New Jersey Route 44
|Maintained by NJDOT|
|Length:||10.28 mi (16.54 km)|
|Existed:||1927 – present|
|South end:||Barker Avenue / Main Street in Bridgeport|
|North end:||I-295 / US 130 in West Deptford Township|
Route 44 is a state highway located in Gloucester County in the U.S. state of New Jersey. It runs 10.28 mi (16.54 km) from Barker Avenue in Bridgeport to a cul-de-sac at a ramp from southbound Interstate 295 (I-295) and U.S. Route 130 (US 130) in Thorofare. The route, which is mostly a two-lane undivided road, passes through the communities of Gibbstown and Paulsboro in the northern part of the county, a short distance south of the Delaware River. Route 44 generally runs a short distance to the north of I-295/US 130 for much of its length.
In 1923, Route 17S was legislated along the current route followed by Route 44 today, running between Penns Grove and Westville. The only portion of Route 17S ever built ran from Penns Grove to Salem. Route 44 was designated in 1927 to replace Route 17S between Penns Grove and Westville. By the 1940s, Route 44 was extended south to Salem and US 130 was designated concurrent with the route north of Penns Grove. Several spurs of Route 44 had existed or were planned prior to 1953, including Route S44, which ran concurrent with US 322 to the ferry between Bridgeport and Chester, Pennsylvania; Route S44A, a never-built bypass of Camden; and Route 44T, which was to run from a tunnel under the Delaware River in Paulsboro east to Route 42. In 1953, Route 44 was replaced by US 130 north of Deepwater and by Route 49 south of there. After two bypasses were built for US 130 around Carneys Point and between Bridgeport and Westville, Route 44 was redesignated along the former US 130. After I-295 was completed in the 1960s, US 130 returned to its original alignment in Carneys Point and replaced that portion of Route 44.
Route 44 begins at an intersection with Barker Avenue and Main Street in Logan Township, heading to the east on Crown Point Road, a two-lane undivided road. Shortly after beginning, the route heads through wooded areas a short distance to the north of Conrail's Penns Grove Secondary and intersects County Route (CR) 671. The road turns northeast and comes to an interchange with US 130 and continues closely parallel to the railroad line as it passes through more rural areas with some homes, coming to a junction with CR 684. Route 44 enters Greenwich Township upon crossing the marshy Repaupo Creek and becomes a local road called West Broad Street. The route passes over the railroad tracks and continues east into residential and commercial areas of Gibbstown, intersecting CR 607/CR 673 and CR 680 within the town.
At the intersection with CR 653, Route 44 enters Paulsboro and passes more developed areas, soon meeting CR 678. The route intersects CR 667 in the center of Paulsboro before crossing the Mantua Creek on a lift bridge and entering wetlands within West Deptford Township. Here, the road heads into a mix of rural lands and development, crossing CR 656 and the Little Mantua Creek. Route 44 intersects the Mid-Atlantic Parkway, which provides access to I-295 and US 130 a short distance to the south, before continuing into inhabited areas. Here, the road crosses the Conrail line and CR 643. The route becomes a four-lane road and has access ramps to and from southbound I-295/US 130 prior to coming to a crossroads with CR 640 in Thorofare. Past CR 640, the route closely parallels I-295/US 130 and crosses Woodbury Creek. Route 44 passes a mobile home park before coming to an end at cul-de-sac that has an access ramp to southbound Route 44 from southbound I-295/US 130.
What is now Route 44 was originally legislated as Route 17S in 1923, a route that was to run from Penns Grove to Westville. By 1927, however, the only portion of Route 17S that had existed was a road that ran from Penns Grove south to Salem. In the 1927 New Jersey state highway renumbering that occurred that year, Route 44 was designated to run from Penns Grove to Westville, replacing what had been legislated as Route 17S. By the end of the 1930s, Route 44 was extended south from Penns Grove to Salem and US 130 was also designated along with Route 44 north of Penns Grove by 1941.
Prior to 1953, several spurs of Route 44 existed or were planned. Route S44 was designated in 1939 as a connection from Route 44 in Bridgeport to the ferry across the Delaware River to Chester, Pennsylvania, and was concurrent with US 322. The S44 designation was removed in 1953 to avoid the concurrency with US 322. In 1974, the Commodore Barry Bridge was built, bypassing the ferry, and the old alignment of US 322 became Route 324. Route S44A was planned in 1938 as an eastern bypass of Camden from Route 45 in Brooklawn to Route 40 (now Route 70) and Route 41 in Delaware Township (now Cherry Hill), mostly along what is now CR 551. The bypass was never built, although part of what would have been the bypass north of Haddonfield is now Route 41. Route 44T was planned in 1938 as an approach to a never-built tunnel under the Delaware River near Paulsboro. Originally, the route was to run from the tunnel east to the intersection of Route 41 and Route 47 in Deptford Township. In 1939, the planned route was extended east to Route 42 between Blackwood and Williamstown.
In the 1953 New Jersey state highway renumbering, Route 44 was replaced by US 130 north of the Delaware Memorial Bridge approach in Deepwater and by Route 49 south of there. However, US 130 was moved to new freeway alignments around Carneys Point and between Bridgeport and Westville. The bypassed alignments of US 130, originally unnumbered, eventually became Route 44. After I-295 was built in the 1960s, it bypassed the portion of the US 130 freeway in Bridgeport and was designated along the US 130 freeway north to Westville and around Carneys Point. US 130 was moved back onto its old alignment in Carneys Point, replacing that portion of Route 44.
The entire route is in Gloucester County.
|Logan Township||0.00||0.00||To I-295 north / US 130 north (Barker Avenue) / Main Street||Southern terminus of NJ 44.|
|0.86||1.38||US 130 to I-295 north – Commodore Barry Bridge||Interchange|
|West Deptford Township||9.20||14.81||I-295 south / US 130 south||I-295/US 130 exit 21|
|10.28||16.54||I-295 / US 130 / Route 44 south||Northern terminus of NJ 44, I-295/US 130 exit 22|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "Route 44 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
- Google (2009-10-19). "overview of New Jersey Route 44" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2009-10-19.
- State of New Jersey, Laws of 1923, Chapter 199.
- Map of New Jersey (Map). Tydol Trails. 1927. Retrieved 2009-03-30.
- State of New Jersey, Laws of 1927, Chapter 319.
- 1927 New Jersey Road Map (Map). State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2008-10-08.
- State of New Jersey, Laws of 1939, compiled.
- Map of Pennsylvania and New Jersey (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha. Mid-West Map Co. 1941. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
- 1953 renumbering, New Jersey Department of Highways, retrieved 2009-07-31
- "New Road Signs Ready in New Jersey". The New York Times. 1952-12-16. Retrieved 2009-07-20.
- "US 322 Straight Line Diagram" (PDF). Internet Archives WayBack Machine. New Jersey Department of Transportation. 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2004-07-24. Retrieved 2007-06-14.
- "Route 324 straight line diagram" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
- State of New Jersey, Laws of 1938, Chapter 374.
- State of New Jersey, Laws of 1938, Chapter 367.
- State of New Jersey, Laws of 1939, Chapter 264.
- Delaware Road Map (Map). Rand McNally. 1964.
- Map of New Jersey (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha. Chevron Oil Company. 1969.
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