour Tunnel in Causeway Bay.[1] Route 1 continues to serve as the most direct route from the north shore of Hong Kong Island to the Southern District. The road travels across the harbour and runs through the middle of Kowloon and continues heading north into the New Territories.

History[edit]

Route 1 was established in January 2004 when the third generation of route numbers came into use, replacing the old system which had been used since 1974.

Route[edit]

The route begins in the south at Aberdeen Praya Road which continues as Wong Chuk Hang Road until reaching the Aberdeen Tunnel. The traffic runs on the Canal Road viaduct after exiting the tunnel in Happy Valley. The viaduct descends to the ground level passed the intersection at Gloucester Road for Route 4 to Tin Hau, North Point and Eastern Harbour Crossing.

Traffic then crosses the Cross-Harbour Tunnel into Kowloon and keeps heading north along Princess Margaret Road and Waterloo Road. The stretch of Waterloo Road between Hereford Road and Lancashire Road in Kowloon Tong is the only section of the route that is not controlled access. Traffic then climbs a steep incline to reach the Lion Rock Tunnel. At the end of the tunnel, the road skirts the border of Tai Wai. The route becomes an expressway in Sha Tin for the remaining 3 km. Traffic has an option to merge to Route 9 in Shatin or branch off onto Route 2 for Ma On Shan.[2]

Exits and interchanges[edit]

DistrictLocationkm[3]miExitDestinationsNotes
SouthernAberdeen0.0–
0.2
0.0–
0.12
1Ap Lei Chau Bridge / Aberdeen Praya RoadTrumpet interchange; Southern terminus
Wong Chuk Hang0.20.121AHeung Yip RoadSouthbound only
0.40.25Yip Kan StreetYip Kan Street to southbound only
0.5–
1.1
0.31–
0.68
2Wong Chuk Hang Road to Nam Long Shan Road
1.2–
1.3
0.75–
0.81
3Ocean Park RoadTrumpet interchange
1.4–
2.0
0.87–
1.2
4Wong Chuk Hang Road / Nam Fung RoadNo access to/from southbound
2.11.3Aberdeen Tunnel Toll Plaza
Southern
Wan Chai
Wong Chuk Hang
Happy Valley
2.3–
4.2
1.4–
2.6
Aberdeen Tunnel
Wan ChaiMorrison Hill4.3–
4.9
2.7–
3.0
5Wong Nai Chung RoadTo/from Route 1 northbound only
East Point5.33.35ACanal Road West / Canal Road EastTo/from Route 1 southbound only
5.4–
5.9
3.4–
3.7
6Gloucester Road / Victoria Park Roadto Central, Wan Chai, Tin Hau, North Point and Kowloon East
Wan Chai
Yau Tsim Mong
East Point
Hung Hom Bay
6.0–
7.8
3.7–
4.8
Cross-Harbour Tunnel
Yau Tsim MongHung Hom Bay8.15.0Cross-Harbour Tunnel Toll Plaza
8.25.1Hong Chong RoadHong Chong Road to northbound Route 1 only
Hung Hom8.45.26ASalisbury RoadSouthbound only
6BRailway ApproachSouthbound only
6C Route 5 west (Chatham Road North)Route 1 northbound to Route 5 westbound
8.65.36D Route 5 east (Chatham Road North)Route 1 northbound to Route 5 eastbound
No. 12 Hill9.05.67APrincess Margaret RoadTo/from Route 1 northbound only
7BPrincess Margaret Road LinkTo from Route 1 northbound only
Kowloon City9.1–
9.4
5.7–
5.8
7DChi Man StreetSouthbound only
Yau Tsim Mong9.35.87CWylie RoadNorthbound only
Kowloon City9.76.07EChung Man StreetSouthbound only
Ho Man Tin10.06.28Man Fung Path / Sheung Hing Street to Pui Ching RoadPartial cloverleaf interchange; No access to Route 1 southbound from Pui Ching Road westbound
Princess Margaret Road to Argyle StreetTo/from southbound Route 1 only
Ma Tau Wai11.06.88AWaterloo RoadFrontage road
Boundary StreetBoundary Street to Route 1 southbound only
8BPrince Edward Road WestSouthbound only
Kowloon Tsai8CWaterloo RoadFrontage road
8DFlint RoadSouthbound exit only
9Essex Crescent / Lancashire RoadNorthbound only
12.07.59ARutland Quadrant / Durham RoadSouthbound only
9CHereford RoadNo access from Hereford Road to Route 1 northbound
York RoadYork Road to Route 1 northbound only
9ENorfolk RoadNorthbound exit only
9FWaterloo Road to Cornwall Street / Junction RoadFrontage road
13.08.19GWaterloo Road / Ede RoadFrontage road; Ede Road to Route 1 northbound only
10A Route 7 west (Lung Cheung Road)Route 7 westbound to/from Route 1 northbound
Kowloon City
Wong Tai Sin
10B Route 7 east (Lung Cheung Road)Route 7 eastbound to/from Route 1 northbound
Kowloon City
Sha Tin
Kowloon Tsai
Tai Wai
14.0–
15.0
8.7–
9.3
Lion Rock Tunnel
Sha TinTai Wai15.09.3Lion Rock Tunnel Toll Plaza
16.09.911Hung Mui Kuk RoadTrumpet interchange
Sha Tin17.010.611ALion Rock Tunnel Road / Che Kung Miu Road / Tai Chung Kiu RoadTo/from Route 1 southbound
18.011.211BSha Lek HighwayTo/from Route 1 southbound
19.011.812Sha Tin Wai RoadDiamond interchange
20.012.412AFo Tan Road / Tai Chung Kiu RoadTo/from Route 1 southbound
Fo Tan21.013.012BSha Tin Road to Yuen Wo RoadTo/from Route 1 southbound
Route 9 east (Tai Po Road)To/from Route 9 eastbound; Northern terminus to Tai Po and Fanling
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "LCQ4: Traffic congestion along the link roads to the Aberdeen Tunnel". Information Services Department. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  2. ^ "Route Diagram - Route 1". Transport Department. Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  3. ^ OpenStreetMap contributors. Route 1 (Map). OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 20 March 2016.