Route 417 (Israel)
|Length:||16 km (10 mi)|
Route 417 (Hebrew: כביש 417, "Kvish Arba'-Achat-Sheva'") is an intercity road in Israel and the West Bank that stretches from the west side of Jerusalem to Ma'ale Adumim and Highway 1 east to the Jordan Valley.
Most of the road serves as a local thoroughfare within Jerusalem and East Jerusalem. The road has been non-contiguous since the construction of the Israeli West Bank barrier through Abu Dis in 2006. Route 417 used to be the main route from the west to the Jordan Valley and the Dead Sea, bypassing downtown Jerusalem. With the opening of Jerusalem Road 9 (Derech Yitzhak Shamir and Yigal Yadin Boulevard) and the Ma'ale Adumim Road, the historic route lost that distinction. With the closure of the road in Abu Dis, the route no longer serves that option at all.
The route's name changes many times along the way. From west to east:
Named after the biblical prophet, the route begins at Weizmann Boulevard at the base of the Strings Bridge, an area known historically as the western "Jerusalem Gate", the main entrance to the city from the west. It passes the beginning of Jaffa Road near the Jerusalem Central Bus Station and the headquarters of Magen David Adom. It then winds through the Romema neighborhood as a commercial and light-industrial four-lane divided boulevard.
Just past the Shikun Chabad neighborhood, the well-known Bar-Ilan St. named after Rabbi Meir Berlin, passes between the Haredi neighborhoods of Tel Arza, Mahanayim and Bukharim. Here the road serves as a major shopping street. In many sections, fencing exists on the median divider to prevent pedestrians from crossing between controlled intersections on this heavily congested section. Before 1955, this was called "The Ring Road", skirting around the northern edge of what was then the built-up area of central Jerusalem.
Hativat HarEl Street
Levi Eshkol Boulevard
This section, built in 1968, was named after Israel's third prime minister. The route continues past the Ma'alot Dafna, Ramat Eshkol and Givat HaMivtar neighborhhoods. Just short of Haim Bar-Lev Boulevard (Highway 60), also known as Jerusalem Road 1, a 0.2 km tunnel provides an alternate route bypassing the congested traffic-light controlled intersection which includes a crossing of the Jerusalem Light Rail tracks.
Hebrew University Boulevard
Wadi al-Joz Street
While most traffic continues straight through the new Har HaTzofim tunnels bypassing East Jerusalem's built-up areas and connecting to Highway 1 to Ma'ale Adumim and the Dead Sea, the official Route 417 makes a right turn southward onto Wadi al-Joz St. Here, in the Wadi al-Joz neighborhood, named after the "Walnut Valley", the street serves as a main commercial artery. This section of the road contains many auto-repair shops giving it the nickname among Hebrew speakers of 'Wadi Egzōz' (i.e., exhaust).
Continuing southward as a commercial street, this 0.4 km stretch, named after the famous 10th-century Arab geographer, passes the Failey Center for the Arts and the Rockefeller Museum as it approaches the northeast corner of Jerusalem's Old City.
Along the eastern edge of the Old City, the now named Jericho Road descends into the Kidron Valley, also known by its biblical name, the Valley of Josaphat. The valley is the site of many tombs: the Tomb of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Pillar of Absalom, the Tomb of Benei Hezir, the Tomb of Zechariah, the tomb of Josaphat and the tomb of Saint James.
At ash-Shiyah Street at the edge of Abu Dis, the Israeli West Bank barrier has been erected. Originally including a security checkpoint, the road was permanently closed in 2006. Past the barrier, the road continues as a commercial artery through Abu Dis, al-Eizariya and Jahalin.
As it passes Ma'ale Adumim, the route becomes a freeway, finally merging into Highway 1 to the Jordan Valley.
