Schematic of gastric bypass using a Roux-en-Y anastomosis. The transverse colon is not shown so that the Roux-en-Y can be clearly seen. The variant seen in this image is retrocolic, retrogastric, because the distal small bowel that joins the proximal segment of stomach is behind the transverse colon and stomach.
In general surgery, a Roux-en-Y anastomosis, or Roux-en-Y, is an end-to-side surgical anastomosis of bowel used to reconstruct the gastrointestinal tract. Typically, it is between stomach and small bowel that is distal (or further down the gastrointestinal tract) from the cut end.
Typically, the two upper limbs of the Y represent (1) the proximal segment of stomach and the distal small bowel it joins with and (2) the blind end that is surgically divided off, and the lower part of the Y is formed by the distal small bowel beyond the anastomosis.
Roux-en-Ys are used in several operations and collectively called Roux operations.
When describing the surgery, the Roux limb is the efferent or antegrade limb that serves as the primary recipient of food after the surgery, while the hepatobiliary or afferent limb that anastomoses with the biliary system serves as the recipient for biliary secretions, which then travel through the excluded small bowel to the distal anastomosis at the mid jejunum to aid digestion. The altered anatomy can contribute to indigestion following surgery.
Operations that make use of a Roux-en-Y
- Some gastric bypasses for obesity.
- Multiple failed nissen fundoplication surgeries.
- Roux-en-Y reconstruction following partial or complete gastrectomy for stomach cancer.
- Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy used to treat (macroscopic) bile duct obstruction which may arise due to:
- Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy – indications same as Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy.
- Roux-en-Y pancreas transplant
- Roux-en-Y pancreas reconstruction after blunt abdominal trauma.
- Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy or choledochojejunostomy with gastrojejunostomy as palliation for irresectable pancreatic head cancer.
- Roux operation. whonamedit.com. http://www.whonamedit.com/synd.cfm/3724.html. Accessed on: February 7, 2008.
- Björklund, P; Laurenius, A; Een, E; Olbers, T; Lönroth, H; Fändriks, L (2010). "Is the Roux limb a determinant for meal size after gastric bypass surgery?". Obesity Surgery. 20 (10): 1408–14. doi:10.1007/s11695-010-0192-1. PMC 2941084. PMID 20517654.
- Surgery to remove stomach cancer. cancerhelp.org.uk. URL: http://www.cancerhelp.org.uk/help/default.asp?page=3917. Accessed on: February 7, 2008.
- Lawrence PF. Essentials of general surgery. 3rd Ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2000. ISBN 0-683-30133-0.
- Shokouh-Amiri H, Zakhary JM, Zibari GB (April 2011). "A novel technique of portal-endocrine and gastric-exocrine drainage in pancreatic transplantation". Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 212 (4): 730–8, discussion 738–9. doi:10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2010.12.045. PMID 21463823.
- Segura-Sampedro, JJ; Jiménez-Rodríguez, RM; Martos-Martínez, JM; Padillo-Ruiz, FJ (December 2012). "[Pancreatic rupture and Roux-en-Y reconstruction after abdominal trauma]". Cirugia Espanola. 90 (10): e39. doi:10.1016/j.ciresp.2011.07.018. PMID 22257412.
- van Wagensveld, B. A.; Coene, P. P. L. O.; van Gulik, T. M.; Rauws, E. A. J.; Obertop, H. & Gouma, D. J. (October 1997). "Outcome of palliative biliary and gastric bypass surgery for pancreatic head carcinoma in 126 patients". British Journal of Surgery. 84 (10): 1402–1406. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2168.1997.02799.x. PMID 9361599.
- Anastomoses – thefreedictionary.com.