Rovereto

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Rovereto
Comune di Rovereto
Panorama of Rovereto, with Monte Cengialto (on the right)
Panorama of Rovereto, with Monte Cengialto (on the right)
Coat of arms of Rovereto
Coat of arms
Location of Rovereto
Rovereto is located in Italy
Rovereto
Rovereto
Location of Rovereto in Italy
Rovereto is located in Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
Rovereto
Rovereto
Rovereto (Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol)
Coordinates: 45°53′N 11°3′E / 45.883°N 11.050°E / 45.883; 11.050
CountryItaly
RegionTrentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol
ProvinceTrentino (TN)
FrazioniBorgo Sacco, Lizzana, Lizzanella, Marco, Mori Stazione, Noriglio, San Giorgio, Santa Maria, Sant'Ilario
Government
 • MayorFrancesco Valduga
Area
 • Total50 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation
204 m (669 ft)
Population
(31 March 2018)
 • Total39,915
 • Density800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Roveretani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
38068
Dialing code0464
Patron saintSaint Mary of the Snow
Saint day5 August
WebsiteOfficial website
Rovereto castle.
The Rosmini Fountain.

Rovereto (Italian pronunciation: [roveˈreːto]; German: Rofreit; "wood of Cornish oaks") is a city and comune in Trentino in northern Italy, located in the Vallagarina valley of the Adige River.

History[edit]

Rovereto was an ancient fortress town standing at the frontier between the bishopric of Trento – an independent state until 1797 – and the republic of Venice, and later between Austrian Tyrol and Italy.

Geography[edit]

Rovereto is east of Riva del Garda (at the north-western corner of Lake Garda). Rovereto is the main city of the Vallagarina district.

The town is located at the southern edge of the Italian Alps, near the Dolomites. It is bordered by Monte Cengialto (686m above sea level) to the est.[1]

Main sights[edit]

  • The castle, built by the counts of Castelbarco in the 13th–14th centuries, and later enlarged by the Venetians during their rule of Rovereto.
  • The Italian War museum (Museo Storico Italiano della Guerra) is located inside the castle. The Italian War Museum was founded in 1921 in remembrance of the First World War and in it are preserved arms and documents relating to wars from the 16th to the 20th centuries.
  • The mighty bell Maria Dolens, one of the largest outside Russia and East Asia, and the second-largest swinging bell in the world after the St. Peter's Bell of the Cologne Cathedral. Maria Dolens ("the grieving Virgin Mary") was built under the inspiration of a local priest, between 1918 and 1925, to commemorate the fallen in all wars, and to this day it sounds for the dead every day. Originally a patriotic rather than pacifist idea, it is today regarded as a shrine to peace.
  • MART, the Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art of Trento and Rovereto offers temporary exhibitions, educational activities, and has a remarkable permanent collection.
  • The Casa d'Arte Futurista Depero, Italy's only museum dedicated to the Futurist movement, containing 3,000 objects. The Casa d'Arte Futurista Depero is one of MART's venues. Closed for many years for extensive refurbishment, it reopened in 2009.[2]

In the area of Lavini di Marco footprints of dinosaurs have been found. The species have been identified as the herbivorous Camptosaurus and carnivorous Dilophosaurus.

Marco also hosts a large landslide which was mentioned by Dante Alighieri in his Divina Commedia: "Qual è quella ruina che nel fianco di qua da Trento l'Adice percosse, o per tremoto o per sostegno manco" (Inferno, canto XII).

Economy[edit]

In the past Rovereto was an important centre for the manufacture of silk fabrics. Currently, wine, rubber, chocolate, glasses and coffee are the town's main businesses.

Rovereto is the birthplace (1941) of Sferoflex eyeglasses, now taken over by Luxottica. Other relevant companies located in Rovereto are Marangoni Pneumatici, Sandoz Industrial Products Spa, Cioccolato Cisa, and Metalsistem. Rovereto is also home to Pama S.p.A machine tool builder.

Transport[edit]

Rovereto railway station, opened in 1859, forms part of the Brenner railway, which links Verona with Innsbruck.

People[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Rovereto is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Giacomoni, Francesco. "la zona industriale vista dal sentiero del Cengialto 686 m. slm and Monte Finonchio (1608 m above sea level) On the west side Rovereto is bordered by Monte Stivo (2059 m)". panoramio.com. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  2. ^ "Casa d'Arte Futurista Depero". "Quando vivrò di quello che ho pensato ieri, comincerò ad avere paura di chi mi copia" FD. Il Museo di Arte Contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto ("Mart"). Retrieved 2 September 2017.

External links[edit]

Media related to Rovereto at Wikimedia Commons