Junctions (west to east)
|0.1||Romema||Ha Mem Gimel St.|
(Rabbi Levin Square)
Rabbi Pinhas Ya'akov
|Minhat Yitzhak St.|
|1.6||Shikun Chabad||ככר הרב עזריאל זעליג סלונים
Zelig Slonim Square)
Rabbi Avriel Zelig Slonim
|1.7||Tel Arza, Bukharim||ככר הרב אברמסקי
(Rabbi Abramsky Square)
Rabbi Yehezkel Abramsky
|Eli HaCohen St.
|1.73||Tel Arza, Bukharim||eastbound only||Issa Bracha St.|
|1.76||Tel Arza, Bukharim||Yosef Ziv St.,
|1.82||Tel Arza, Bukharim||Adoniyahu HaCohen St.|
|1.87||Mahanayim, Bukharim||Hacham Shmuel Bruchim St.,
Ki Tov St.
|1.89||Mahanayim, Bukharim||Rabeinu Gershom St.|
|1.93||Mahanayim, Bukharim||westbound only||HaGaon MiTurda St.|
|1.96||Mahanayim, Bukharim||Ohalei Yosef St.,
Evyatar HaCohen St.
|2.08||Mahanayim, Bukharim||eastbound only||Avinadav St.|
Sanhedriya, Shmuel HaNavi
|ככר בית החיים
(Beit HaHayyim Square)
|House of Life
(name of adjacent
municipal Funeral Home)
| Route 436
(Shmuel HaNavi St.)
|Hativat HarEl Street|
|2.4||Sanhedriya, Shmuel HaNavi||Etz Hadar St.|
|2.6||Sanhedriya, Shmuel HaNavi||Eretz Hefetz St.|
|Levi Eshkol Boulevard|
|westbound only||Mikvei Yisrael St.|
|Mismar HaGvul St.|
|Ma'avar HaMitla St.,
Ya'akov (Carl) Netter St.
|Sheshet HaYammim St.|
Kiryat Menachem Begin,
| Highway 60
(Haim Bar-Lev Blvd.)
Jerusalem Light Rail Station
|Hebrew University Blvd.|
|4.1||Kiryat Menachem Begin,
|Aharon Katzir St.|
|Shayeret HaTzofim Blvd.,
Yitzhak HaNadiv St.
(to Har HaTsofim Tunnels)
|Wadi Al-Joz Street|
|4.3||Wadi Al-Joz||Beni Ummayya St.|
|4.5||Wadi Al-Joz||Abu Bakir as-Sideeq St.|
|4.8||Wadi Al-Joz||Ibn Tulun St.|
|4.9||Wadi Al-Joz||Uthman ibn Affan St.|
|5||Wadi Al-Joz||Khalid ibn al-Walid St.|
|5.1||Wadi al-Joz||al-Maqdesi Street St.|
|5.2||Wadi al-Joz||Abu Hanifa St.|
|5.3||Wadi al-Joz||Akhwan as-Saffa St.|
|5.5||Wadi al-Joz||al-Akhtal St.|
|Sultan Suleiman St.,
Samaw'al ibn 'Adiya St.
|6.4||Old City||Lions' Gate Road|
|6.5||Old City||Ophel Road|
|6.6||Har HaZeitim||al-Mansuriya St.|
|7.5||Har HaZeitim||local street|
|7.7||Ras al-Amud||Ras al-Amud St|
|7.8||Ras al-Amud||local street|
|8.2||Wadi Qadum||Wadi Abdallah St.|
|8.25||Wadi Qadum||local street|
|8.3||Wadi Qadum||local street|
|9||Abu Dis||Ras al-Qubsa Junction||ash-Shiyah St.|
|↓NO eastbound through-traffic↓|
|9||Abu Dis Security Checkpoint (closed)|
|↑NO westbound through-traffic↑|
|9.5||Abu Dis||12 local streets|
|10.3||Abu Dis, al-Eizariya||local street|
|10.9||al-Eizariya||19 local streets|
|12.2||Jahalin||5 local streets|
|12.6||Jahalin||2 local streets|
|↑NO westbound through-traffic for yellow (Israeli) license plates↑|
|13.8||Ma'ale Adumim||צומת מעלה אדומים
(Ma'ale Adumim Junction)
|Derech Har HaBayit|
|16||Ma'ale Adumim||מחלף אדומים
- Ruth Lapidot, et al., Amnon Ramon, ed. (2007). "The Historic Basin of Jerusalem - Problems and possible solutions" (PDF). Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies. p. 27. Retrieved 2012-01-28.
- "Information about Jerusalem Street Names". Jerusalem Municipality. Retrieved 2012-02-03.(Hebrew)
- Joel 4:2
- Exodus 31:6
- Ezekiel 16:10
- Genesis 4:22
- Exodus 26:1 and following
- Judges 3:31
- 1Samuel 1:1
- 1Samuel 1:9
- 1Kings 1:7
- 1Samuel 31:2
- 1Samuel 1:20